Oxygen Saturation

Outline

Background Knowledge
◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ Definition of special terms Example of SaO2 Respiration Range of heart rate Transportation of oxygen – the blood Hemoglobin Arterial blood versus venous blood

Background Knowledge
Definition of special terms (Medical)
   

SO2 Oxygen saturation
 Artery + Venous

SaO2

Arterial oxygen saturation
 95 – 98%  60 – 80%

SvO2Venous oxygen saturation SpO2 Pulse oxygen saturation
 Arterial oxygen saturation  Pulse oximeter used

Background Knowledge
Example of SaO2  Each hemoglobin is able to carry 4 oxygen molecules  As a result, when there are 100 hemoglobin, a total number of 400 oxygen molecules can be carried  When the number of oxygen carried = 380 then SaO2 = 380/400 * 100% = 95%

Background Knowledge
Respiration

Respiration = the process of gas exchange
◦ Takes oxygen in and carbon-dioxide out

Two levels of respiration
◦ Internal respiration (cellular respiration)
The use of O2 by our cells CO2 is the waste product

◦ External respiration (ventilation)
The exchange of O2 and CO2 between the atmosphere and body tissues

Background Knowledge
Range of heart rate (per minute)  Elderly : 55 - 60  Young people : 70 – 90  Below 8-year-old : 80 – 140
◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ 4–7 years old : 80 – 100 2-3 years old : 100 – 120 1-year-old : 110 – 130 Neonate : 120 - 140

Background Knowledge
Transportation of oxygen – the blood
White blood cell (minority)  Red blood cell (majority)

◦ Hemoglobin

Related illness – hypoxia
◦ Malfunction of hemoglobin
Carry other elements other than oxygen in artery system

◦ Detection using SaO2 measurement

Background Knowledge
Hemoglobin

4O2 + Hb <——> nH+ + Hb(O2)4

Background Knowledge
Arterial blood versus venous blood

Colour

◦ Artery: bright-red ◦ Venous : dark -red

SO2

◦ SaO2 : 95-98% ◦ SvO2 : 60-80%

As a result, the oxygen saturation determine the colour of both arterial and venous blood

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