ENGINEERING AS CAREER

WHAT IS ENGINEERING AND WHY ENGINEERING?

WHAT IS ENGINEERING ?
• Engineering (en je-nir-ing, n.) is the art of applying scientific and mathematical principles, experience, judgment and common sense to make things that benefit people. Engineers design bridges and lifesaving medical equipment, as well as the processes for cleaning up toxic spills and systems for mass transit. In other words, engineering is the process of producing a product or system.

WHAT IS ENGINEERING?
• According to Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary, Engineer is a person who designs, builds or maintains engines, machines, bridges, railways, mines etc and engineering is the practical application of scientific knowledge in the design, construction and control of machines, public services such as roads, bridges etc, electrical apparatus, chemicals etc. Engineering is the work, science or profession of an engineer.

REQUISITE QUALITIES
• A person must demonstrate the following to become an engineer in true sense: a. an ability to apply knowledge of mathematics, science, and engineering b. an ability to design and conduct experiments, as well as to analyze and interpret data c. an ability to design a system, component, or process to meet desired needs d. an ability to function on multi-disciplinary teams e. an ability to identify, formulate, and solve engineering problems

REQUISITE QUALITIES
f. an understanding of professional and ethical responsibility g. an ability to communicate effectively h. the broad education necessary to understand the impact of engineering solutions in a global and societal context i. a recognition of the need for, and an ability to engage in life-long learning j. a knowledge of contemporary issues k. an ability to use the techniques, skills, and
modern engineering tools necessary for engineering practice.

Who should study Engineering?

Only those who excel in science and love to innovate new gadgets/instruments/ equipments etc for the benefit of mankind will succeed in Engineering Education. Merely acquiring a BE/B.Tech. degree is not enough. Engineering is a lifelong education and engineers shall continue to keep abreast of the technology and contribute towards technology advancement. A solid foundation of classical theories is prerequisite to understanding of the state-of-the-art technologies.

WHY ENGINEERING?
• Engineering is the most versatile profession one can opt as a career. In fact engineering degree is so versatile that you can enter any area of economy whether it is banking, administrative service, tourism, defense service and many more in addition to main stream engineering profession. Unlike other professions, knowledge of the nature of engineering, and the role of engineers, is concerned with the design and production of so many objects, devices, and systems which are an integral part of our environment and day to day life. These systems are as vital to society as are our school, health care, and legal systems. Engineers probably have a wider choice of environment in which to work, and a greater variety of jobs, than is possible in any other profession.

WHY ENGINEERING?
• An engineering degree also opens doors to other careers. Engineering degree is the most versatile degree available in the present day education system in country like India. New generation careers like IT, Biotechnology, Bioinformatics, Genetic Enginnering etc are more suitable to students with engineering back ground than any other back ground. Many engineering graduates move into other professions, such as administrative service, medicine, law and business, where an engineering background is a valuable asset.

How to become an Engineer?
Degree (BE/B.Tech etc) and post graduate degree courses offered by engineering colleges, universities, National Institute of Technology (NIT) and Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) • Over and above the BE/B.Tech. programs conducted by engineering colleges/ NITs/IITs and other central institutes, there are professional bodies recognized by government of India to give AMIE (Associate Member of Institution of Engineers) equivalent to any degree in engineering to cater mainly to working people in the private and public sectors.
• • In our country to become an engineer, one has to acquire a qualification in engineering from any of the recognized institution.

How to become an Engineer?
• To enter any engineering college one has to pass the HS(10+2) with Physics, Chemistry & Mathematics. Some colleges specify minimum percentage of marks between 50-60. Where as no cut off percentage is required to enter IIT. • However all the engineering colleges in the country admit students on the basis of Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) barring a few. • So success in JEE is vital to become an Engineer.

BRANCHES OF ENGINEERING
• Starting with the Civil Engineering, Engineering profession has come a long way and there are now hundreds of branches of engineering and every year new branches are coming up. Here we shall discuss about the important branches of engineering only. The major branches of engineering are: 1. Aeronautical Engineering 2. Aerospace Engineering 3. Applied Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering 4. Architecture 5. Agricultural Engineering 6. Automobile Engineering

Branches of Engineering
7. Automation and Robotics 8. Bio-Medical Engineering 9. Bio-Technology 10. Bio-Engineering 11. Bio-Informatics 12. Bio-Medical Instrumentation Technology/Engine ering 13. Ceramic Engineering 14. Chemical Engineering 15. Civil Engineering 16. Computer Science and Engineering 17. Computer Software & Hardware Engineering 18. Electrical Engineering

Branches of Engineering
19. Electronics Engineering 20. Electronics & Telecommunication 21. Electronics and Communication Engineering 22. Electronics & Instrumentation 23. Environmental Engineering 24. Food Technology 25. Food Processing Technology 26. Food Processing & Preservation Technology 27. Industrial Engg. 28. Industrial BioTechnology 29. Information Technology 30. Instrumentation and Control Engineering

Branches of Engineering
31. Leather Technology 32. Interior Design 33. Marine Engineering 34. Materials Science & Technology 35. Metallurgy & Materials Science 36. Manufacture Engineering 37. Metallurgical Engineering 38. Mechanical Engineering 39. Mechatronics 40. Mining Engineering 41. Oil & Paint Technology 42. Ocean Engineering 43. Polymer Engineering

Branches of Enginering
44. Polymer Science and Rubber Technology 45. Printing Technology 46. Production Engineering 47. Pulp & Paper Technology 48. Planning 49. Sugar Technology

50.Textile Engg. & Technology 51.Transportation Engineering