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AIRCONDITIONING

TYPES OF AIR CONDITIONERS

The selection of equipment for heating, cooling & ventilating is a complex design decision that must balance with: * * * * * * * * * Heating Cooling needs Energy efficiency Humidity control Potential for natural ventilation Adherence to codes and standards Outdoor air quantity and quality Indoor air quality and Cost.

Air conditioning is a process which cools (or heats), cleans, circulates, freshens air & control its moisture content simultaneously.
Humidifiers Air heaters

Fresh Air inlet Air Filters Air coolers

Blower fan

Sequential activities related to making conditioned air

Conditioned air is circulated by compression & suction created by the blower/centrifugal flow fan. Both supply & return are parts of air circulation system.

TYPES OF AIR CONDITIONING

Central Air Conditioning System

AHU based Compartmental Air Conditioning System Unit Air Conditioners Ductable Split AC

Unit Air Conditioning System

Packaged Type

Non Ductable

The systems are basically the same as far as making the conditioned air is concerned, the only difference being where it is prepared and methods of supply & return.

CENTRAL AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM

Centrally placed plant distributing air to all use spaces with use of ducting network. Nearly 80% of air returned back by return air ducts. Situated along with ancillary plants & equipments preferably on GF. Delivers air to weather maker rm. From where it is circulated vertically & horizontally. Central Air Conditioning & Heating System

AHU BASED AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM


Air Handling Units

For preparation of conditioned air building is divided part wise and floor wise which is managed by AHUs. These self functioning units are conditioning air and supplying it to use spaces Nearly 60-70% of air returned back by return air ducts to AHUs. No vertical connection between AHUs for fire fire safety. Chilled water @ 5-7 deg C is supplied by insulated Cu tubes from chiller plants. Used water is returned back. Chilling plant for AC load of more than 50 TR.

SPLIT SYSTEM OF AIR CONDITIONING

Single or Multi Split- Ductable or Non Ductable. Works on principle of splitting or division of Unit AC System. Reason being mainly the problem of getting external wall for fresh air & release of hot air. Refrigerating machine along with noise generating units like compressors are kept away. Ceiling, Floor or Wall mounted.

WINDOW UNIT AIR CONDITIONING


A window air conditioner unit implements a complete air conditioner in a small space. The units are made small enough to fit into a standard window frame. It contains: A compressor An expansion valve A hot coil (on the outside) A chilled coil (on the inside) Two fans A control unit

The fans blow air over the coils to improve their ability to dissipate heat (to the outside air) and cold (to the room being cooled).

AIR CONDITIONING & HEATING WITH ROOM UNITS


Room units condition the air in one room Self-contained systems Cooling only or heating/cooling models Units that provide heating can use electric strip heaters or reverse-cycle refrigeration (heat pump) Some units can be used to condition the air in more than one room

ROOM AIR CONDITIONING: COOLING


Can be window or though-the-wall type units Most units have one fan motor that is used for both the evaporator and condenser (2 shafts) Unit capacity ranges from 4,000 to 24,000 btu/h Units can be front or top discharge Units can be fixed to the case or have a chassis that slides out of the case (sleeve) Slide-out chassis are easier to service Installed in the window or through the wall Units should have a dedicated electric circuit Unit must be properly supported Air must be able to circulate freely Through the wall units can be installed during building construction (sleeves are installed when walls are constructed and the units are slid in afterwards)

INSIDE

OUTSIDE

Brace kit supplied with unit

Supply air to the space

Window unit with front discharge

Return air to the unit

Wall unit with top air discharge


Supply air to the space

Return air to the unit