WELCOME

TO THE PRESENTATION ON

INFRARED THERMOGRAPHY

WHAT IS INFRARED THERMOGRAPHY
• The Process of writing involving the use of heat obtained by an image on a small picture tube by using INFRARED camera. • All objects in the universe above ABSOLUTE ZERO (-2730C) emit thermal radiations. • All thermal radiations are in the Infrared region of electromagnetic spectrum. • Infrared thermography allows us to see the thermal, or heat energy, that is radiated by objects.

WHY USE INFRARED THERMOGRAPHY
• Infrared Thermography allows us to diagnose and pinpoint problems based on temperature differential of areas. Temperature provides an excellent identification of the condition of equipment. • It is ability of THERMAL CAMERA to “see” these early stages of increasing temperature that makes thermography such a valuable technology

PRINCIPLE
ENERGY LOSS
• • • • • • • CONDUCTION CONVECTION RADIATION Radiated Energy is a function of Temperature and Wave length Almost all energy is radiated in the infrared band of the electromagnetic Spectrum At 1000oK Energy is radiated in the visible band Total Energy Radiated; W = σεT4 (Stefan-Boltzman Law)

Radiation Heat Transfer
• • Thermal Radiation: The Electromagnetic radiation emitted by a body as a result of its temperature. Properties: Propagates at speed of light (c)= 3X108 m/sec Infrared radiation lies from 0.75–1000 µm Visible light lies from 0.4 – 0.75 µm Radiative Heat Transfer lies from 0.75 – 100 µm Most practical measurements can be made upto 20 µm Propagation of Thermal radiation takes place in form of discrete quanta each quantum having energy of E = h v, where v - frequency = c/λ h is Planck’s constant 6.625X10-34 J.s

• • •

Radiation Heat Transfer
• • • Very hot objects radiate in the visible region also. The Sun at about 6000 0K appears to glow yellow to white hot An electric heater / stove at about 800 0K glows red but as the element cools, it looses its visible glow but continues to radiate. We can feel the heat with hand but can’t see the glow as the energy has shifted from RED To INFRARED Wein’s Displacement Law: λpk = 2898 / T , µm Thermal Infrared imagers have measurement capabilities with sensitivities down to 0.10C

• •

Electromagnetic Spectrum

Fundamentals of Radiative Heat Flow
KIRCHHOFF’S LAW

A

R

T

PRINCIPLE
• • • • • • • ENERGY EMISSIONS A = Absorbed Energy Black Body: E = 1 R = Reflected Energy Grey Body: E = 0.7-0.9 T = Transmitted Energy A+R+T = 1 E=A E+R+T = 1

Radiant Energy Related to Target surface

Stephan Boltzmann Law W = σεT4 W = Radiative flux emitted per unit area (W/m2) ε = Emissivity (unity for black body target) σ = Stefan-Boltzmann constant = 5.673 X 10-8 W/m2 K-4

INSTRUMENTS
• OPTICS • DETECTOR • INDICATOR/DISPLAY • Infrared Thermometers - Spot Radiometers • Line Scanners • Imaging Systems

FPA Detector Technology

Single Detector Scanning System

Linear Focal Plane Array System

Focal Plane Array System

FPA Thermovision Instrument -Key features
• Choice of hand-held infrared condition monitoring systems • High resolution FPA image quality for rapid fault detection • Easy to use • Rugged design for operation in harsh environments • High accuracy and reliability

Typical Applications
• Electrical inspection • Mechanical inspection • Refractory, insulation diagnostics • Energy conservation • Leak detection • Building Insulation

Refractory diagnostics - Poor insulation

Leak detection Steam line leakage

Electrical inspection Sub-station

Electrical inspection 220 KV Switchyard (CT Bolts)

Electrical inspection 220 KV Switchyard (Broken Conductor Strands)

Electrical inspection Cable Heating

Electrical inspection – Control Panel

Electrical InspectionLow Oil level in Transformer Second Fin

Mechanical InspectionBearing Problem

Mechanical inspection Overheating fan

Building Insulation

Critical Vessel Monitoring

Critical Vessel Monitoring

View from West side I498 252.50C GST (217-2260C)

View from East side

Critical Vessel Monitoring
Thermal Image No.: I-498

User Industries
Electrical Utilities Iron and Steel Consultants

Automotive Manufacturing Petrochemical Industry

and many more...

User Industries
Automotive Manufacturing

Electrical Utilities

Petrochemical Industry

Iron and Steel

and many more...

HOPE YOU HAVE ENJOYED THIS PRESENTATION

THANK YOU