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What is renewable energy? Types of energy
Introduction of energy



WHAT IS RENEWABLE ENERGY?? Energy exists freely in nature. Renewable energy resources are always available to be tapped. It also called as GREEN ENERGY . and will not run out.

WHEN CAN ENERGY BE CALLED RENEWABLE? 1. When it source cannot run out or can easily be replace When their sources are carbon neutral (not produce carbon) When they DO NOT pollute the environment . 3. 2.




Tapping the sun energy does not usually destroyed the environment. Technology use to convert sun’s power electricity does not produce smoke II. .SOLAR ENERGY Energy from the SUN It is called renewable energy because I.

BENEFITS SOLAR ENERGY Its FREE!!! Possible to generate electricity Require little maintenance Silent producer of energy (no noise made from photovoltaic) Does not cause pollution .

colle ctor.panels and cells are expensive to manufactur e Can only be harnessed when it is day time and sunny Large area of land are required to captured the sun energy .DISADVANTAGES Solar power station.


Hydroelectric power (HEP) schemes store water high up in dams. The water has gravitational potential energy which is released when it falls.HYDRO(WATER) ENERGY Moving water has kinetic energy This can be transferred into useful energy in different ways. .

.As the water rushes down through pipes. which turns electricity generators. this stored energy is transferred to kinetic energy.

Potential energy kinetic energy by water flowing through the pipes with high speed. More electricity is produced if the water is more in the reservoir Sluice Gates: These can open and close to regulate the amount of water that is released into the pipes. This way. To build a dam there has to be valleys and rivers that flow all year round. The force and high pressure in the water turns a series of shafts in a generator. . This will help with the building and success of the dam. This is then transported via cables to homes and factories.The Dam is built to retain the water. Spinning shafts in the generator charges millions of coils and magnets to create electricity. the fullest effect of the waters kinetic energy can be tapped. which is regulated by a transformer.

ADVANTAGES Electricity can be produces at constant rate If electricity is not needed the Sluice Gate can be shut. stopping electricity generation The water can be saved for used another time when electricity demand is high The dam can help to produce electricity for many years The lake form behind the dam can be used for water sport and leisure activities Electricity produce by dam do not produce green house gasses DO NOT POLLUTE THE ENVIRONMENT .

DISADVANTAGES • Extremely expansive • Need high maintenance to prevent the dam break can cause flooding that lead to fatal • Can caused serious geological damage .


driven by heat energy from the Sun. . -This means as long as the sun shines. there will be wind.WHAT IS WIND POWER? -Wind is caused by huge convection currents in the Earth's atmosphere.

and is replaced by cooler air from land .http://www. The heated air is lighter and it rises. In the night the reverse happens. Air over the water is warmer and rises. When the sun comes up.html The earth's surface has both land and water. the air over the land heats up quicker than that over The cooler air is denser and it falls and replaced the air over the land.

which spin a shaft. then on to homes. • The wind turns the blades. . business and schools.• The moving air (wind) has huge amounts of kinetic energy electrical energy using wind turbines. • The electricity is sent through transmission and distribution lines to a substation. which connects to a generator and makes electricity.

-The largest wind turbine in the world. -Wind energy is the fastest growing segment of all renewable energy sources . -An average wind speed of 14 miles per hour is needed to convert wind energy into electricity. located in Hawaii. stands 20 stories tall and has blades the length of a football field.

.ADVANTAGES • The wind is FREE!!! • Does not cause pollution • Take up only a small plot of land • One wind turbine can produce enough electricity to power up to 300 homes.

DISADVANTAGES • • • • Strength of the wind is not constant Wind turbine are noisy The structure are not interesting Large wind farm are needed to provide entire communities with enough electricity .

List all the sources that can contribute to renewable energy? 3. Where is the largest wind turbine located? . What is the renewable energy? 2.Q&A 1.