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Tutorial week 3

Draw up a table of specifications that reflect both the purpose and the objective of the test. Name:Nur Hayati Bt Jamiluddin : Siti Syarina Salwa Bt Ahmad J6

Madam Azizah Bt Abdul Kadir

What is a Table of Specifications (TOS)?

It is a tabular format that expresses the instructional goals and the intellectual reach of the
students that will be reflected as an assignment, learning activity, examination or final project, as such each unit correlates to a specific measurement that relates to one or more of Blooms taxonomy as address a specific learning outcome.

Intellectual goals speak to the critical thinking and analysis that the student is required to

demonstrate at a particular academic level. Hence in the assessment column the activities and assignment need to reflect the appropriate level.

Content, refers to the material that is to be covered in the particular course.

Why do we need a T.O.S.?

The T.O.S. is an instrument that is consistent with the student centred approach. It provides a study and examination guide for students. It solidifies the teacher/student contract. It ensures integrity and transparency for all concerned.

Provides a plan of action that is consistent with the Institution's academic goals.

How do you develop the T.O.S.?

Identify the key or critical subject areas, topics or unit that are to be examined by either formative
or summative evaluation.

Extract those elements which would have been expressed as unit headings. These comprise the
entries for the first column. In the column across the specific content area is to be noted.

The next column lists the key concepts or terminologies to be covered as well as those that
students should be exposed to and be familiar with.

In the next column the assessment activities that will be used to validate the content and
intellectual process are entered. Identify which of the taxonomy applies: skill ( tactile), knowledge (cognate) or attitude (affective).

How do you develop the T.O.S.? contd.

In the next column chapter readings from texts, journals or other academic publications are entered. These readings must
also be listed as either required, recommended or suggested readings on the course outline.

The second to last column has entries that speak to the application to faith based learning and the specific learning
outcome that is to be met.

The final column identifies the SL component that bears relevance to the subject area, topic or key component. On completion the T.O.S. provides a comprehensive plan that maps for the student the content and intellectual rigour

required and how that knowledge is relevant to and supported by service and faith based activities or assignments. It is the study road map for final examinations and other forms of formative or summative assessment. ( project, portfolio, debate, case analysis, production)

Table of specifications format

Subject Matter concepts, topics, ideas
In this column insert the topics and concepts from the course material

Learning Objectives
In these columns insert the learning objectives of the course or unit

Knowledge (recall)





Topic A Topic B Topic C


Example of table of specifications for paper ELT Methodology

Refer to Microsoft words.

Purpose and objective of test

According to the learning standards highlighted in the course. Eg: ELT Methodology

Review original course outline Highlight course and learning outcomes Extract instructional objective per unit, subject heading or topic, state as content.

Insert key concepts, terminologies or critical component. This will tip the student as to what
to expect on a written assessment or other assignment

Identify reading material by chapters for each unit with text, journal or on line publication,

Share T.O.S. with students so that they understand how it will act as a study and a final

Thank you=)