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The British Isles = A geographical term Includes all islands & the Irish Republic (Eire)

Great Britain = The main island and its constituent countries (England, Scotland, Wales)

The United Kingdom (of Great Britain & Northern Ireland)

the official, constitutional title

of the state includes Northern Ireland and other islands (the Hebrides, Orkney, Shetland, Wight) doesnt include The Isle of Man, The Channel Islands. These are crown dependencies, with their own legal systems, parliaments.

Britains coastline = irregular, with many indentations.

Landscape: creates a natural division between the NW & the SE of the United Kingdom Consequence: land is fertile and easily cultivated in the SE. This has been the richest part of the country throughout history. NW: rough & high terrain with moors & pastures Hills & Mountains (the Pennines, the Cheviots, the Scottish highlands) = serious obstacles to transport & communication. The central government found it difficult to control these areas, which have therefore developed & maintained a strong sense of their own regional identities.

Temperate: warm summer & cold winters + precipitations The Gulf Stream (warm current of the Atlantic Ocean) mildness of the British climate Weather = changeable Temperature variation = small Temperatures: rarely above 32C or below -10C Rainfall: 1600 mm (mountainous areas); 800 mm (central and eastern parts); the further west and higher the elevation, the greater the rainfall. The Lake District: one of the wettest places in the UK

LOCALISED PATTERNS

WEAK SHAPE

FILLED COME

LIGHT SETTLE

CHANGEABLE MILD MASS EXTEND

You may already have some ideas that the British weather is going to be terrible, with rain and fog- 1). streets and constant gloomy days. Well, it is sometimes like that, particularly during the colder months. However, the weather is not that bad overall. It can be very changeable, but is normally 2). and temperate. In the summer months, it can be pleasant, with long sunny days. Also, the crisp days of spring and fall are a joy to many people. However, because the UK hasnt got the stabilizing influence of a large land 3)., the weather can be 4).. So keep an eye on weather reports. Weather 5). can be very 6). Therefore if you travel just 30 km when you are touring you may see a change of weather. Each year is slightly different from the previous one and seasonal changes come slowly. Rainfall is fairly 7)., but can 8)..on any day of the year. Mists and fog caused by sudden changes in temperature are a possibility at most times of the year in a few inland and coastal areas. They can, on rare occasions, 9).over most of the UK mainland. Light mists in the morning during the warmer months often mean a sunny day later. In the summer, sea mists sometimes roll in over coastal areas and 10).......... for a while. Often, though, they last for only one or two hours. So dont be quick to pack up and leave the beach!

It is the national flag of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. It is made up of three flags the crosses of St. George, St. Andrew and St. Patrick, which represent England, Scotland and Northern Ireland. It is also known as the Union Jack.

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Elizabeth II
I God save our gracious Queen, Long live our noble Queen, God save the Queen: Send her victorious, Happy and glorious, Long to reign over us: God save the Queen. II O, Lord, our God, arise Scatter her enemies And make them fall. Confound their politics Frustrate their knavish tricks On Thee our hopes we fix God save us all. III Thy choicest gifts in store On her be pleased to pour Long may she reign: May she defend our laws And ever give us cause To sing with heart and voice God save the Queen.