Scientific Method

Who uses it? What is it? Why should I care?

Everyone uses it everyday.

Yes Even You!!!!!!!!!!

It is a way to solve problems. Do you have any problems to solve?
Any

big or any

small

ones?

Any of these sound familiar?
Where are My Shoes? What should I have for lunch? What class do I have next? Did I do my homework for that class? What is the cure for cancer? Which deodorant works the longest?

There are six steps to the Scientific Method.
1. Problem 2. Information 3. Hypothesis 4. Experiment 5. Observations 6. Conclusion

By following these steps in order you will learn about your question.

Notice the IN ORDER part. It is very important.

Problem
*This is the question that you are trying to answer or problem that you are trying to solve. *Try to narrow it down and be very specific.

Information gather data about your question. -

books magazines reports internet resources experts your past experiences

Hypothesis
-an educated guess -a prediction based on data -what you think the answer is based upon your gathered information

Experiment
This is broken into 2 parts, materials and procedure. Materials is a list of equipment that you will need for the experiment. Procedure is a list of instructions that you need to follow for the experiment.

Observations
Collection of information and data from the experiment. It may be charts, graphs, or written work. This is WHAT HAPPENED!!!!!

Conclusion
What did you find the answer to the question was? It is OK if it turns out that your hypothesis was not correct. You learned!!!!!!!!!

Report your findings
One of the most important parts of the scientific method is to report to others your findings. You will help others learn.

Scientific Attitudes/Values
Attitudes vs. Values Traits and Practices of Scientists

Attitudes vs. Values
Values are goals (e.g., national development, spiritual growth, etc.) or modes of conduct (e.g., honest, persevering) which a person considers important such that he allows them to influence his decision making and direct his behavior.

Attitudes vs. Values
Attitudes are manifestations of how a person feels about an object, event or situation. They reflect a person’s values

Traits and Practices of Scientists
Careful and systematic planning of work to be done and implementing the plan; A wonderful attitude toward failures in their work – a perfect combination of patience and perseverance;

Traits and Practices of Scientists
The humility to accept “authority” and the prudence to choose which theories and generalizations to accept as authority A humble attitude towards “truth” in science

Traits and Practices of Scientists
Other Traits: q Creativity q Curiosity q Critical outlook q Analytical thinking q Logical thinking

Traits and Practices of Scientists
Other Traits: q Objectivity q Open-mindedness q Intellectual honesty q Accuracy