Shipping Industry of Pakistan

Presented by: Muhammad Zain Presented to: Invest Capital


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FED on port services to affect shipping traffic (Tuesday, 23 Jun, 2009 ). PNSC is planning to scrap seven more of its elderly ships by the end of next year (Monday, 27 Apr, 2009). Seafood exports likely to touch $220 million (Tuesday, 26 May, 2009). PNSC will buy four new ships including one oil container and three cargo ships (Saturday, 31, Jan, 2009). PNSC officers’ incentives increased (Sunday, 21 Jun, 2009).

Importance of Transport Sector
Transportation contributes to the economic, industrial, social and cultural development of any country.  It generates employment opportunities.  Economies with better road network are positioned more advantageously in terms of overall competitiveness.  Four basic modes of transport includes: 5. Ocean 6. Air 7. Rail 8. Road

Pakistan Shipping Industry
Shipping industry in the private sector had a setback in 1974.  Shipping is a capital intensive industry.  Three ports includes: 4. Port Qasim 5. Karachi Port Trust 6. Gawadar Port

Overseas Trade—

Size of Fleet

Duty and Taxes for Importer
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Custom Duty Sales Tax Income Tax Federal Excise Duty Excise and Taxation (ETO)

Benefits to Importer
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509(I) 2007 567(I) 2007 638(I) 2007 655(I) 2008

No Sales Tax No Custom Duty Income Tax 1% No FED

Benefits to Exporter


SWOT Analysis
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Capital Intensive. Shipping industry and yard has been developing at Gawadar. Skilled Labor. Three Ports namely Port Qasim, KPT and Gawadar Port.

SWOT Analysis
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Unnecessary charges. Shipment delays and delays in receipts of goods are commonplace. PNSC and other ports & shipping organizations are over staffed. Nepotism and the lack of management produce inferior quality services. Lack of proper planning and absence of basic coordination with other transport sub-sectors. Port’s are expensive than the regional ports, including Dubai, Colombo and Singapore.

SWOT Analysis

Lucrative strategic geographic location.

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some countries are considering measures to support their economies by limiting imports. High duty and taxes from the government. Poor image of the country.

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