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Aditya Kumar Amit Xaxa Anima Beck
Beekeeping (Latin, Apis) is the maintenance of honey bee colonies, commonly in hives, by humans. A beekeeper (or apiarist) keeps bees in order to collect honey and other products of the hive (including beeswax, propolis, pollen, and royal jelly), to pollinate crops, or to produce bees for sale to other beekeepers. A location where bees are kept is called an apiary or "bee yard". Depictions of humans collecting honey from wild bees date to 15,000 years ago, efforts to domesticate them are shown in Egyptian art around 4,500 years ago. It wasn't until the 18th century that European understanding of the colonies and biology of bees allowed the construction of the moveable comb hive so that honey could be harvested without destroying the entire colony.
which bees do not block with wax.” Langstroth was the first person to make practical use of Huber's earlier discovery that there was a specific spatial measurement between the wax combs. The invention and development of the movable-comb-hive fostered the growth of commercial honey production on a large scale in both Europe and the USA 10/24/2013 3 . but keep as a free passage. later called the bee space. The 19th century saw this revolution in beekeeping practice completed through the perfection of the movable comb hive by the American ”Lorenzo Lorraine Langstroth.
no other individual has influenced modern beekeeping practice more than Lorenzo Lorraine Langstroth.Was an American pioneer of modern beekeeping in the early and mid-20th century 10/24/2013 4 . L. All modern beehives are descendants of his design L. these were packed side by side in boxes that were stacked one on top of the other Jan Dzierżon . Langstroth .Revered as the "father of American apiculture". Petro Prokopovych . Kelley .Was the father of modern apiology and apiculture.Used frames with channels in the side of the woodwork. His classic book The Hive and Honey-bee was published in 1853 Walter T.
Hisar (Haryana). A. R.P.P.C. Apis cerana indica in early 1930s Apis mellifera was started by Dr.It remained confined to Punjab and Himachal Pradesh up to late 1970s In 1982.N.Mattoo was the pioneer worker in starting beekeeping with Indian honeybee. R.S. working at Haryana Agricultural University.Sihag.Sharma and N.Atwal and his team members. introduced and established this honeybee in Haryana and standardized its management practices for semi-arid-subtropical climates 10/24/2013 5 . Dr.Goyal in Punjab in early 1960s. O.
of bee hives 1.000 52.000.5 9.000 400.000 Serbia Denmark 3 to 5 2.000 2602 New Zealand India 313.000 10/24/2013 2.000 4.000 No.000.Country Germany Production (1000 metric ton) 21.23 16 Egypt 200.399 9.69 430.000 150.800.3 5 8 45 90.000 30.000 6 Morocco .23 Consumption No. of bee (1000 metric Keepers ton) 89 6.
PROCEDURES AND STRATEGIES 10/24/2013 7 .
Period Days 1-3 Work activity Cleaning cells and incubation Day 3-6 Day 6-10 Day 8-16 Day 12-18 Day 14 onwards Feeding older larvae Feeding younger larvae Receiving honey and pollen from field bees Wax making and cell building Entrance guards. nectar and pollen foraging 10/24/2013 8 .
Stage of development Queen Worker Drone Egg 3 days 3 days 3 days Larva 8 days 10 days 13 days :Successive moults occur within this period 8 to 13 day period Cell Capped Pupa Total day 8 4 days 15 days day 8 8 days 21 days day 10 8 days 24 days 10/24/2013 9 .
Beekeeping can be initiated by individuals or groups The market potential for honey and wax is high 10/24/2013 10 . Beekeeping has positive ecological consequences. thus increasing the yield of certain crops such as sunflower and various fruits. Honey is a delicious and highly nutritious food. Bees play an important role in the pollination of many flowering plants. By the traditional method of honey hunting many wild colonies of bees are destroyed. This can be prevented by appropriate technology.
Little bee (Apis florea): They are poor honey yielders and yield about 200900 g of honey per colony. They yield 300400 g of honey 10/24/2013 11 .There are four species of honeybees in India. They are efficient pollinators. Stingless bee (Trigona iridipennis): In addition to the above. They are not truly stingless. European bee [Italian bee] (Apis mellifera): The average production per colony is 25-40 kg. Indian bee (Apis cerana indica): They yield an average honey yield of 6-8 kg per colony per year. They are: Rock bee (Apis dorsata): They are good honey gathers with an average yield of 50-80 kg per colony. another species also present in Kerala known as stingless bees. but sting is poorly developed.
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using fire and squeezing of combs by hands.“Among the four principal bee specicies in India. The rock-bee (Apis Dorsata) contributes around 20000 tons or more then 70% of annual honey production of our country. 10/24/2013 13 . Loss of bee population hampers cross pollination in agricultural crops. they are usually forced to sell the honey at low or distress prices to middlemen and contractors. leading to gross destruction of whole colonies of bees. scientific handling and harvesting of rock-bee honey has hitherto not been systematically undertaken. Moreover.” Since this species is migratory and wild in nature. Instead. crude methods of collecting this honey are adopted by (mostly tribal and forest-dwelling) honey hunters. These traditional honey hunters also face considerable hazards in their vocation due to the inaccessibility of honeycombs and the ferocity of these wild bees. forests and other blooming vegetation with adverse impact on the local ecology.
Focus on use of protective dress to ensure the safety of the honey collector and some essential equipment to prevent harm to. Nagpur and continuously improvement by the collaboration with other organization and institution. wardha. Collector The bees 10/24/2013 14 .First developed and successfully demonstrated by the center of science for villages.
10/24/2013 15 . where requisite bee population exists. packaging and marketing add value and can eliminate middle-men. Enable extraction of good quality honey and by-products such as bee wax and pollen. A nodal facility for purification/processing of honey and byproducts. Training required for honey hunters as well for NGOs. It can adopted any where in India .
wild bee behaviors. Project area should have large bee population . Existing group and practices of traditional honey hunters is preferable due to familiarity with hive locations.Large forest areas. hilly tracts or rock faces and several water bodies. Blooming vegetation area required since this would lead to better and higher quantity of honey. 10/24/2013 16 . knowing about marketing channels.
Bee keeping requires less time. money and infrastructure investments Honey and bees wax can be produced from an area of little agricultural value The Honey bee does not compete for resources with any other agricultural enterprise. 10/24/2013 17 .
The technology package comprises Water spray Protective Dress Portable Rope Ladder Clip Solar Honey Separator 10/24/2013 18 .
There would be 5 months honey flow period.12000. Setup Nodal Agency 3 members along with the protective dress Requiring kit. 10/24/2013 19 . cost of this kit is approximately Rs.
Safety of honey-collectors is ensured Sustainable yields of honey and ecological conservation ensured through promotion of cross-pollinaiton by preserving bee population Provides higher income to honey gatherers Make available good quality honey for consumers with no/less pesticides contamination 10/24/2013 20 . The improved technology of honey extraction has several advantages: Obtained honey without destruction of comb and bees. Quality of honey is better due better collection process Quantity of honey collection increases due above and non destructive methods of honey extraction enabling decolonization by bees and multiple harvests.
The plants used to smoke traditional hives can be packaged and sold for use with frame hives.” 10/24/2013 21 . due to Global warmng. to achieve a friendly environment especially for the tropical countries honey bees we should have to go through the following steps ……………… “The development of beekeeping in tropical countries can be achieved using local methods by beekeepers who like honeybees.We are all connected in this world when spercies like(Honey Bee) start dissapearing around the world. extracting and packing honey. Honey quality can be improved by training beekeepers to respect hygienic conditions and to use plastic containers during harvesting. Thus.
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