Open Source Software

Ministry of Education Distance Education Unit 18 Abercromby Street Port-of-Spain
By Henry Paul ICT Systems Co-ordinator

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What is Open Source Software?
 Open Source Software is software for

which the underlying programming code is available to the users so that they may read it, make changes to it, and build new versions of the software incorporating their changes.

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What is Open Source Software?
 There are many types of Open Source

Software, mainly differing in the licensing term under which (altered) copies of the source code may (or must be) redistributed. domainsmagazine.com/managearticle.asp

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What is Open Source Software?
 Free programs created through the

collaborative efforts of programmers from around the world. www.metromemetics.com/thelexicon/o.asp

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What is Open Source Software?
 Software that shipped with its source

code, and that subject to the nine policies of the Open Source Organisation. starlab.es/hosting/win/documents/glossary_1_

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Why use Open Source Software
 We believe that Open-Source Software

can make a vital contribution to the improvement of technologies to support learning and knowledge-development.

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Why use Open Source Software
 That open-source software is generally

free of cost is important to many organisations, especially small ones, but the key advantage of open-source software for education is its open-ness.

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Why use Open Source Software
 Open-Source software can be freely

adapted by any organisation or individual to explore a new idea about learning or technology, or to change the behaviours of software to address their own learners' particular needs..

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Why use Open Source Software
 When combined with open software

standards, open-source becomes even more powerful. Open Standards allow progress towards interoperability among different systems, and towards the development of component-based solutions instead of monolithic one-vendor systems.
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Why use Open Source Software
 Together, open-source and open-

standards could emerge as the basis not only of more robust and usable systems, but of exciting new kinds of software to support collaborative learning.

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Open Source in Education
This site: http://www.ossite.org/collaborate/resources/ is useful for information and discussions about open-source and open standards movements to improve technologies for learning and collaboration.

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Open Source Programming
 In the world of open source programming,

the computer software is distributed under licence, allowing users to change or share the software’s source code – the human readable version of a computer programme.

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Open Source Programming
 This open and collaborative approach to

creating knowledge has produced remarkable results, such as the Linux operating system and the web-based encyclopaedia Wikipedia.

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Open Source Programming
 In defiance of the conventional wisdom of

modern business, open source methods have led the main underlying innovations around the Internet.

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Open Source Programming
 Other fields have much to learn from

open source methods – because they bring principles and working methods which can help to produce better knowledge, goods or services, or make them available on more widely beneficial terms.

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Open Source Sites

http://www.knownet.com/products/product-in
-Open Source for Collaborative Knowledge Development and Learning

http://www.schoolforge.net/
-Schoolforge's mission is to unify independent organizations that advocate, use, and develop open resources for primary and secondary education.

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Open Source Sites
 http://www.hosef.org/

-This site shows the many activities in the open source community in Hawaii.
 http://www.osv.org.au/index.cgi?tid=5

-This site promotes the benefits of open source in Education

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New Directions in Open Source
-The The UK government's school computing agency, Becta, has said schools could save costs by switching to what is known as open source software.

 http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/education/4642461.

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New Direction in Open Source
 Leslie Fletcher, chair of governors at Parrs

Wood High School in south Manchester and campaigns manager for the UK's Unix and Open Systems User Group Says:

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New Direction in Open Source
 The software a school needs to keep its

computer network running and secure, send and receive e-mail, access the internet, protect users from viruses, spam and unsuitable content and carry out office tasks such as word processing is all available free by using OSS.

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New Direction in Open Source
 It can be downloaded from

the internet free as in "free beer" - and has very liberal licensing terms - free as in "free speech".

 http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/education/4642461. 

Please read the report from the above site.

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Open Source Software for Schools
 Open Source Software

There are several kinds of software needed in a school environment: network security and monitoring to keep the school networked and safe, grade and timetable tracking software for teachers, educational software for classes, general network clients for email and web access.
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Open Source Software for Schools
 The SEUL/edu

Educational Application Index is a directory of school-related open source software.
 The Debian Jr. project has education-

related software packaged for use with the Debian GNU/Linux operating system.
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Open Source Software for Schools
 The LinuxForKids site/project promotes

free software reviewing and rating available software, with a target audience of children under 10.

BlueEDU is a distribution of the Linux operating system focused on educational packages.
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Open Source Software for Schools
 K12LTSP - the

K12 Linux Terminal Server Project is an easy to install, Linux-based terminal server package designed for schools.

 The KDE Edutainment Project aims to

create free educational software based on KDE, the K Desktop Environment.
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Open Source Software for Schools
 The Free Software Foundation hosts the

Savannah software development foundry. It's both a good place to look for free software and to host new projects. It helps developers offering stable network and software resources needed to spread their free software and form a community around each project.
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Open Source Software for Schools
 OFSET's Freeduc maintains an index of

educational free software.

Freshmeat is a broader index of all kinds of open source software.

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School Management Information Systems
 

http://www.miller-group.net/ This is an Open Source and Free School based management system.

 

http://www.edtechpost.ca/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/EdTech This site provides a variety of open source school content management sytems.

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School Management Information Systems
 This site provides a long list of Open

 http://dmoz.org/Computers/Software/Education http://dmoz.org/Computers/Software/Educatio

Source administrative and school management systems.

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Open Source Learning Management Systems
 This is the Free OpenSource LMS that is

 http://kewl.uwc.ac.za/index.php?module=splas

been used in Cape Town, South Africa.  http://www.atutor.ca/  This is the site for Free Open Source A-Tutor LMS.

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Open Source Learning Management Systems
 http://moodle.org/  This is the site for the Moodle Course

Management System, free and Open Source

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Conclusion

  

There is a reservoir of Open Source and Free software that is available for the Ministry of Education. The Ministry of Education ICT Policy speaks to the use of Open Standards. There are tremendous cost savings to the Ministry if such software is used. There is the opportunity to build human capacity and knowledge within the Ministry.
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Conclusion
 It is fundamental to

the nation’s 2020 vision that our strategic personnel in the Ministry embrace this new domain and demand that the IT Unit pay attention to t Open Source Software as a method of solution to the IT/IS issues in the Ministry.

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Conclusion
 The role of the Ministry’s strategic IT

partner companies remains important especially in providing support in this area.

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Thank YOU
Questions???

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