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Usage share of Android versions
Version
4.2 4.1.x 4.0.x 3.2 3.1 2.3.3-2.3.7 2.3-2.3.2 2.2 2.0-2.1 1.6

Code name
Jelly Bean Jelly Bean Ice Cream Sandwich Honeycomb Honeycomb Gingerbread Gingerbread Froyo Eclair Donut

Release date November 13, 2012 July 9, 2012 December 16, 2011 July 15, 2011 May 10, 2011 February 9, 2011 December 6, 2010 May 20, 2010 October 26, 2009 September 15, 2009

API

level 17 16 15 13 12 10 9 8 7 4

Distribution (February 5, 2013) 1.4% 12.2% 29.0% 1.0% 0.3% 45.4% 0.2% 8.1% 2.2% 0.2%

The version history of the Android operating system began with the release of the Android beta in November 2007. Android 1.0. . The first commercial version. was released in September 2008.

• Folders allowing the grouping of a number of app icons into a single folder icon on the Home screen.[11] • Access to web email servers. supporting POP3.• Android Market application download and updates through the Market app • Web browser to show. etc.[9] • Gmail synchronization with the Gmail app • Google Contacts synchronization with the People app . white balance. IMAP4. quality. zoom and pan full HTML and XHTML web pages –multiple pages show as windows("cards") • Camera support – however this version lacked the option to change the camera's resolution. and SMTP.

People. contacts. and Settings. text messaging. importing.(continued from previous slide) • • • • • • • • • • • • • Google Calendar synchronization with the Calendar app Google Maps with Latitude and Street View to view maps and satellite imagery. Home screen (launcher). Calculator. enabling management. Wi-Fi and Bluetooth support . and MMS Media Player. LED or vibration alerts Voice Dialer allows dialing and placing of phone calls without typing a name or number Wallpaper allows the user to set the background image or photo behind the Home screen icons and widgets YouTube video player Other apps include: Alarm Clock. and playback of media files. this version lacked video and stereo Bluetooth support Notifications appear in the Status bar. and Calendar Google Search. etc Google Talk instant messaging Instant messaging. calendar. Pictures (Gallery). Dialer (Phone). however. with options to set ringtone. allowing users to search the Internet and phone apps. allowing management of over-the-air synchronization of Gmail. as well as find local business and obtain driving directions using GPS Google Sync.

the Android 1. plus ability to show/hide dial pad • Ability to save attachments in messages • Support added for marquee in system layouts . changed the API and added a number of other features: • Details and reviews available when a user searches for businesses on Maps • Longer in-call screen timeout default when using the speakerphone. initially for the T-Mobile G1 only.1 update was released. The update resolved bugs.On February 9. 2009.

27. and one-touch access to a contact card from call log event Animated screen transitions Added auto-rotation option Added the current stock boot animation Ability to upload videos to YouTube Ability to upload photos to Picasa . dubbed Cupcake. based on Linux kernel 2. The update included several new features and UI amendments: • • • • • • • • • • • • Support for third-party virtual keyboards with text prediction and user dictionary for custom words Support for Widgets – miniature application views that can be embedded in other applications (such as the Home screen) and receive periodic updates[18] Video recording and playback in MPEG.6. the Android 1.5 update.On April 30. was released. 2009.4 and 3GP formats Auto-pairing and stereo support for Bluetooth added (A2DP and AVRCP profiles) Copy and paste features added to web browser User pictures shown for Favourites in Contacts Specific date/time stamp shown for events in call log.

6 SDK – dubbed Donut – was released. with faster camera access Ability for users to select multiple photos for deletion Updated technology support for CDMA/EVDO. the Android 1.6. based on Linux kernel2. and a text-to-speech engine Support for WVGA screen resolutions Speed improvements in searching and camera applications .Included in the update were numerous new features: • • • • • • • • • Voice and text entry search enhanced to include bookmark history. 802. 2009. VPNs.On September 15. camera and camcorder more fully integrated.29. and the web Ability for developers to include their content in search results Multi-lingual speech synthesis engine to allow any Android application to "speak“ a string of text Easier searching and ability to view app screenshots in Android Market Gallery. contacts.1x.

29. SMS. scene mode.6.and contact-synchronization Exchange email support.0 SDK – codenamed Eclair – was released. or email the person Ability to search all saved SMS and MMS messages.On October 26. white balance. Changes included: • • • • • Expanded Account sync. the Android 2. digital zoom. colour effect and macro focus . 2009. including flash support. with delete oldest messages in a conversation automatically deleted when a defined limit is reached Numerous new camera features. allowing users to add multiple accounts to a device for email. based on Linux kernel 2. with combined inbox to browse email from multiple accounts in one page Ability to tap a Contacts photo and select to call.

(continued from previous slide) • Improved typing speed on virtual keyboard. allowing the animation of home-screen background images to show movement . with better contrast ratio • Improved Google Maps 3. and ability to invite new guests to events • Optimized hardware speed and revamped UI • Support for more screen sizes and resolutions. showing attending status for each invitee.2 • Motion Event class enhanced to track multi-touch events[24] • Addition of live wallpapers. double-tap zoom and support for HTML5 • Calendar agenda view enhanced.1. with smarter dictionary that learns from word usage and includes contact names as suggestions • Refreshed browser UI with bookmark thumbnails.

memory. g.6. including security policies. c.• • a. enabling push notifications Improved Microsoft Exchange support. implemented through JIT compilation Integration of Chrome's V8 JavaScript engine into the Browser application Support for the Android Cloud to Device Messaging (C2DM) service. Functions Of Android 2. the Android 2. f. auto discovery. b. h. calendar synchronization and remote wipe Improved application launcher with shortcuts to Phone and Browser applications USB tethering and Wi-Fi hotspot functionality . GAL look-up. e. and performance optimizations Additional application speed improvements. based on Linux kernel 2.2 (Froyo) SDK was released. d.32.2 Speed. On May 20. 2010.

Support for Bluetooth-enabled car and desk docks l. Support for extra-high-PPI screens (320 ppi). Added an option to disable data access over mobile network s. Quick switching between multiple keyboard languages and their dictionaries j. such as 4" 720p q. Gallery allows users to view picture stacks using a zoom gesture r. Support for numeric and alphanumeric passwords m. Voice dialing and contact sharing over Bluetooth k. Updated Market application with batch and automatic update features .(continued from previous slide) i. Adobe Flash support p. Support for file upload fields in the Browser application n. Support for installing applications to the expandable memory o.

allowing the user to read an NFC tag embedded in a poster. or advertisement g. allowing users to select a word by press-hold. better suggested text and voice input mode e. the Android 2. and bass boost . copy. Support for extra-large screen sizes and resolutions (WXGA and higher) c.35. Updated user interface design with increased simplicity and speed b. and paste f. with improved accuracy.• On December 6. Native support for SIP VoIP internet telephony d. equalization. sticker. • Changes In Version 2.3 (Gingerbread) SDK was released. New audio effects such as reverb. based on Linux kernel 2. Enhanced copy/paste functionality.6. more intuitive text input in virtual keyboard.3 a. Faster. Support for Near Field Communication (NFC). headphone virtualization. 2010.

New Download Manager. Native support for more sensors (such as gyroscopes and barometers) • a. Audio. Concurrent garbage collection for increased performance p. graphical.(continued from previous slide) h. email.3. if available j. Support for multiple cameras on the device.4 Support for voice or video chat using Google Talk. Enhanced support for native code development m. and AAC audio encoding k. Support for WebM/VP8 video playback. Switched from YAFFS to ext4 on newer devices[36][37] n.3 Several improvements and API fixes. Changes In Version 2. Changes In Version2. including a front-facing camera. giving users easy access to any file downloaded from the browser. and input enhancements for game developers o. Improved power management with a more active role in managing apps that are keeping the device awake for too long l.3. . • a. or another application i.

System enhancements: b. Camera software enhancements g.• Changes In Version 2. Improved battery efficiency • Changes in version 2.6 a.3.3. Fixed Bluetooth bug on Samsung Galaxy S d. Improved Gmail application e. Google acknowledged this problem and fixed it in late September) . Fixed a voice search bug (The 2.3.6 update had the sideeffect of impairing the Wi-Fi hotspot functionality of many Canadian Nexus S phones. Improved network performance for the Nexus S 4G. among other fixes and improvements c.5 a. Shadow animations for list scrolling f.

based on Linux kernel 2. available at the bottom of the screen Added Action Bar. the Motorola Xoom tablet. g. or other types of content at the top of the screen Simplified multitasking – tapping Recent Apps in the System Bar allows users to see snapshots of the tasks underway and quickly jump from one app to another Redesigned keyboard.6.• On February 22. navigation.0 (Honeycomb) SDK – the first tablet-only Android update – was released.36. more intuitive copy/paste interface Multiple browser tabs replacing browser windows. . h. the Android 3. e. 2011. b. featuring quick access to notifications. and soft navigation buttons. 2011. f. giving access to contextual options.0 a. status. was released on February 24. Optimized tablet support with a new virtual and “holographic” user interface Added System Bar. d.[43][44][45][46] The first device featuring this version. widgets. plus form auto-fill and a new “incognito” mode allowing anonymous browsing • Features of version 3. efficient and accurate on larger screen sizes Simplified. c. making typing fast.

with easy access to thumbnails for other photos l. frontfacing camera. New two-pane Email UI to make viewing and organizing messages more efficient. Support for video chat using Google Talk o. and more j. allowing users to select one or more messages n. Ability to encrypt all user data • Features Of Version 3. Hardware acceleration p. time-lapse. Ability to view albums and other collections in full-screen mode in k. focus. Support for multi-core processors q. Quick access to camera exposure. New two-pane Contacts UI and Fast Scroll to let users easily organize and locate contacts m.(continued from previous slide) i. zoom. flash. UI refinements .1 a. Gallery.

g. Compatibility display mode for apps that have not been optimized for tablet screen resolutions d. New display support functions. i. giving developers more control over display appearance on different Android devices . maintaining high-performance Wi-Fi connections when device screen is off Support for HTTP proxy for each connected Wi-Fi access point • Features Of Version 3. c.2 a. Improved hardware support.g. e. h.(continued from previous slide) b. e. for synchronization c. d. f. including optimizations for a wider range of tablets b. Increased ability of apps to access files on the SD card. Connectivity for USB accessories Expanded Recent Apps list Resizable Home screen widgets Support for external keyboards and pointing devices Support for joysticks and gamepads Support for FLAC audio playback[49][50] High-performance Wi-Fi lock.

with a dragand. a two-line preview. was publicly released on October 19.0.0 was "theoretically compatible" with any Android 2. 2011. real-time speech to text dictation Face Unlock. 2011.3. a feature that allows users to unlock handsets using facial recognition software New tabbed web browser.1 (Ice Cream Sandwich). in place of capacitive or physical buttons Separation of widgets in a new tab.• The SDK for Android 4. Google's Gabe Cohen stated that Android 4. listed in a similar manner to apps Easier-to-create folders. The source code for Android 4. including: Virtual buttons in the UI. The update introduced numerous new features.0 became available on November 14.drop style A customizable launcher Improved visual voicemail with the ability to speed up or slow down voicemail messages Pinch-to-zoom functionality in the calendar Offline search. based on Linux kernel 3.x device in production at that time.1.0. and new action bar at the bottom of the Gmail app Ability to swipe left or right to switch between Gmail conversations Integrated screenshot capture (accomplished by holding down the Power and Volume-Down buttons) Improved error correction on the keyboard Ability to access apps directly from lock screen Improved copy and paste functionality Better voice integration and continuous. allowing up to 16 tabs • • • • • • • • • • • • • • .

Roboto •Data Usage section in settings that lets users set warnings when they approach a certain usage limit. and the ability to zoom while recording •Built-in photo editor •New gallery layout. time lapse settings. status updates and hi-res images •Android Beam.•Automatic syncing of browser with users' Chrome bookmarks •A new typeface family for the UI. contact info. a near-field communication feature allowing the rapid short-range exchange of web bookmarks. •YouTube videos and other data •Support for the WebP image format •Hardware acceleration of the UI •Wi-Fi Direct •1080p video recording for stock Android devices . directions. panorama mode. and disable data use when the limit is exceeded •Ability to shut down apps that are using data in the background •Improved camera app with zero shutter lag. organized by location and person •Refreshed "People" app with social network integration.

triple buffering. • • Features of Jelly bean Smoother user interface: – Sync timing across all drawing and animation done by the Android framework. touch events. extended vsync timing and a fixed frame rate of 60 fps to create a fluid and "butterysmooth" UI. and the Nexus 7 tablet.1 Jelly Bean was released to the Android Open Source Project on 9 July 2012. Jelly Bean was an incremental update with the primary aim of improving the functionality and performance of the user interface. Based on Linux kernel 3.1x • Google announced Android 4.1 (Jelly Bean) at the Google I/O conference on 27 June 2012. Android 4. screen composition and display refresh – Triple buffering in the graphics pipeline • • Enhanced accessibility Bi-directional text and other language support .0. including application rendering.Jelly Bean 4.31. which uses touch anticipation. The performance improvement involved "Project Butter". the first device to run Jelly Bean. was released on 13 July 2012.

1 preinstalled Ability for other launchers to add widgets from the app drawer without requiring root access And numerous more .• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • User-installable keyboard maps Expandable notifications Ability to turn off notifications on an app specific basis Shortcuts and widgets can automatically be re-arranged or re-sized to allow new items to fit on home screens Bluetooth data transfer for Android Beam Offline voice dictation Tablets with smaller screens now use an expanded version of the interface layout and home screen used by phones. Improved voice search Improved camera app Google Wallet (for the Nexus 7) High-resolution Google+ contact photos Google Now voice assistant and search application Multichannel audio USB audio (for external sound DACs) Audio chaining (also known as gapless playback)[ Stock Android browser is replaced with the Android mobile version of Google Chrome in devices with Android 4.

0 and called 'Key Lime Pie'. .4 KitKat (named in collaboration with Nestlé and Hershey) on 3 September 2013. The release had long been expected to be numbered 5.• KITKAT • Google announced Android 4.

.3 Gingerbread 45.Current Distribution Most of the devices have android 2. followed by Ice-Cream Sandwich with 29%.4%.

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A short Tutorial.Android App Development A short Tutorial • Android App Development .pptx • Click to open .