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Routing & Routing Protocols.

Sasi kumar B.Prasanthkumar Nithiya kumar

Competency 8: Explores the use of Data communication & computer network technologies for effective communication of data & voice and resource sharing Competency level 8.10: Explores
basic devices, and protocols used in networks

What we are going to see...


protocols Types of routing static & dynamic Dynamic routing protocols Interior & exterior routing protocols Sample network packet forward


Routing is the process of selecting paths in a network along which to send network traffic. In other way we can say this is the process to direct the packet forwarding between the source and destination. It can done by the inter connected networking devices such as router, switches, bridges, hubs, firewalls and PCs router must learn how to get to the remote network with either static routing or dynamic routing.

Routed protocols.

ROUTED PROTOCOLS are nothing more than data being transported across the networks. Routed protocols include:

Internet Protocol

Novell IPX DECnet Appletalk Banyan Vines Xerox Network System (XNS)

Telnet Remote Procedure Call (RPC) SNMP SMTP

Types of routing

static routing

Administrator manually enters the routes in the router's table. Remote route details learned by static entry. Each and every updates must be update for better network performance. High secure and reliable pathway to reach specified remote network

dynamic routing - happens automatically using routing protocols.

Routing protocols is the responsible thing for reach remote network. Automatically learn updates no need admin knowledge. Not reliable like static route.

Dynamic Routing Protocols

A routing protocol specifies how routers communicate with each other, disseminating information that enables them to select routes between any two nodes on a computer network, the choice of the route being done by routing algorithms. Each router has a priori knowledge only of networks attached to it directly. A routing protocol shares this information first among immediate neighbors, and then throughout the network.

There are 2 type of dynamic routing protocols

1. Interior routing protocols

Interior Gateway Protocols (IGPs) exchange routing information within a single routing domain. Examples of IGPs include:
OSPF (Open Shortest Path First) RIP (Routing Information Protocol) IS-IS (Intermediate System to Intermediate System) EIGRP (Cisco's proprietary Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol)

2. Exterior Routing Protocols Exterior routing protocols are used to exchange routing information between autonomous systems. The routing information passed between autonomous systems is called reachability information. Reachability information is simply information about which networks can be reached through a specific autonomous system. Border Gateway Protocol (BGP)

Sample network AS 100 communication

AS 101


equally grouped according to their computer knowledge Each group need to prepare a brief description as a assignment about any one of the IGP Each group need to send assignment to teachers mail with in a dead line.


: student will work as a group so knowledge sharing, team work experience and they will get task completing ability with in a certain period. ICT : Students gain information reveal, email using ability, assignment creating (softcopy) by using any kind of word processor or presenting software.


to their group assignment each assignment will be analyze, correct and share with all of them Teacher will provide additional information about IGP Teacher provide useful link and materials to student for further information and knowledge