You are on page 1of 27

Consists of a total of 100 questions Takes 75 minutes There are three parts



Incomplete Sentences (40 items, 4choice)

2. 3.

Text completion (12 items, 4-choice) Reading Comprehension (48 items,4choice)

PART 5 & 6:




while a plural subject takes a plural verb. The next trick is recognizing a singular or plural verb. EX: The guests was/ were amazed by the colorful statues in the garden. .BASIC RULE The basic rule states that a singular subject takes a singular verb. The director suggests/ suggest we increase our sale profits by simplifying our distribution system. NOTE: The trick is in knowing whether the subject is singular or plural.

In most of the cases. along with. 14) . together with…)  a participial phrase  a to-infinitive phrase  a relative clause.RULE 1 Sometimes a subject can be followed immediately by a modifier:  a prepositional phrase ( with. (Take a look examples in your course book p. these modifier do not alter (change) the number of the subject.

If it is plural. if that noun is singular. and which become singular or plural according to the noun directly in front of them. use a singular verb. So. or which is the subject of a verb in the middle of the sentence. Salma is the scientist who writes/write the reports. The pronouns who. use a plural verb.RULE 2 Sometimes the pronoun who. He is one of the men who does/do the work EX: . that. that.

RULE 3 The pronouns each. someone. every one/ each one. anybody. . one. Each artist is sensitive. everybody. everyone. anyone. no one and somebody are singular and require singular verbs. Do not be misled by what follows of EX: Each of the girls sings well Everyone is waiting for the show to begin.

RULE 4 When either and neither are subjects. EX: Either of us is capable of doing the job. . they always take singular verbs Neither of them is available to speak right now.

15) .RULE 5 As subjects. (Take a look examples in your course book p. gerunds (V-ing) and to – infinitives always take a singular verb. noun clauses.

16) . Five years is the maximum sentence for that offense EX: (Take a look more examples in your course book p. they always take singular verbs.RULE 6 Nouns denoting prices/ weights/ periods of time/ proper nouns/ names of subjects as subjects. Although these forms may have plural forms. Ten dollars is a high price to pay.

The number of people we need to hire is thirteen. EX: . NOTE: The number of and a number of are following by plural nouns. A number of people have written in about this subject.RULE 7 The expression the number of is followed by a singular verb while the expression a number of is followed by a plural verb.

EX: Neither Jenny nor the others are available.RULE 8 Subjects agreement with correlative conjunctions: (Read information on p. . 17) More information: Two singular subjects connected by or require a singular verb EX: My aunt or my uncle is arriving by train today When a singular and plural subject are connected by either/or or neither/nor. put the plural subject last and use a plural verb.

. part.RULE 9 With words that indicate portions—percent. use a plural verb. some. If the object of the preposition is singular. none—look at the noun in your of phrase (object of the preposition) to determine whether to use a singular or plural verb. If the object of the preposition is plural. majority. All of the pies are gone. EX: Fifty percent of the pie has disappeared One-third of the people are unemployed Some of the pie is missing None of the garbage was picked up. all. fraction. use a singular verb.

EX: There are four hurdles to jump. In sentences beginning with there.RULE 10 The word there has generally been labeled as an adverb even though it indicates place. . There is a high hurdle to jump. the subject follows the verb.

No one is 2. were 3. I are 9. was 8. A 11. needs 5.GRAMMAR PRACTICE 1. are written 6. D 10. is 7. A . work 4. B 12.

B 9. B 3. A 11. A 15. A 5. B 10. D 16.CHECK. B 19. B 8. B 2. D 17. D 13. A 6. D 4. C 14. C 12.UP TEST 1. B 7. C . A 18.



EX: Margaret walked slowly down the street. The object shows who or what completes the action expressed in the verb. . Transitive verbs: subject + verb + object A transitive verb always has a direct object – a noun or pronoun that receives the action of the verb.Intransitive verbs: subject + verb An intransitive verb does not have an object. It does not need an object to complete the action expressed in the verb. EX: Roger eats a big breakfast every morning.

In case of transitive verbs.Underline the verbs in the following sentences. Too is the manager of the Sales Department. c) Your hands are dirty. g) This child is happy. circle the objects. Say whether they are transitive (T) or intransitive (I). e) He has set his hair with gel. f) Both my parents are chartered accountants. b) The sun rose. d) Mr. . a) The Ganga flows into the Bay of Bengal.

j) I coughed. i) He laughed loudly. l) The glass fell. k) The cat will lick up all the milk. m) My cat ran.h) I slept. n) I am sure about the answer. . o) We worked the entire day.

26) .INTRANSITIVE VERBS Intransitive verbs with adjectives as subject complements (Read information on p. 25) Intransitive verb + prep + object (Read information on p.

(√) She introduced the new students to me. EX: She introduced the new students. EX: She broke the window. (√) She introduced the new students me. introduce. (X) . She gave me some money. explain. mention.COMPLETE TRANSITIVE VERBS A complete transitive verb can take one or two objects. REMEMBER: Complete transitive verbs with only one object: announce. suggest.

(Read information on p.Complete transitive verbs can take 2 objects. 27) .

a to-infinitive.INCOMPLETE TRANSITIVE VERBS An incomplete transitive verb has an object and an object complement. or participle. The object complement can be a noun. (Read information on p. 28) . a bare infinitive.