HISTOLOGI MATA

Ika Fidianingsih

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Chambers of Eye

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ciliary body and Iris Inner: Retina has two layers (outer pigment and inner neuronal) .Layers outer: corneo – scleral Middle: Uvea with its choroid.

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CORNEA 7 .

Histology of Cornea .

if there is endothelial damage  corneal edema and corneal opacity – avascular • Sclera – Dense connective tissue of flat collagen fibers and meshwork of elastic fibers • Limbus – transition zone – Has irido.Histology of Corneo – scleral coat • Cornea – How cornea is transparent? – By precise regulation of water in stroma.corneal angle for drainage of aqueous humor ( canal of schlemn) .

Choroid & Sclera 10 .

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Layers outer: corneo – scleral Middle: Uvea with its choroid. ciliary body and Iris Inner: Retina has two layers (outer pigment and inner neuronal) .

pupil is central aperture. under sympathetic control (superior cervical ganglion).most anterior part.Vascular coat (Uvea) • Iris. has ciliary muscle with three functional groups : – longitudinal – for drainage of aqueous. posterior pigment epithelium and myoepithelial layer next.reduce tension on lens for near vision . causes increased pupillary size in response to dim light • Ciliary body –anterior part is ciliary process. form anterior pigment epithelium. Muscle of adaptation • Sphincter pupillae – circular band of SMC. – circular. causes reduced size of pupil in response to light • Dilator pupillae – radially oriented pigmented myoepithelial cells. – radial – flatten the lens for distant vision. parasympathetic control ( CN III). forms diaphragm.

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Ciliary process 17 .

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Medium magnification. note the lens fibers. The lens capsule is a thick basement membrane containing collagen type IV and laminin. Picrosirius-hematoxylin. LENS 19 . Below the subcapsular epithelium. becoming thin. which appears stained in red. The subcapsular epithelium secretes the lens capsule.Section of the anterior portion of the lens. elongated. transparent structures. which are cells that have lost their nuclei and organelles.

New lens fibers are produced through out the life Presbyopia – decreased elasticity and power of accommodation with age • Cataract – loss of transparency. avascular. metabolic. biconvex. hereditary. Lens capsule – type IV collagen.Crystalline lens • • • • Transparent. UV light . causes can be infections. trauma.

Crystalline lens .

Layers outer: corneo – scleral Middle: Uvea with its choroid. ciliary body and Iris Inner: Retina has two layers (outer pigment and inner neuronal) .

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Photoreceptors outer segments 3. Pigment epithelium 2. Inner nuclear layer 7. Outer nuclear layer 5. Nerve fiber layer 10.1. Outer plexiform layer 6. Ganglion cell layer 9. Outer limiting membrane 4. Inner plexiform layer 8. Inner limiting membrane 24 .

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M. for color vision • Sel epitel pigmen : – mencegah pantulan cahaya – berisi chemical machinary untuk turnover/regenerasi fotoresptor – Barier – Fagositosis . have maximum absorption at 496 nm of light ( black and white pictures) • Cones – less in # (7million).Retina • Rods – more in # (12 million). 531(green) and 588 nm (red) of light. used in dim or night light). less sensitive to light ( for day vision). more sensitive to light. have absorption at 420 (blue). three classes (L.S).

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Fovea  greatest visual acuity 29 .

Optic disk  blind spot 30 .

Fovea  greatest visual acuity 31 .

Fovea  greatest visual acuity 32 .

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