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CHILDHOOD MALNUTRITION IN SOUTH ASIA

Denielle Saitta

CHILDHOOD MALNUTRITION IN SOUTH ASIA

Denielle Saitta

Why is this Relevant?


Most important risk factor for illness and death Childs growth and development Their futures

Topic Previews

The history of malnutrition and define what

is malnutrition

Look at how malnutrition disturbs South Asia

How the children of South Asia are effected Efforts being done to help this region

What is malnutrition?
Malnutrition is a general term that indicates an absence of some or all nutritional elements necessary for

human health

Types of Malnutrition
Micronutrient Malnutrition

Protein-Energy Malnutrition

A lack of vitamins and minerals that are need in ones body Vitamin and mineral deficiencies

The absence of enough protein and food that provides energy

History of Malnutrition

World Malnutrition
Malnutrition has long been recognized as a consequence of poverty. It is widely accepted that higher rates of malnutrition will be found in areas with chronic widespread poverty South Asia has one of the highest rates of malnutrition in the world and nearly double the rate of Sub-Saharan Africa

South Asia Malnutrition


Poor people are most likely to suffer from hunger and malnutrition. In poor countries, natural disasters can contribute to malnutrition because they make it hard for people to get the food that they need

Household food insecurity, inadequate caring practices and inadequate access to basic health services, together with an unhealthy environment, are the underlying causes of inadequate dietary intake and disease, and consequently of malnutrition

Malnourished Children
More than 70 percent of the world's underweight live in just 10 countries, with more than 50 per cent located in South Asia alone

Effect on Child Development


Malnourished children tend not to reach their potential, physically or mentally, and they do worse at school than they otherwise would.

Childhood Development
Physical

Mental

Malnutrition increases the risk of infection and infectious disease, weakened immune system Low amounts of energy, reduced amount of play and exploratory activities. Reduced amount of interaction with environment

Impacts on education attainment Impaired function of the brain Dulled motivation and curiosity

Strides Toward Improvement


The World Bank


Ready-to-use Therapeutic

Food (RUTF)

Global Harvest Alliance (GHA)

The World Bank


The World Bank is a vital source of financial and technical assistance to developing countries around the world.

Work alongside developing countries to help aid reforms and boost effectiveness

The World Banks mission

Ready-to-use-Therapeutic Food
Are foods designed for specific, usually nutritional, therapeutic purposes as a form of dietary supplement

RUTFs require no preparation and have a long shelf life.

Young child eating Plumpy Nut, a RUTF food product.

Global Harvest Alliance

To Finish

Explained importance of childhood malnutrition Told you exactly what malnutrition is and some history Showed you both South Asia and the children there effected by Informed you about efforts made to help this problem

THANK YOU & THE END


Any questions?

Bibliography
Article Source Shashidhar, Harohalli. Malnutrition. Medscape Reference. (2009 ): 5-7. 21 September 2011. <http://reference.medscape.com/>. Internet Sources 2011 World Hunger and Poverty Facts and Statistics. 17 August 2011. Hunger Notes. 21 September 2011. <http://www.worldhunger.org/>. An End to World Hunger: Hope for the Future. 2000. Think Quest. 21 September 2011. <http://library.thinkquest.org/>. Creative Solutions For Child Malnutrition in South Asia. 15 March 2010. South Asia Investor Review. 21 September 2011. <http://southasiainvestor.blogspot.com/>. Global Effort to End Childhood Malnutrition. 2011. The Preventative Health Journal. 21 September 2011. <http://thephj.com/>. Malnutrition and Poverty. 22 April 2010. Asian Development Bank Institute. 21 September 2011. <http://www.adbi.org/>. Nutrition. 2011. World Food Programme. 21 September 2011. <http://www.wfp.org/>. South Asia: Data, Projects, and Research. 19 April 2010. The World Bank. 21 September 2011. <http://www.worldbank.org/>.