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• IDT views deception through theoretical lens of interpersonal communication • Deception considers as interactive process between sender and receiver. • IDT focuses on dyadic, relational, and dialogic nature. • -dyadic comm; comm between two people. • -relational comm; comm in which meaning is created by two people simultaneously filling the roles as sender and receiver. • -dialogic activity; active communicative language between sender and receiver.

and dialogic activity can be use between therapist and patient relies upon honest if patient to recover. . relational. • each proposition is capable of generating testable hypotheses • The propositions able to explain the cognitions and behaviors of sender and receiver during each phase of the iterative process of deception.• The dyadic. • IDT's model of how deception is played out in interpersonal contexts is presented in the form of 18 empirically verifiable propositions.

Postinteraction Outcomes .• All the propositions are divided under this sub topics .Other Communication-Relevant Preinteraction Factors .Effects of Preinteraction Features and Initial Interaction on Receiver Cognitions .The Superordinate Role of Context and Relationship .Effects of Preinteraction Features on Senders’ Initial Detection Apprehension and Deception Displays .Interative Interactional Patterns .

• sender prepares the receiver to accept his or her information as truth. even if some or part of the dialogue is false. . • common mistakes are.RECEIVER’S ROLE IN IDT • most important of which is how the deceiver manages his or her verbal and nonverbal cues • according to IDT. social contract that people will be honest with one another and believe others will be honest with them. the more socially aware a receiver is. the better he or she is at detecting deceit.

as a physical response occurs within the sender. relational. and behavioral familiarity • Emotion can result of deception. as the sender relies on relevant knowledgeinformational. usually in the form of arousal and negative affect such . • Emotion can be a motivator of deception.EMOTION IN IDT • Plays a central role in IDT as a motivator and a result of deception.

humans are highly sensitive to body signals. Examples of leakage : . • Leakage refers to communicative incidents in which nonverbal signals betray the true content of contradictory verbal messages.Emotional Leakage • Emotion in deception is clear most overtly in nonverbal signals • Some studies have shown over 90% of emotional meaning is communicated nonverbally • Fortunately.

sadness.Facial Expression • Eight basic emotions are communicated through facial expression: anger. and "route two". surprise and acceptance • generally recognized across cultures. held to be innate. There are two main "routes" through which these expressions are developed: "route one". fear. curiosity/interest. which depends on processes of socialization . disgust. joy.

pessimistic. • used to regulate turn-taking in conversation and is a key factor in deciding how interested the receiver is in what the sender is saying • Receivers usually look about 70-75% of the time. defensive. they might considered cold. intimacy and interest. with each gaze averaging 7. If receivers look only 15% of the time. immature and evasive .8 seconds.Gaze • People use eye contact to signal threat. cautious.

assertiveness and warmth. . while those who are touched are seen as having less.Touch • Touch can be a valuable means of reassurance and demonstrating understanding • Those who touch others are seen as having enhanced status.

APPLICATIONS IN AVIATIONS • Most practice by licensed aircraft engineers to detect or trace the guilty person that responsible for that mistakes. . • Can be practice by head of department or group to detect whether his or her staffs is lying or be honest so further actions can be taken towards the guilty persons. • Also widely practice by airport officer to detect and trace peoples with bad intentions such as terrorist and drug smuggler.

Ansfield. They write. and Bell question the theoretical status of IDT. • There is no intriguing riddle or puzzle that needs to be solved. . “We cannot find the 'why' question in Buller and Burgoon's synthesis.CRITICISM AND FUTURE • DePaulo. and no central explanatory mechanism is ever described • Applaud Buller and Burgoon’s 18 propositions as a comprehensive description but fault the propositions for lacking the interconnectedness and predictive power necessary to qualify as a unifying theory • They also criticize IDT failing to distinguish between interactive communication. which emphasizes the situational and contextual aspects of communicative exchanges.