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HISTOLOGI MATA

Ika Fidianingsih

Chambers of Eye

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Layers

outer: corneo scleral

Middle: Uvea with its choroid, ciliary body and Iris Inner: Retina has two layers (outer pigment and inner neuronal)

CORNEA

Histology of Cornea

Histology of Corneo scleral coat


Cornea How cornea is transparent? By precise regulation of water in stroma, if there is endothelial damage corneal edema and corneal opacity avascular Sclera Dense connective tissue of flat collagen fibers and meshwork of elastic fibers Limbus transition zone Has irido- corneal angle for drainage of aqueous humor ( canal of schlemn)

Choroid & Sclera

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Layers

outer: corneo scleral

Middle: Uvea with its choroid, ciliary body and Iris Inner: Retina has two layers (outer pigment and inner neuronal)

Vascular coat (Uvea)


Iris- most anterior part, forms diaphragm, pupil is central
aperture, posterior pigment epithelium and myoepithelial layer next,
Muscle of adaptation Sphincter pupillae circular band of SMC, parasympathetic control ( CN III), causes reduced size of pupil in response to light Dilator pupillae radially oriented pigmented myoepithelial cells, form anterior pigment epithelium, under sympathetic control (superior cervical ganglion), causes increased pupillary size in response to dim light

Ciliary body anterior part is ciliary process, has ciliary muscle with three functional groups : longitudinal for drainage of aqueous, radial flatten the lens for distant vision, circular- reduce tension on lens for near vision

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Ciliary process

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Section of the anterior portion of the lens. The subcapsular epithelium secretes the lens capsule, which appears stained in red. The lens capsule is a thick basement membrane containing collagen type IV and laminin. Below the subcapsular epithelium, note the lens fibers, which are cells that have lost their nuclei and organelles, becoming thin, elongated, transparent structures. Picrosirius-hematoxylin. Medium magnification.

LENS

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Crystalline lens
Transparent, avascular, biconvex, Lens capsule type IV collagen, New lens fibers are produced through out the life Presbyopia decreased elasticity and power of accommodation with age Cataract loss of transparency, causes can be infections, metabolic, hereditary, trauma, UV light

Crystalline lens

Layers

outer: corneo scleral

Middle: Uvea with its choroid, ciliary body and Iris Inner: Retina has two layers (outer pigment and inner neuronal)

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1. Pigment epithelium 2. Photoreceptors outer segments 3. Outer limiting membrane 4. Outer nuclear layer 5. Outer plexiform layer 6. Inner nuclear layer 7. Inner plexiform layer 8. Ganglion cell layer 9. Nerve fiber layer 10. Inner limiting membrane
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Retina
Rods more in # (12 million), more sensitive to light, used in
dim or night light), have maximum absorption at 496 nm of light ( black and white pictures)

Cones less in # (7million), three classes (L,M,S), less


sensitive to light ( for day vision), have absorption at 420 (blue), 531(green) and 588 nm (red) of light, for color vision

Sel epitel pigmen :


mencegah pantulan cahaya berisi chemical machinary untuk turnover/regenerasi fotoresptor Barier Fagositosis

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Fovea
greatest visual acuity
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Optic disk
blind spot

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Fovea
greatest visual acuity
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Fovea
greatest visual acuity
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