You are on page 1of 76

Earthships

http://www.earthship.org/learn/garbage-warrior.php

• Earthships have evolved over the last thirty years from the pioneering work of Michael Reynolds and the residents of the 3 Earthship communities in Taos, New Mexico. Earthships are autonomous buildings designed to reduce our impact on the planet and increase our connection to it by: • Using the suns energy and the thermal mass of their walls for heating and cooling • Generating their own electricity from the sun • Harvesting their own water from rain • Dealing directly with their own waste • Using discarded tyres and other wastes for wall construction • Using materials with low embodied carbon • Being buildable by most people at relatively low cost

Shot over three years in the USA, India and Mexico, Garbage Warrior is a featurelength documentary film by Oliver Hodge telling the epic story of maverick architect Michael Reynolds, his crew of renegade house builders from New Mexico, and their fight to introduce radically different ways of living. A snapshot of contemporary geo-politics and an inspirational tale of triumph over bureaucracy, Garbage Warrior is above all an intimate portrait of an extraordinary individual and his dream of changing the world.

• ‘We need to evolve self-sufficient living units that are their own systems. heat and cool themselves. grow food and deal with their own waste.independent vessels . • We are now in need of EARTHSHIPS . New Mexico . • These units must energise themselves.to sail on the seas of tomorrow’ Mike Reynolds Earthship Creator Taos.

org/learn/garbage-warrior.• http://www.php .earthship.

Definitions • Earthship n. thermal mass construction for temperature stabilization. 1. • Biotecture n. 2. A combination of biology and architecture . 1. the profession of designing buildings and environments with consideration for their sustainability. renewable energy & integrated water systems make the Earthship an off-grid home with little to no utility bills. 3. passive solar home made of natural and recycled materials 2.

• Earthship Biotecture. based in Taos. totally sustainable designs. . products. NM. consultation & guidance toward getting people in sustainable housing. From single family to colony / community / city complexes. lectures / presentations. educational materials. construction drawings & details. USA is a global company offering proven.

.

• June 8-10 July 27-29 August 24-26 September 28-30 .

• Sewage: Earthships contain use and reuse all household sewage in indoor and outdoor treatment cells resulting in food production and landscaping with no pollution of aquifers. Water is heated from the sun and/or natural gas. • Comfort: Earthships maintain comfortable temperatures in any climate. The sun is a nuclear power plant that also delivers without wires or pipes. Earthships can have multiple sources of power.• Water: Earthships catch water from the sky (rain & snow melt) and uses it four times. The planet Earth is a thermally stabilizing mass that delivers temperature without wire or pipes. . Earthships can have city water as backup. Toilets flush with greywater that does not smell. all automated. • Electricity: Earthships produce their own electricity with a prepackaged photovoltaic / wind power system. including grid-intertie. This energy is stored in batteries and supplied to your electrical outlets.

You must also consider the climate of your area. Your site should face south to take advantage of the sun.Your first consideration is the site. .

.

.

wh have pounded a stem wall to receive the greenhouse frame in the front of the hut. In order to make the house as termite proof as possible.This house is being build in Hawaii where there is a great deal of humidity and the lava rock rich soil also holds moisture. .

The process takes somewhere around 15 minutes to half an hour per tire.In this image you can see an individual pounding the dirt into the side of the tire. .

. When you are finished with a tire you start the next tire by placing it next to the first one and then packing it full the same way. The tires are laid like bricks.The number of tires necessary for the building depends on the size of the building and whether or you are building it partially into a hill or not.

.

.2 Days of Work and the Structure is Half Up.

. They are applied like paper machete. It is covered with chicken wire. This is then coated with plaster.A metal dome goes on top of the tires. After the chicken wire has been tied in place then the structure is covered with burlap bags that have been run through a cement mixer with cement.

Insulation will go between the dome and the frame ceiling. .

.A Skylight is Being Installed in the Top. Note the Gutter that is being built our of a can wall. It will catch rain water and direct it to a cistern for other uses.

. and the height of the skylight box can be raised to create a stronger draw. To increase ventilation. This natural ventilation system ensures that indoor air is healthy. the number of vent windows can be increased.Operable vent windows located on the front face and operable skylights at the back of the room are opened allowing natural ventilation.

The second main building component in an Earthship is the aluminum cans. The cans are used to build the internal. . non-structural walls.

. • A can wall is layered with cans and then concrete and then another layer of cans. This is done whenever possible due to the tab acting as a lathe for the adobe plaster to hold onto.• People often ask if you need to drink a lot of beer to build an Earthship. You can also see how the tabs of the cans all point to the outside. The answer is no but it sure helps.

It will have cement coating it and then plaster/stucco. etc.The guttering could have been constructed out of plastic water bottles. .

.

Tar Paper is being placed on decking of the greenhouse which attaches to the front of the structure. .

Window Frames for the Green House .

.

.• The Earthship Greenhouse is the one of the greatest things about the Earthship. It allows the home to remain warm all winter long. Our house has not gotten below 60 degrees for the past two winters even though the outside temperature has been as low as -5 degrees Fahrenheit.

.

.

.

Bottles work like stained glass windows and allow light in. . They are then laid in rows and cemented together. It is important to use “two-fingers” of cement in order to have strength to the wall.Bottles are cut in half and then two are taped together to form bottle bricks.

.

.

• This is the master bathroom. The bathtub in the background is shaped to fit your body which is real nice. .

It is the biggest U in the house at 18' X 26'. We had to put some type of backup heat in so that we met the building codes. . The kitchen cabinetry is made out of Aspen and the cabinet doors are made out of Cedar wood. In the background you can see the stove pipe for our wood burning stove. We only need to use the wood stove a couple of times per year and that is more for ambience than heating.• This is our Kitchen and living U. a Sun Frost. The refrigerator on the right side is the worlds most efficient. It uses DC power so that it can work off of the (solar powered) batteries directly and not the inverter.

.• This picture is our planter box where we can grow our veggies year round.

.

.

.

.

pre-built "components"called the Power Organizing Module (POM).6 B/220 Amp. . This power unit is a pre-designed. therefore lowering the cost. The basic POM unit works with 120 Watt solar panels which can be pole mounted or attached to the front of building. The 8 volt . 2. The Earthship power system can be expanded to accommodate larger families and can be supplemented with wind turbines where applicable.5 K or 4K inverter can be expanded to 8 or more 120W panels and 1620 batteries. It can be installed and hooked up to by any electrician. Pre-designing reduces the need for specialists.These buildings produce their own electricity with a prepackaged photovoltaic power system.

.

The pumps for the water system are 12V DC. The oven is gas because an electric oven is a burden to a photovoltaic system.All built-in lighting is 12V DC using super-efficient light bulbs. and the most power consumptive appliance. With the power inverter. most other conventional appliances and tools can be used on this system. is a super insulated 12V upright or chest type fridge. . the refrigerator.

Data and calculations that determine how much water a conventional home uses should not be used in determining how much water the occupants will need because this building will use each gallon of water four times. Like the "designed down“ power system. the water system in this building reduces the overall water requirements of its inhabitants. Catch water systems elicit low water consumption and go hand-in-hand with gray water and black water treatment systems that cleanse and reuse water.The buildings collect their own water from a unique metal roof. silt catch and cistern system and treat their own sewage through greenhouse technology that allows contained flush toilets. .

The cisterns are buried in the earth barmy maintaining stable temperature and away from sunlight therefore reducing the growth of algae.• The structure is designed with a coated roof and gutter system that transports rain and snow melt to the ends of the building passing through a funnel which filters large debris and directs the water into two cisterns. . • These cisterns have the capacity to store 5.000 gallons of water each (more cistern storage may be added as necessary).

. As the water passes through this unit it is filtered and pumped to a pressure tank for household use.Pumps • Water caught on the roof and stored in the cistern flows with gravity pressure to the water organizing module (WOM). The WOM is pre-designed component consisting of four filters (one for drinking water). From there it is distributed as cold water to the kitchen and bathroom. a 12V pump and pressure gauge.

. This unit works in conjunction with an on-demand gas heater which only uses gas when the water from the solar heater drops below a certain temperature. The hot water is then distributed accordingly.Solar Hot Water • Water is passively heated in a solar water heater mounted on the roof.

contained indoor planter that receives the once-used water from sinks. tubs and washing machines.Grey Water • The gray water treatment planter is a lined. This water passes through a grease and particle filter to remove large debris so as not to clog up the treatment system. .

a certain type of bacteria actually houses itself in the "caverns"of the pumice. Also.• After this filter. . This pathway of pumice is placed in the bottom of a planter designed to hold water. This bacteria attacks the bacteria in the gray water. the water is taken through a long pathway of pit run pumice to create natural cleaning similar to a mountain stream running and tumbling through rocks and gravel.

.• The planter is designed with baffles to create the longest possible travel distance through the pumice. It is not clean enough to drink. the planter is filled with sand and topsoil to accommodate the plants. as well as to flush your toilet. Above the pumice. The plant roots bring oxygen down into the water. but it is clean enough to be used for growing plants both inside and out. This combination of travel through pumice and oxygenation by plant roots cleanses the water to the point where it looks and smells clean.

• Another function of these containment and treatment planters is that the plant roots will suck up a large part of the water. the more water will be absorbed by the plants. The more "jungle". and at the same time provide enough plants to absorb most of the water. Twenty square feet of planter per plumbing fixture is recommended as a minimum size. This is called transpiration. . The planter is designed to allow maximum travel of the water.

The toilet is the third use of the water. the treated gray water is stored and ready to be used to flush the toilet. . After the toilet is flushed. this "black water" sewage is sent out to the outdoor contained black water treatment system. eliminating the need to use fresh drinking water to flush the toilet.Grey Water Toilet • At the end of the planter.

The solids break down and are later washed through with the liquid waste. soil and roots where it is absorbed by plants and cleaned.Solar Septic System • The black water leaves the building and passes through the solar septic tank which accelerates the anaerobic process by heating the waste with solar energy. pumice. The liquid waste then enters the fully lined bed and travels through layers of gravel. .

decreasing your purchasing needs. .Foods can be grown year round. It is naturally water on the exterior of the home through the solar septic system.

.

.

A more advanced plan includes a two story jungle greenhouse.This is called a "Castle Earthship" and is the more basic of three new plans. .

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

000 sq. handcrafted and furnished in Southwestern elegance. Its 10. the Discovery Channel. with incredible decorative detail.Dennis Weaver’s Earthship . have been custom designed.. energy efficient. and PBS.. Home and Garden TV.a one-of-a kind. ft. . luxury home featured on Lifestyles of the Rich and Famous.

Colorado. .20 Acres and Earthship in Ridgeway.

.

.

.

• We will offer 6 internship sessions and will accept up to 6 interns per session. Each session will last for one month. • Upon completion of the session. . Internships are unpaid positions. People of all ages and backgrounds are encouraged to apply.Earthship Biotecture Internship Program • The Earthship Internship program is open to anyone with an interest in sustainability and a willingness to work hard. • Interns work full time on Earthship construction sites learning building concepts and techniques through hands-on experience. interns will either attend or receive a certificate to attend a three-day long Earthship Seminar.