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Natural Phenomena

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Aurora

• Johanes. T • Leticia • Marcella • Steven. D • Vilencia. N

the auroral zone expands to lower latitudes. Most aurorae occur in a band known as the auroral zone. . caused by the collision of energetic charged particles with atoms in the high altitude atmosphere (thermosphere).An aurora (plural: aurorae or auroras) is a natural light display in the sky particularly in the high latitude (Arctic and Antarctic) regions. During a geomagnetic storm. The charged particles originate in the magnetosphere and solar wind and. on Earth. The auroral zone is typically 10° to 20° from the magnetic pole defined by the axis of the Earth's magnetic dipole. which is typically 3° to 6° in latitudinal extent and at all local times or longitudes. are directed by the Earth's magnetic field into the atmosphere.

Discrete aurorae are usually seen in only the night sky. to bright enough to read a newspaper by at night. because they are not as bright as the sunlit sky. which are generally invisible to the naked eye. . It defines the extent of the auroral zone.Aurorae are classified as diffuse or discrete. Aurorae occasionally occur poleward of the auroral zone as diffuse patches or arcs (polar cap arcs). The discrete aurorae are sharply defined features within the diffuse aurora that vary in brightness from just barely visible to the naked eye. even on a dark night. The diffuse aurora is a featureless glow in the sky that may not be visible to the naked eye.

named after the Roman goddess of dawn. the effect is known as the aurora borealis (or the northern lights). and the Greek name for the north wind. the auroras were commonly believed to be a sign from God. The aurora borealis most often occurs near the equinoctes. Auroras seen near the magnetic pole may be high overhead. In Medieval Europe. Boreas. and can change within seconds or glow unchanging for hours. Discrete aurorae often display magnetic field lines or curtain-like structures. . The Cree call this phenomenon the "Dance of the Spirits". but from farther away. most often in fluorescent green. The northern lights have had a number of names throughout history. as if the Sun were rising from an unusual direction.In northern latitudes. they illuminate the northern horizon as a greenish glow or sometimes a faint red. by Pierre Gassendi in 1621. Aurora.

It is visible from high southern latitudes in Antarctica. the aurora australis (or the southern lights). Similar to the Earth's aurora. Aurorae occur on other planets. and Australia. Modern style guides recommend that the names of meteorological phenomena. has features that are almost identical to the aurora borealis and changes simultaneously with changes in the northern auroral zone. be uncapitalized. South America.Its southern counterpart. such as aurora borealis. they are visible close to the planet's magnetic poles. New Zealand. .

. It happened because there’s an interaction between earth’s magnetic field and planets with particles which are emitted by sun rays.terjadi akibat interaksi antara medan magnetic bumi & planet2 dengan partikel2 yg dipancarkan cahaya matahari. Aurorae happen around north pole and south pole.Aurora terjadi di sekitar kutub utara dan selatan.

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