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MOS CS Message Flow

UE
T300=2s ; N300=3

NodeB
RRC: RRC Connection Request (RACH) NBAP: Radio Link Setup Request NBAP: Radio Link Setup Response ALCAP: ERQ (Establish Request) ALCAP: ECF (Establish Confirm) FP: Downlink Synch FP: Uplink Synch RRC: RRC Connection Setup (FACH) L1 Synchronization NBAP: Synchronization Indication RRC: RRC Connection Setup Complete (DCH) [RRCconnRepTimer1/2(100ms,1s)]

RNC

MGW/CN
RNC checks if resources are available: BTS, AC, Transmission. If not it sends RRC Connection Reject L1 Synchronization

RRC Connection Establishment CELL DCH State


RRC: Initial Direct Transfer (MM: CM Service Request) T312=6s ; N312=4 SCCP: CR (Connection Request) RANAP: Initial UE Message (MM: CM Service Request) SCCP: CC (Connection Confirm)

RANAP: Direct Transfer (MM: Authentication Request)


RRC: Downlink Direct Transfer (MM: Authentication Request) RRC: Uplink Direct Transfer (MM: Authentication Response) RANAP: Direct Transfer (MM: Authentication Response) RANAP: Common ID RANAP: Security Mode Command RRC: Security Mode Command

UE

NodeB
RRC: Security Mode Complete

RNC

MGW/CN

RANAP: Security Mode Complete RRC: Uplink Direct Transfer (CC: Setup) RANAP: Direct Transfer (CC: Setup) RRC: Downlink Direct Transfer (CC: Call Proceeding) RANAP: Direct Transfer (CC: Call Proceeding) RANAP: RAB Assignment Request

RAB Establishment

NBAP: Radio Link Reconfiguration Prepare NBAP: Radio Link Reconfiguration Ready ALCAP: ERQ (Establish Request) ALCAP: ECF (Establish Confirm) FP: Downlink Synch FP: Uplink Synch

RL modification procedure: SRB+DCH, HW resources checked Possible failure in AAL2 setup (Iub, Iur and Iu)

ALCAP: ERQ (Establish Request) ALCAP: ECF (Establish Confirm) NBAP: Radio Link Reconfiguration Commit) RRC: Radio Bearer Setup

Soft handover is not allowed during the RAB establishment procedure (The mobile can not add or remove cells in AS) this makes the UE and Node B particularly sensitive to mobility and dominance Timer wf_rb_setup_cpl (6s) is started when the RRC: Radio Bearer Setup message is sent to the UE In case the timer expires Iu Release Request is sent to the CN with release cause (radio_conn_lost)
RRC: Radio Bearer Setup Complete RANAP: RAB Assignment Response

UE

NodeB
RRC: Downlink Direct Transfer (CC: Alerting) RRC: Downlink Direct Transfer (CC: Connect) RRC: Uplink Direct Transfer (CC: Connect Acknowledge)

RNC

MGW/CN
RANAP: Direct Transfer (CC: Connect)

RANAP: Direct Transfer (CC: Alerting)

RANAP: Direct Transfer (CC: Connect Acknowledge)

Call Established
RANAP: Location Report
RRC: Measurement Control

Call Disconnect
RRC: Uplink Direct Transfer (CC: Disconnect) RANAP: Direct Transfer (CC: Disconnect) RANAP: Direct Transfer (CC: Release) RRC: Downlink Direct Transfer (CC: Release) RANAP: Direct Transfer (CC: Release Complete) RANAP: Iu Release Command RANAP: Iu Release Complete RRC: Downlink Direct Transfer (CC: RRC Connection Release) RRC: Uplink Direct Transfer (CC: Release Complete) RRC: Uplink Direct Transfer (CC: Release Complete) RRC: Uplink Direct Transfer (CC: Release Complete) NBAP: Radio Link Deletion Request NBAP: Radio Link Deletion Response ALCAP: ERQ (Establish Request) ALCAP: ECF (Establish Confirm)

MTC CS Message Flow


UE
NodeB RNC
RANAP: Paging RRC: Paging Type 1

MGW/CN

RRC: RRC Connection Request (RACH)


NBAP: Radio Link Setup Request NBAP: Radio Link Setup Response ALCAP: ERQ (Establish Request) ALCAP: ECF (Establish Confirm) FP: Downlink Synch FP: Uplink Synch RRC: RRC Connection Setup (FACH) L1 Synchronization NBAP: Synchronization Indication RRC: RRC Connection Setup Complete (DCH)

L1 Synchronization

RRC Connection Establishment CELL DCH State


RRC: Initial Direct Transfer (MM: Paging Response) SCCP: CR (Connection Request) RANAP: Initial UE Message (MM: Paging Response) SCCP: CC (Connection Confirm) RANAP: Direct Transfer (MM: Authentication Request)

RRC: Downlink Direct Transfer (MM: Authentication Request)


RRC: Uplink Direct Transfer (MM: Authentication Response) RANAP: Direct Transfer (MM: Authentication Response) RANAP: Common ID RRC: Security Mode Command RANAP: Security Mode Command

UE

NodeB
RRC: Security Mode Complete

RNC

MGW/CN

RANAP: Security Mode Complete RRC: Uplink Direct Transfer (CC: Setup) RRC: Downlink Direct Transfer (CC: Call Confirmed) RANAP: Direct Transfer (CC: Setup)

RANAP: Direct Transfer (CC: Call Confirmed) RANAP: RAB Assignment Request

RAB Establishment

NBAP: Radio Link Reconfiguration Prepare NBAP: Radio Link Reconfiguration Ready ALCAP: ERQ (Establish Request) ALCAP: ECF (Establish Confirm) FP: Downlink Synch FP: Uplink Synch

RL modification procedure: SRB+DCH, HW resources checked Possible failure in AAL2 setup (Iub, Iur and Iu)

ALCAP: ERQ (Establish Request) ALCAP: ECF (Establish Confirm) NBAP: Radio Link Reconfiguration Commit) RRC: Radio Bearer Setup

Soft handover is not allowed during the RAB establishment procedure (The mobile can not add or remove cells in AS) this makes the UE and Node B particularly sensitive to mobility and dominance Timer wf_rb_setup_cpl (6s) is started when the RRC: Radio Bearer Setup message is sent to the UE In case the timer expires Iu Release Request is sent to the CN with release cause (radio_conn_lost)
RRC: Radio Bearer Setup Complete RANAP: RAB Assignment Response

UE

NodeB
RRC: Downlink Direct Transfer (CC: Alerting)

RNC

MGW/CN
RANAP: Direct Transfer (CC: Alerting) RANAP: Direct Transfer (CC: Connect)

RRC: Downlink Direct Transfer (CC: Connect) RRC: Uplink Direct Transfer (CC: Connect Acknowledge) RANAP: Direct Transfer (CC: Connect Acknowledge)

Call Established
RANAP: Location Report

RRC: Measurement Control

MOC/MTC Call Flow timing

MOC

M T C

RRC messages information

Voice and Video are both Conversational Call

RRC messages information

DL SRB

RRC messages information

UE in DUAL MODE

RRC messages information

Voice AMR

RRC messages information

CS call, 64Kbps, Transparent

Video Call

RRC messages information

Video CS 64: DL SF 32 UL SF 16 Voice AMR: DL SF 128 UL SF 64

75. Briefly describe the UE to UTRAN protocol stack (air interface layers). The radio interface is divided into 3 layers: 1. Physical layer (Layer 1, L1): used to transmit data over the air, responsible for channel coding, interleaving, repetition, modulation, power control, macro-diversity combining. 2. Link layer (L2): is split into 2 sublayers - Medium Access Control (MAC) and Radio Link Control (RLC). " MAC: responsible for multiplexing data from multiple applications onto physical channels in preparation for overthe-air transmition. " RLC: segments the data streams into frames that are small enough to be transmitted over the radio link. 3. Upper layer (L3): vertically partitioned into 2 planes: control plane for signaling and user plan for bearer traffic. " RRC (Radio Resource Control) is the control plan protocol: controls the radio resources for the access network.