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Aim/Goal: How did Mohandas Gandhi’s philosophy of civil disobedience lead to India’s independence?

Do Now: What are the consequences of independence? Homework: Create an obituary for Gandhi.

philosophy based on truth and non-violent resistance This philosophy was the way India gained independence Inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world.Accomplishments • • • • • • Born October 2. Believed in Satyagraha.died January 30 1948 Major political and spiritual leader of India Leader of the Indian Independence movement. . 1869 .

Gandhi as a young boy .

brotherhood among religions Wanted to end caste discrimination Swaraj. liberation of women.Accomplishments • When he returned to India. he organized poor • • • • • farmers and others to fight against discrimination and taxation. Leader of the Indian National Congress Led campaigns to end poverty. a major peaceful protest to end British imperialism . the independence of India from foreign domination. Salt March in 1930.

Gandhi was married through his parents' arrangements • They had five children. Gandhi went to Britain to study law . • At the age of 18 on in 1888. the first of whom died in infancy. at the age of 13.Biography • In May 1883.

Gandhi and his wife .

The Vegetarian Society •A • group Gandhi became associated with while living in Britain He promised his mother that he would observe all Hindu traditions .

This event leads him to be leader of the Indian community. He encounters racism. • . he moved to • • • South Africa to practice law. Indians were not considered full human beings.Biography • After graduating from law school. though he held a first-class ticket. Thrown out of a first-class railway compartment car.

.Law career • Practicing law in South • Africa The skills he obtained in law school will help him in his quest for Indian independence.

Made his own clothes – dhoti and shawl woven Vegetarian diet.Philosophy • Truth could only be attained through ahimsa (nonviolence. striving towards God). Gandhi practiced non-violence and truth. love) and brahmacharya (celibacy. • • • • • . organizing an ashram that was selfsufficient in its needs. He was imprisoned numerous times in both South Africa and India. in all situations. He underwent long fasts. for both self-purification and protest. He lived simply.

He believed the less dependent upon the British the more likely they were to gain their independence encouraged to be self .Homespun • Gandhi • Indian’s sufficient.

000 people. Indians were outraged by this new tax. • • • • • • .• Britain instituted a new tax on Peaceful Protest Salt. March 12 to April 6 Gandhi and his followers launched a peaceful protest The famous Salt March lasted for 248 miles from Ahmedabad to Dandi Thousands of Indians joined him on this march to the sea. This campaign was one of his most successful at upsetting British rule Britain responded by imprisoning over 60.

Return to Britain • 1915 returns to India • He only makes one trip • outside of India. 1930 goes to Britain to discuss: – Independence – Freedom for political prisoners – Signs the Gandhi-Irwin pact that halts civil disobedience .

convicted. 1949 Gandhi’s last words were "Oh God". Nathuram Godse. they were executed on November 15. was a radical Hindu Godse held Gandi responsible for weakening India Godse and his co-conspirator Naravan Apte were later tried. Gandhi was • • • • shot and killed while having his nightly public walk The assassin. . 1948.Assassination • On January 30.

and I do not quite know what to tell you or how to say it. and that is a terrible blow. we will not see him again. nevertheless. Perhaps I am wrong to say that. Bapu as we called him. Our beloved leader. not only for me. we will not run to him for advice or seek solace from him. is no more. as we have seen him for these many years. the father of the nation. but for millions and millions in this country. the light has India Grieves gone out of our lives. and there is darkness everywhere.• Jawaharlal Nehru radio address: • “Friends and comrades.” • Why was Gandhi's death a terrible blow to India? .

Both of these leaders have used his principles of civil disobedience as a way to enact change. and Nelson Mandela. • . He has influenced such leaders as Martin Luther King.The Legacy • The legacy of Gandhi lives on. Jr.

often with a biographical sketch. Ms. Ms. She was 95 years old. She is survived by her two sons. Barretta passed away.Obituary: a notice of the death of a person. . one of which included a Masters degree in History. as in a newspaper. She had many accomplishments. Barretta was the world’s greatest social studies teacher. • Today.

Your Task: • Write an obituary for Mohandas Gandhi. • This will be collected. .