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BENEFIT SHARING OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY

PRESENTED BY, AJIT NANASAHEB PRANITA

BENEFIT SHARING - CONCEPT


BENEFIT SHARING

benefit delineates an advantage or a profit gained from something.

To share means to give a portion of something to another.

Benefit sharing could therefore be that benefit sharing is the action of giving a portion of advantages/profits to others.

In the legal field, benefit sharing is a technical term used in the context of access to and use of human and non-human genetic resources.

The term arose from the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) adopted at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. This global convention has 188 parties and aims to achieve three objectives: I. the conservation of biological diversity; II. the sustainable use of its components; and III. the fair and equitable sharing of benefits from the use of genetic resources.

WHY ONE STATE ONE LANGUAGE ?

"One State, one language" is the rule.

One State, one language is a universal feature of almost every State.

to make easy the way to the democracy

to remove racial and cultural tensions.

OFFICIAL LANGUAGE (UNION)


Article 343 recognizes Hindi in Devanagari script as the Official Language. Article 351 considers it as the duty of the Union to promote the spread of Hindi language

LANGUAGE USE IN PARLIAMENT


Article 120 provides for use of Hindi and English to transact business in Parliament.

CONTND..
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE (STATE)
Article 345 empowers the Legislature of the State to adopt 'any one or more of the languages in use in the State or Hindi as the language or languages to be used for all or any of the official purposes' of the concerned State.

LANGUAGE USE IN LEGISLATURE


Article 210 provides for the use of the Official Language or language of the State or Hindi or English. As per the Article 348(3), in cases where the State has prescribed any language other than English for use in Bills or Acts passed by the Legislature 'a translation of the same in the English language published under the authority of the Governor of the State in the Official Gazette of that shall be deemed to be the authoritative text ....' in English.

CONTND
INTER-STATE COMMUNICATION
Article 346 stipulates that the language authorized for use in the Union for official purposes shall be the official language for communication between the State and another State and between a State and the Union.

LINGUISTIC MINORITIES
Article 30(1) provides them the 'right to establish and administer educational institution of their choice'. Article 347 provides domestic language as official language, subject to president consent. Article 350 provides for people 'to submit a representation for the redress of any grievance to any officer or authority of the Union or State in any of the languages used in the Union or in the State'.