Hamilton’s streets are incomplete

Deputation to the General Issues Committee November 6, 2013 Sara Mayo Social Planning and Research Council of Hamilton

1) New data supporting need for Pedestrian Mobility Plan 2) Why Hamilton also needs a Complete Street policy

Pedestrians and cyclists are at higher risk of injury in Hamilton compared to Ontario

Hamilton as a percentage of Ontario's...

4.0% 4.1% 3.8% 5.4% 3.2% 5.8%

Fatal and injury motor vehicle collisions

Pedestrian commuters

Pedestrian injuries and fatalities

35%-42% higher risk of injury for pedestrians in Hamilton compared to Ontario 45%-81% higher risk of injury for cyclists in Hamilton compared to Ontario

Cyclist commuters

Cyclist injuries and fatalities

Data sources: 2010 Ontario Road Safety Report; 2008-2010 Hamilton Traffic Safety Status Report; 2011 Census; 2006 Census (Long form)

“This is an urgent issue. Seniors feel more and more trapped in their own homes, because crossing major intersections is more and more difficult. It’s harder and harder to get around because our streets are not safe.”
Corey Booker, Mayor Newark, New Jersey
Newark adopted a Complete Streets policy in 2012

Pedestrians killed on Hamilton’s streets, in the last year
Kitty Macleod, 87 Governor’s Road and Overfield (St. Joseph’s Villa) December 2 2012, 9:30 am Woman, 83 (name withheld) Upper Gage and Mohawk May 15 2013, 5:00 pm Woman, 86 (name withheld) Main West and Ray Hit and run September 30 2013, 2:00 pm
(By coincidence, the next day, Councillors debated widening sidewalks on that part of Main St., but postponed the decision to a later date.)

Woman, 72 (name withheld) Wentworth North and Aikman February 13, 2013, 3:40 pm

Man, 85 (name withheld) Barton East and Kenora August 30th, 10:00 am

Zoë Nudell, 33 Charlton East and Wentworth South Impaired driver October 30 2013, 6:00 pm

Giving same attention to all neighbourhoods equally would reinforce existing inequalities.

Risky streets as a % of total streets

City of Hamilton


Neighbourhood Action Strategy boundaries

3.8% 2.4 times as likely to have risky roads

Data source: 2008-2012 Network Risk Screening, City of Hamilton. Based on top 60 streets rated by City as highest risk. Chart based on total street kms that have been screened as having highest risk, compared to overall street kms. Data was aggregated to Neighbourhood Action Strategy Boundaries by the author using geographic information systems software.

Complete Streets Policy for Hamilton

Urban streets are a scarce and valuable resource. How they are designed and managed represents an allocation of public resources that should balance various objectives:
Cost effective mobility Overall accessibility Fairness for non-drivers User convenience and comfort Safety and security Local economic development

Todd Litman, Victoria Transport Policy Institute: Evaluating Complete Streets: The Value of Designing Roads For Diverse Modes, Users and Activities (2013)

Now over 500 Complete Streets policies adopted in US.

Large cities and small towns are adopting Complete Streets policies to help them achieve a better balance on their streets and improve quality of life for all residents.

Draft Complete Streets Policy for Hamilton (Copy provided)
Over 100 residents involved in the development of this policy. Most of text is adapted from policies adopted in various other jurisdictions
PART I: INTRODUCTION 1. Definition 2. Context 3. Purpose 4. Supportive Vision, Values, Strategic Priorities and Policies PART II: PRINCIPLES 5. Objectives 6. Funding PART III: IMPLEMENTATION 7. Operation 8. Exception mechanism PART IV: MONITORING 9. Progress Reporting and Measures of Success 10. Open Data 11. Complete Streets Advisory Committee

In the Rapid Ready report, City committed to the “Development and Implementation of a Complete Streets Strategy/Policy” as part of the 5-year Transportation Master Plan review.

I ask you today to move a motion to send this draft Complete Streets policy to staff for consideration as part of the review of the Transportation Master Plan.

“Walkability was identified as a key to sustainable growth by Hamilton’s Economic Summit. But it is much more than that. It is also a key to an age-friendly city — an inclusive and accessible urban environment that promotes active aging and improves the quality of life for all members of society.”

“The good news is that Complete Streets is no longer a radical concept in Hamilton due to the success experienced in other cities around the world.”
Keanin Loomis, President Hamilton Chamber of Commerce
(Hamilton Spectator, September 25, 2013)

Margaret Denton, President Hamilton Council on Aging
(Hamilton Spectator, Jun 16, 2011)