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Difinition Sclerenchyma Tissue Characteristic Position Kinds Function .

Sklerenkim network consists of cells that are dead and all parts of the cell wall thickened. . Sclerenchyma walls composed of cellulose. hemicellulose and lignin.Difinition Sclerenchyma is supporting tissues in plants.

Sclerenchyma Tissue .Picture 1.

Consists of cells that have died are no longer contain protoplasm. often oblique hole in the wall Wall middle lamella between adjacent cells is striking .Characteristic Cells are long. chewy and have lignin. Core network is not present and therefore consists of dead cells Not having growth-development Have secondary walls are thick. Uniformly thickened cell walls with lignin and sometimes so thick that the cell cavity or lumen there is no Are simple. narrow. usually pointed at both ends. thick and lignified.

perisicle.Position Sclerenchyma tissue usually found in the cortex. and between xylem and phloem Some are spread Some have gathered. accumulated each other that looks like a layer There are a channel on the stem .

Sclerenchyma that like line on the stem .

Kinds • Sclereid • Fiber .

and this is the substance that makes the network strong and hard Sometimes sclereid cells also contain a substance suberin and cutin.the gap round so it is a channel called "pit canal" or dots which can be branched line – branch.thickening .SCLEREID Characteristics of sclereid: Cells in the leaves and fleshy fruit contained more cells .nodes that narrow the gap . Has nodes . Sclereid cell wall composed of cellulose and lignin contains many thick and hard.cells lying scattered stones. Cell lumen is very narrow with respect to the formation of thickening .

such as tree bark phloem. for example on the leaves or stems of lotus (tumb. • Trikosklereid is sklereid elongated thread-like with a regular branching.SCEREID BASED ON THE SHAPE • Brakisklereid or stone cells which form almost isodiametrik. Hidrofit ) .

for example Leguminoceae • Osteosklereid is sklereid shaped bone with enlarged ends and sometimes branched. such as the seed coats plants Dycotiledoneae.• Makrosklereid is a rod-shaped or tubular sklereid can be found on the seed coat nuts. .

.• Asterosklereid is sklereid branches shaped like stars are found on the leaves.

On longitudinal slices. Elasticity is quite large. Quite thick and consists of wood substance. There were scattered. On cross-sectional.SERAT ( FIBER ) Characteristics: Composed of cells and fibers are sufficiently long dead. the fibers form a long tapered coil. fibers shaped polygon. Separate strands or in the form . gathered or line in the trunk.

. xylem fibers that is an integral part in developing xylem and from the same meristem tissue as xylem elements of the other.BASED ON THE POSITION. FIBER OF SCLERENCHYM DIVIDED BY: According to Esau 1. which is located in the network system and extra xylem fibers located outside tissue system.

very thick walls and a number of node bit. is an intermediate form between tracheids and and libriform. Fiber libriform like phloem fibers and are usually longer than the plant tracheids. but a speck smaller than that of the tracheids.Xylem fibers divided into two. node fiber tracheids relatively sheltered. namely:  Libriform fiber. Various forms of dots present in tracheids.  Tracheids fiber. .

etc. Tracheids are generally difficult to distinguish because of the location and function very closely • Fibers extraxilar: Generally a panjag elements with pointed tip. blunt or forked and very thick walls that form lignin. shape.2. Xylem fibers are part of a growing tissue vessels and prokambium. • Fibers xilar: The structure is highly variable due to the size. Xylem extra fiber Commonly used in industrial fields as commercial products such as clothing materials. Fiber layer deepen secondary wall. cell wall thickness varies. . the tissue that produces a tissue vessle. gloves. contains a lot of cellulose and lignin bit.

According Eames : Bast fibers (in cortex) Wood fibers (in part of wood) .

• Fruits and fiber to help spread their seeds to the wind. . flexibility and elasticity to the body of the plant.Function • • • • As an ancillary tool Protect and strengthen the inside of the cell Provide mechanical strength to the plant body. • Provide mechanical support for the plant to provide rigidity. Sklerenkim fiber activity to protect plants from various stresses and strains of environmental factors.