Basic Information about AIRFRAME

By: Aaron Rudric M. Ventura

• All major parts of an aircraft except its powerplant are parts of an airframe (in helicopters.What is an Airframe? • It is the bones and skin of every aircraft. rotors are part of its airframe but propellers in airplanes do not) .

S. heavier-than-the-air aircraft to achieve controlled. Smithsonian Institution – Design by the Wright Brothers – Made of Wood and Fabric .Evolution of the Airframe • 1903 – Wright Flyer – “The first powered. sustained flight with pilot aboard” – U.

Evolution of Airframe • 1915 – Junkers J 1 – World’s first practical all metal aircraft – Designed by Hugo Junkers of Junkers and Co. – Pioneered the sleek aerodynamic design in an aircraft (which is still use today) .

Evolution of the Airframe • 1975 Rutan VariEze – Canard type aircraft made of Composite Material – Designed by Burt Rutan – Pioneered the moldless glass-reinforeced plastic construction in homebuilt aircraft .

Materials Use in Making Airframe • Wood And Fabric – Used from 1903 until 1915 – First materials use in making Airframes (wood for trusses. fabric for skins and some metal wires for bracing and controls) .

Materials Use in Making Airframe • Aluminum – The most common materials use by Aircraft Manufacturers – Lighter than steel but strong enough to withstand resisting forces – Stronger than wood and fabric .

Materials Use in Making Airframe • Composite Materials – Designed by engineers to be lighter than aluminum but stronger than steel – Carbon/Graphite Fiber. Aramid (Kevlar) and Fiber glass are the most common Composite material use in Aviation Industry .

Design Use in Making Airframe • Truss Type – Made of either wood or welded steel tubes – “bridge like” design – Comprises of one or more triangular units with straight member who’s ends are connected at joints referred to as nodes .

Design Use in Making Airframe • Truss Type .

Design Use in Making Airframe • Geodesic Construction – Designed by Barnes Wallis – Compose of spirally crossing basket-weave of load bearing members – The principle is that two geodesic arcs can be drawn to intersect on a curving surface (the fuselage) in a manner that the torsional loads on each cancels out that on the other. .

Design Use in Making Airframe • Geodesic Construction .

– The word monocoque comes from the Greek for single (mono) and French for shell (coque) . similar to a pingpong ball or egg shell.Design Use in Making Airframe • Monocoque – Also called “stressed skin” or “structural skin” – a structural approach that supports loads through an object's external skin.

Design Use in Making Airframe • Monocoque .

.Design Use in Making Airframe • Semi – Monocoque – A much stronger design than Monocoque – Has added parts for strenghtening reason – First. These are in turn covered with a skin of sheet aluminum. These frames are then joined with lightweight longitudinal elements called stringers. a series of frames in the shape of the fuselage cross sections are held in position on a rigid fixtures. attached by Riveting or by bonding with special adhesives.

Monocoque .Design Use in Making Airframe • Semi .

Thank You “Life is a continuous studying process.” . you learn something new that can change how you live. everyday.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful