You are on page 1of 25

Color Image Processing

Color and wavelet 1

RGB image
• RGB image represents each pixel color as a set of three
values, representing the red, green, and blue intensities
that make up the color.
• The RGB image range values are [0,1] and [0,255] for
class double, uint8 respectively.

Example RGB

G-Component Color and wavelet B-Component 3

The RGB Color Model
If R,G, and B are represented with 8 bits (24-bit RGB
image), the total number of colors is (28 )3=16,777,216

Color and wavelet 4

Primary and secondary
colors
• primary colors:
R – red
G – green
B – blue
• Secondary colors
M – magenta (= red + blue)
C – cyan (= green + blue)
Y – yellow (= red + green)

Color and wavelet 5

Indexed Image
• An indexed image is where the pixel
values are indices to elements in a
colour map or colour lookup
table.
• Index image has two components: a
data matrix of images and color map
matrix.

Color and wavelet 6

Displaying indexed images
>> I2=I(:,:,2); % green values of I
>> image(I2)Matlab considers I2 as an indexed
image as it doesn’t contain entries for
>> colorbar % display colourmap

Index

Associate
d color

Colour
Looku
p Table

Color and wavelet 7

Displaying indexed images
(continued)
Red =1.0,
Green =
1.0, Blue
• change colourmap =1.0,
corresponds
to index 64
>> colormap(gray)
Red =0.0,
Green =
Type >>help graph3d to get a list 0.0, Blue =
of built-in colourmaps. Experiment 0.0,
with different built-in colourmaps. corresponds
to index 1
Define your own colourmap Red =1.0,
mymap by creating a matrix (size Green =
m x 3 ) with red, green, blue 1.0, Blue
entries. Display an image using =1.0,
to index 255
• scale colourmap
Red =0.0,
>> imagesc(I2) Green =
0.0, Blue =
0.0,
corresponds
to index 0

Color and wavelet 8

RGB values of basic color

Color and wavelet 9

IPT Functions for converting between
RGB, Indexed, and gray scale
intensity images

Color and wavelet 10

Converting to other color
spaces
• NTSC color spaces
• The YCbCr color space
• The HSV color space
• The CMY and CMYK spaces
• The HSI color spaces

Color and wavelet 11

The HSI Color Model
• Hue—the color
• Saturation—the amount of white that
is mixed with the hue
• Intensity—expresses the brightness
or luminance of the chromaticity
(=hue and saturation)

Color and wavelet 12

Brightness, Hue, and
Saturation
• Brightness is a synonym of intensity
• Hue represents the impression related to the
dominant wavelength of the color stimulus
• Saturation expresses the relative color purity
(amount of white light in the color)
• Hue and Saturation taken together are called the
chromaticity coordinates (polar system)
• Matlab conversion function: rgb2hsv

HSI Color Model

Color and wavelet 14

Converting from RGB to HSI

Example HSI

Saturation Color and wavelet Intensity 16

Spacial Filtering of color
images
• The spacial filtering concentrating
mostly on RGB images.
• And basic concepts are applicable to
other color models
• The two examples of linear filtering
– Color image smoothing
– Color image sharpening

Color and wavelet 17

Spacial Filtering of color
images(cont…)
• The linear spacial filtering consists of
the following steps
– Extract the components images
– Filter each components image
individually.
– Reconstruct the filtered RGB image
• In RGB color system, we consider
color image sharpening using the
Laplacian vector.
Color and wavelet 18
Wavelets
• A wavelet is a waveform of
effectively limited duration that has
an average value of zero.
• A wavelet transform is the
representation of a function by
wavelets.
• The wavelets are scaled and
translated copies of a finite-length or
fast-decaying oscillating waveform .
Color and wavelet 19
Wavelets
• Compare wavelets with sine waves,
which are the basis of Fourier
analysis.
• Wavelet transforms are classified into
discrete wavelet transforms (DWTs)
and continuous wavelet transforms
(CWTs).

Color and wavelet 20

Wavelets
• A discrete wavelet
transform (DWT) is any wavelet
transform for which the wavelets are
discretely sampled.
• Wavelet Toolbox provides two
categories of tools:
– Command line functions
– Graphical interactive tools
Waveinfo(wfamily) eg Waveinfo(‘haar’)
Color and wavelet 21
Fast Wavelet Transform
• The Fast Wavelet Transform is
algorithm designed to turn
a waveform or signal in the time
domain into a sequence of
coefficients based on an orthogonal
basis of small finite waves,
or wavelets.

Color and wavelet 22

Wavelet Toolbox FWT filters and filter
family

Color and wavelet 23

The Haar scaling and wavelet
functions

Color and wavelet 24

Wavelets in image
processing
• Compute the two dimensional
wavelet transform of an image.
• Alter the transform coefficients
• Compute the inverse transform