Socio-emotional (Spiritual, Social, Emotional)-Child And Early Adolescence.

Pn. Norasikin Binti Ismail


1) Muhammad Hafiz Bin Masron 2) Muhammad Fitree Bin Mohd Fuhaad

Socioemotional Development
• Midlife Crisis or Midlife Consciousness? • Research reveals that midlife
– Is not particularly tumultuous, mostly positive – Is relatively low in experienced anxiety – Adults show resilience and good coping skills – Brings few illnesses, but poor physical fitness

• Awareness of gap between young and old

Socioemotional Development • Activity  Satisfaction and Good Health • Value Emotional Satisfaction • Narrow Social Interactions – Spend time with family and friends – Restrict contact with less familiar individuals • Positive Psychology and Aging .

.Early Adolescence (12-14 years old) Definition: Developmental Milestones 1) The period of physical and psychological development from the onset of puberty to maturity. 2) A transitional period of development between youth and maturity: the adolescence of a nation.

and social changes o The degree to which one’s body matches the desired or socially valued body build of the culture influences social acceptance by peers and adults . breasts. and deepened voice o Adaptation at puberty requires an integration of biological.Physical Maturation o Secondary sex characteristics are the physical characteristics other than genital. that indicate sexual maturity. such as body hair. psychological.

which may result in peer rejection 2) Reactions to Breast Development and Menarche • The development of breast buds is a welcome sign for most girls but menarche is associated with a mix of positive and negative feelings • Menarche – the beginning of regular menstrual periods • Although most girls are prepared by their mothers for menstruation. and therefore many girls do not understand the relationship of menstruation to reproduction . the topic is often handled as a matter of hygiene rather than as a sexual transition.Physical Maturation: Physical Changes in Girls & Boys 1) Concerns about Obesity – the greatest concern adolescent girls express about their bodies is the perception they are too fat.

3) Boys generally welcome the changes. involving increase height and muscle mass. that bring them one step closer to adult maturity 4) Boys are generally not well prepared by their parents with information on the maturation of their reproductive organs .

EGOCENTRISM & DECENTERING o Egocentrism is the perception of one-self at the center of the world. the view that others base their behavior on or events occur as a result of one’s own perceptions o Decentering is gaining some objectivity over one’s own point of view. reducing the dominance of one’s subjective perspective in the interpretation of events .

social interactions as well as their problem solving are: • Preoccupation with their own thoughts • Belief that others are also preoccupied with their thoughts – Personal Fable .– 2 Characteristics of Egocentrism that may affect adolescents. and a belief that these thoughts are unique – Imaginary Audience – adolescents assume that they are the center of interest in others’ thoughts and attentions EGOCENTRISM .an intense investment in one’s own thoughts and feelings.

looks. • Anxiety from more challenging school work.Emotional/Social Changes. • Moodiness • More interest in and influence by peer group. • More concern about body image. • Focus on self. and clothes. • Eating problems sometimes start at this age. . May sometimes seem rude or short-tempered. • Less affection shown toward parents. going back and forth between high expectations and lack of confidence.

Better able to express feelings through talking. and other problems. A stronger sense of right and wrong.• • • • More ability for complex thought. unsafe sex. alcohol or drug use. Depression can lead to poor grades at school. Many teens sometimes feel sad or depressed. Mental/Cognitive Changes .

violent crimes • Leisure activities help prevent negative activity • Most adolescents teens usually have a lot of anxiety and depression .substance abuse.General Information • Difficult period of life • Ex. vandalism.

FISTS Fighting Injuries Sex Threats Self-defense Use this mnemonic as the basis for assessing an adolescent’s risk for involvement in violence. ..

mental.Characteristics • Puberty begins • Engage in higher thoughts • Greater ability to do work (physical. emotional)‫‏‬ • Movement Towards Independence .

Developmental Functioning • • • • Physical Cognitive Social Emotional .

guys begin to get taller • Voice changes .Physical • Growing into young adults • Making transition from child into young adult • Facial hair. leg hair. girls begin to bloom.

with limited thoughts of the future • Intellectual interests expand and gain in importance • Greater ability to do work (physical.Cognitive • Mostly interested in present. mental. emotional)‫‏‬ .

going to the mall without parents.partying. carnivals • Peer pressure becomes heavier • More developed intellectual speech .Social • Develop interaction with peers • Activities become more involved.

Emotional • Deeper feelings • Begin more personally important things attached to .

Trends And Challenges • Adolescent pregnancy is becoming a bigger trend • Drug and alcohol abuse are becoming more common • Take up one sport more seriously than another.focus on future in sport .

Parties independently .Types Of Play And Recreation • Organized sports become more competitive • Mall. Movies. Sporting Events.