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TIG WELDING

Heliarc
TIG
GTAW Gas Tungsten Arc Welding
Gtaw.ppt gmd 5/27/98 1

ppt gmd 5/27/98 2 .COMPONENTS OF A TIG SYSTEM HELIARC TORCH (AIR or WATER COOLED) REGULATOR/FLOWMETER SHIELDING GAS WORK PIECE CONSTANT CURRENT POWER SUPPLY WATER COOLER (OPTIONAL) Gtaw.

ppt gmd 5/27/98 3 .PROCESS ADVANTAGES  Cleanest weld metal mechanical properties puddle control  Excellent  Excellent Gtaw.

PROCESS DISADVANTAGES  Low deposition rates weld cost  Higher  Greater operator skill required Gtaw.ppt gmd 5/27/98 4 .

BASIC PROCESS Gas Cup Shielding Gas Electrode ( ) CC POWER SUPPLY Arc Puddle Work ( ) Gtaw.ppt gmd 5/27/98 5 .

Straight Polarity    Deep / Narrow Penetration CS. SS.DCEN . Cu. Ni Electrode    (-) CC POWER SUPPLY 2% / Red Pointed 1/16”-125A (+)  HF-Start Gtaw.ppt gmd 5/27/98 6 .

DCEP .ppt .Reverse Polarity   Wide / Shallow Penetration Electrode    (+) CC POWER SUPPLY Over Heats Increase Size 1/4”-125A  Cleaning Action On Aluminum gmd 5/27/98 7 (-) Gtaw.

AC    Cleans Al & Mg Good Penetration Electrode    ( ) POWER Pure / Green Ball 3/32”-125A SUPPLY ( )  HF-Cont.ppt gmd 5/27/98 8 . Gtaw.

PENETRATION COMPARISIONS DCEN _ 1/16” 1/4” 3/32” DCEP AC _ 125 amps Gtaw.ppt gmd 5/27/98 9 .

CLEANING DCEN Oxide Layer Arc DCEP Electrode (Negative Half Cycle) (Positive Half Cycle) Melt Zone Penetration Gtaw.ppt gmd 5/27/98 Cleaning 10 .AC .

These arc outages cause a loss of cleaning and instability in the welding arc.RECTIFICATION   Rectification occurs when the electrons do not want to emit from the work piece to the electrode during the positive half cycle. + _ Rectification Gtaw.ppt gmd 5/27/98 11 .AC .

ppt gmd 5/27/98 12 .HIGH FREQUENCY  DC Welding  Used for arc starting  Eliminates electrode and weld contamination  AC Welding  Used for arc starting  Insures arc ignition every half cycle Gtaw.

ppt gmd 5/27/98 Reduces Peak Half Cycle Current Reduces Cycle Time 13 .SQUARE WAVE  Eliminates rectification  Insures good cleaning  Improves arc stability + _ Gtaw.AC .

BALANCE CONTROL   Controls amount of cleaning vs penetration in the welding arc Helps eliminate tungsten spitting BALANCED .AC .50/50 UNBALANCED .ppt gmd 5/27/98 MAX.35/65 + _ MAX. CLEANING Gtaw. PENETRATION 14 .

higher current carrying capacity. gaining15use as a safer alternative . gaining use as a safer alternative Lanthanated Gtaw. low current capacity Thoriated Better arc starting.ppt gmd 5/27/98 Similar properties to ceriated tungsten. resistant to comtamination Zirconiated Has properties of both pure and thoriated with greater stability for AC welding Ceriated Similar properties to thoriated tungsten.Types of Tungsten Electrodes Pure Least expensive.

SS. Ti Higher currents Better starts . Ni.ppt gmd 5/27/98 Pure Green AC Ball Al. Cu.TUNGSTEN ELECTRODES Most Commonly Used Type Color Current Shape Uses Benefits Gtaw. Mg Self balling 16 2% THORIATED Red DC Point CS.

Variations & Effects of Electrode Tip Geometry 15° 60° 120° Penetration Profiles of GTAW SOP.ppt gmd 5/27/98 17 . 150a/dc @ 2s 100% Argon Gtaw.

SHIELDING GASES  ARGON  Best arc stability  Best shielding  Best cleaning action  HELIUM  Increases penetration and heat  Increases welding speed  ARGON/HELIUM MIXTURES  Combines benefits of both gases 18 Gtaw.ppt gmd 5/27/98 .

ppt gmd 5/27/98 19 .ARC FORCE CONTROL USED FOR STICK WELDING ONLY  INCREASES SHORT CIRCUIT CURRENT   EASIER TO STRIKE ARC  INCREASES CURRENT AT LOW VOLTAGES (SHORT ARC LENGTHS)  HELPS PENETRATE TIGHT JOINTS  HELPS KEEP ARC ALIVE AT LOW CURRENTS AND VOLTAGES Gtaw.