You are on page 1of 1

eBooks, Universal Design for Learning, and accessibility: The role of authors in increasing opportunities

Loui Lord Nelson, Ph.D. RAISE, Inc

* Those who are involved with AUCD support the full inclusion of individuals with disabilities * Many who are involved with AUCD write important works promoting the full inclusion of individuals with disabilities * Many who are involved with AUCD are viewed as influential leaders within the field and are considered experts by those in the larger community.

What is UDL
Universal Design for Learning (UDL) is a collection of researched theories and practices from the learning sciences (e.g., education and educational psychology) and the brain sciences (e.g., cognitive science and neuroscience) that are organized into a framework. The framework is divided into categories based on three brain networks which are most closely associated with learning. These include the affective network, the recognition network, and the strategic network. The networks are labeled and further clarified, respectively, by the terms engagement, representation, and action & expression. These terms are identified as the principles of UDL. Under the principles are guidelines and checkpoints, all of which further clarify how the brain networks can be awakened. The most significant step in implementing UDL is during the design phase. This is precisely when UDL moves from research to practice.

Designing a manuscript using UDL

*ENGAGEMENT Provide options for self-regulation
- Ability to link between chapters to clarify terms - Ability to link from index to identified book location

Examples from the manuscript

Request hyperlinking within the manuscript:
A table with suggested descriptors is in Chapter 2 [hyperlink to Chapter 2, Attachment 1].

Provide options for sustaining effort and persistence

- Hold fast to the goal of each section and chapter - Encourage collegial conversations

Request hyperlinking within the manuscript:

[hyperlink to Chapter 4, p. 4]

Provide options for recruiting interest

- Order of book depends on reader needs (e.g., begin with Section 1 if new, skip to Section 3 if you know UDL) - All stories and examples directly relate to the roles of anticipated readers

* Publishers are able to publish information digitally

* Publishers now have increased access to platforms which allow digital readers and devices greater accessibility to digital publications * Universal Design for Learning provides the guidance necessary to make instructional materials, such as publications, accessible When authors write, they do more than put words on a page; they introduce new ways to think about ideas, concepts, and information.
* Live links to additional information

Identifying the illustration to be added AND the alternative text that should accompany the illustration:
[Insert illustration of a castle and pathways leading to a river approximately here] [Alt tag: Represents many ways to accomplish a single goal]

*REPRESENTATION Provide options for comprehension

- Provide link to information in previous chapter - Provide supporting visuals with short/long descriptions

Identifying the preferred placement of a video:

[eBook: Insert Video 7.1 approximately here. Listen to Matt Roberts talk about the process of designing a goal.]

Provide options for language, mathematical expressions, and symbols

- Interview videos provide voice to concepts

Provide options for perception

- With EPUB3, digital users have more control over the display of the information

An excerpt from Chapter 7

A QR Code will be in this area on November 18th
from Design and Deliver: Planning and Teaching Using Universal Design for Learning (November 2013, Brookes Publishing) or email Loui Lord Nelson at:

*ACTION & EXPRESSION That authors affiliated with AUCD move toward the development of publications which are, by design, accessible to all readers. *Accessible materials are designed or converted in a way that makes them usable across the widest range of [individual] variability regardless of format (print, digital, graphical, audio, video)
UDL at a Glance

Provide options for executive functions

- Ability to move throughout the book in desired order

Provide options for expression and communication

-Embedded multiple media (videos) and ability to use readers

Provide options for physical action

- Can be read on multiple digital devices * Live links to CASTs website and further information
* Live link to additional information

Another eBook example is Universal Design for Learning Theory and Practice. Location information will be available on November 18th

David Rose, Ed.D., founder and Chief Education Officer, describing the framework