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Copyright ©2011 Fairchild Books

All rights reserved. No part of this presentation covered by the copyright hereon may be reproduced or used in any form or by any means–graphic, electronic, or mechanical,

InFashion: Fun! Fame! Fortune! 2nd Edition

including photocopying, recording, taping, or information storage and retrieval systems– without written permission of the publisher.

ISBN: 978-1-60901-308-0 GST R 133004424

Elaine Stone

Part Two

The Primary Level—The Materials of Fashion

Chapter Five

Textiles: Fibers and Fabrics

Key Concepts

The difference between a natural fiber and a manufactured fiber The major steps in the production of most fabrics The effect of imports on the U.S. fiber and fabric industries The effects of new technology on textiles

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Introduction

Textile fiber and textile fabric manufacturers are considered primary suppliers

Makers of trimmings are also at the primary level of the fashion business

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The Fiber Industry
Fiber Yarn Fabrics
• Natural fabrics
• Manufactured fabrics

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History and Development
The Development of Natural Fibers
• Cotton • Wool • Silk

• Flax
• Ramie • Hemp • Other

animal
fibers

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The Development of Manufactured Fibers
Produced on a spinnerette
Generic Names for Manufactured Fibers
• Generic names • Brand names

Microfibers

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Organization and Operation

The Natural Fiber Industry The Manufactured Fiber Industry Fiber Development Fiber Distribution
• As unbranded products
• As branded or trademarked products • Under a licensing agreement

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Merchandising and Marketing
Advertising and Publicity

Research and Development
Customer Services Trends in the Fiber Industry

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The Textile Fabric Industry
Textile fabric
• Weaving
• Knitting • Braiding • Knotting

• Laminating
• Felting • Chemical bonding

Greige goods

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Organization and Operation

The pace of mergers and acquisitions continues to accelerate Rise of textile imports Market centers for textile fabrics are not at the mills but in New York City

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Merchandising and Marketing
The Industry’s Fashion Experts Textile Trade Shows and Fairs

Advertising and Publicity
Research and Development

The Green Scene
Customer Services
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Trends in the Textile Fabric Industry
Major trends:
• Innovations in high-tech fabrics • Growing global competition

• Increased exports
• Greater diversification of products • Increased government regulations • New technology and equipment
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Trends in the Textile Fabric Industry
Production of High-Tech Fabrics Protective Uses of High-Tech Fabrics
• Use of High-Tech Fabrics and Materials in Apparel

Growing Global Competition Increased Exports Greater Diversification of Products Increased Government Regulation New Technology in Equipment
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Trade Talk

brand names fabrics fiber

microfiber primary supplier spinnerette

generic names
geotextiles greige goods

textile fabric
trimmings wicking

high-tech fabric
manufactured fibers

yarn

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