Amity Business School


Information System Class-I Module -I

Anita venaik

Amity Business School

Module I:
• Module I: Information Systems In Business and Decision Support Process in Business Business Process, and role of Information Systems in Business Processes , Types of Management Support Systems,( Transaction Processing System, Management Information System, Decision Support Systems, Executive Support Systems and Strategic Information Systems, Components of Information Systems, Centralized and Decentralized Information Systems Role of Information in Decision Making Process, Steps in Decision Making , Levels of Decision Making , Types of Decision (Structured , Semi structured & Non Structured Decisions on Systems

Information Characteristics of Valuable Information What is a System? What is an Information System? CBIS Components Types of CBIS Different definitions of Information System .Amity Business School Objective • • • • • • • Data vs.

e.. a list of the numbers) •Information is a collection of facts organized (or processed) in such a way that they have additional value (i..e. a list of the class grades based on the exam score –In a way. information is data that has been transformed into a more useful form –Turning data into information is a process performed to achieve a defined outcome and requires knowledge .Amity Business School Data vs. Information •Data consists of raw facts (i.

e. symbols . numbers. text.Amity Business School Data • Data are raw facts and figures that on their own have no meaning • These can be any alphanumeric characters i.

Yes. Yes. 111234 None of the above data sets have any meaning until they are given a CONTEXT and PROCESSED into a useable form . No. 74. 86 111192. No. 96. 56. No. 63. Yes.Amity Business School Data Examples • • • • Yes. Yes 42.

Amity Business School Data Into Information • To achieve its aims the organisation will need to process data into information. • Data needs to be turned into meaningful information and presented in its most useful format • Data must be processed in a context in order to give it meaning .

Amity Business School Information • Data that has been processed within a context to give it meaning OR • Data that has been processed into a form that gives it meaning .

Amity Business School Examples • In the next 3 examples explain how the data could be processed to give it meaning • What information can then be derived from the data? .

Yes. Yes. Yes. No. Yes. Yes Context Processing Responses to the market research question – “Would you buy brand x at price y?” Information ??? .Amity Business School Example 1 Raw Data Yes. No. Yes. No. No.

74. 96.Amity Business School Example 2 Raw Data 42. 56. 63. 86 Context Processing Jayas scores in the six AS/A2 ICT modules Information ??? .

111234 Context Processing The previous and current readings of a customer’s gas meter Information ??? .Amity Business School Example 3 Raw Data 111192.

Amity Business School Knowledge • Knowledge is the understanding of rules needed to interpret information “…the capability of understanding the relationship between pieces of information and what to actually do with the information” .

Amity Business School Knowledge Examples • Using the 3 previous examples: – A Marketing Manager could use this information to decide whether or not to raise or lower price y – Jayas teacher could analyse the results to determine whether it would be worth her re-sitting a module – Looking at the pattern of the customer’s previous gas bills may identify that the figure is abnormally low and they are fiddling the gas meter!!! .

Amity Business School Summary Information = Data + Context + Meaning Processing Data – raw facts and figures Information – data that has been processed (in a context) to give it meaning .

• Example 2 – Adding Jaya scores would give us a mark out of 600 that could then be converted to an A level grade. • Example 3 – By subtracting the second value from the first we can work out how many units of gas the consumer has used. Alternatively we could convert the individual module results into grades.Amity Business School Suggested answers to examples • Example 1 – We could add up the yes and no responses and calculate the percentage of customers who would buy product X at price Y. This can then be multiplied by the price per unit to determine the customer’s gas bill. The information could be presented as a chart to make it easier to understand. .

” or fact. Information – Data • A “given. or a picture • Represents something in the real world • The raw materials in the production of information – Information • Data that have meaning within a context • Data in relationships • Data after manipulation . Information.Amity Business School Data. a number. a statement. and Systems • Data vs.

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Amity Business School Characteristics of Valuable Information • • • • • Accessible Accurate Complete Economical Relevant • • • • • Reliable Secure Simple Timely Verifiable .

Amity Business School Personal Dimensions of Information • The three personal dimensions of information include: – Time – Location – Form .

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Entertainment and enlightenment – Businesses .Amity Business School Information Systems • Why Do People Need Information? – Individuals .Decision making. problem solving and control .

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and delivers information relevant to an organization (or to society) in such a way that the information is accessible and useful to those who wish to use it.Amity Business School An information system is a system which assembles. stores. Organizations Technology Information Systems Management . clients. processes. staff. including managers. and citizens. An information system is a human activity (social) system which may or may not involve the use of computer systems.

(3) a database (4) a network (5 )procedures. processes. (2) software. analyzes. and disseminates information for a specific purpose. . • The major components of a computer-based information system (CBIS) can include (1) hardware.Amity Business School • An information systems is a collection of components that collects. and the software usually includes application programs which perform specific tasks for users. • The system operates in a social context. stores. and (6) people.

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