Determination of Machine Requirements for a new factory

Introduction

Generally machinery in the apparel industry continues to become more complex, knowledge of the basics of computers and electronics will increasingly be an asset.

VYSALI.R

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 VYSALI. the trends toward manufacturing keeps changing to achieve maximum lead time efficiency and minimum space requirement of machines.R 3 .Introduction In addition.  Thus machinery determination requires interpersonal skills to work effectively with others.

Parameters for Equipment Selection Equipment Management Equipment Acquisition Product – Related Issues VYSALI.R 4 .

Parameters for Selection of Machineries – Equipment Management Strategic Plans  Financial Base  Merchandising & Sourcing Strategies  VYSALI.R 5 .

R 6 . Small Scale firm • VYSALI. Large Scale firm 2.Strategic Plans These are plans that are to be considered before setting up of an apparel plant • Any apparel manufacturing firm falls under one of the 2 categories: 1.

the machinery selection will be highly sophisticated based on the newer automations & objectives of the plant  VYSALI.Large scale firm The capacity of Large scale plant will be higher.Strategic Plans .  Generally.R 7 .

Strategic Plans .  Hence.R 8 .Small scale firm The capacity of the Small scale plant will be comparatively less. the machineries adapted will be of older version that requires more of manual assistance & low capitation  VYSALI.  Moreover the capital amount invested will also be low.

Non variable  VYSALI.R 9 .  Machinery cost is considered in the following cost analysis: 1. Overhead costs .Financial Base Primary considerations for plant ownership include the firm’s investment plant.Variable . Start – up costs 2.

Merchandising & Sourcing Strategies Each plant operates with a set of characteristics unique to its existence  There are certain reasons for the purchase of equipments:  VYSALI.R 10 .

 Replacement of existing equipment to increase productivity & reduce cost.R 11 .  VYSALI.  Acquisition of new equipment to expand production capacity and/or improve quality.Merchandising & Sourcing Strategies Replacement of essential worn out equipment.

 VYSALI.  Acquisition of new equipment to improve safety and environmental factors.R 12 .Merchandising & Sourcing Strategies Acquisition of equipment to produce new product lines.

Parameters for Selection of Machineries – Equipment Acquisition Equipment manufacturer’s reputation  Performance record of previous equipment used in the plant  Amount of training provided  Quality of repair & service  Cost of service contracts  Kind of workstation  VYSALI.R 13 .

What type of operation is desired?  VYSALI.R 14 .Parameters for Selection of Machineries – Product Related Issues The following questions help to determine the appropriate type of equipment for a particular use: 1. What is the specific use of the equipment? 2.

What level of productivity is required? What types. 7. weights. 5. 4. 6.R 15 .Parameters for Selection of Machineries – Product Related Issues 3. and thickness of materials are to be used? How much flexibility does the equipment have? What automatic features and work aids are needed? What quality level is required? VYSALI.

• The product characteristics such as  The material used  Styling.R 16 . VYSALI.  Cost restrictions and  Delivery deadlines also defined the need for equipment and processing methods .CONCLUSION • Based on the above quoted parameters the machinery selection for a new factory varies accordingly.  Quality requirements.

 Thus . buyers specifications also play an important role while selection of equipments for a product line.  VYSALI. assembly sequences and equipment needed to produce the products.R 17 .CONCLUSION Product specifications also determine the specific methods .

R 18 .POLO T-SHIRTS (WITH SIDESEAMS) Shirt Front Shirt Back VYSALI.

Daily output 1000 pcs Working day/month 25 days No.4 sec.Polo T-Shirts (with side seams) Monthly output 25000 pcs Working hours per day Total standard production time per piece.41 VYSALI. of mcs 34 Daily output per Mcs 29.R 19 .978.

257 0.flatbed.5 Output Pcs/8hrs 886 No.i and sleeve nterlock stitch joint top cover thread. of Mcs/workers 1.998 45 30 58.5 492 2.797 35 50 25 15 30 15 40.396 2.No Polo T-Shirts (with side seams) Operations Type of Mcs Net op time (sec) 25 Allow ratio (%) 30 Actual op time (sec) 32.lockstit attachment ch machine A1 Placket and Fusing non-woven machine fusing 5 Placket and 1needle lock front body stitch machine attach 1 633 1.75 716 443 1002 1. thread trimmer 3 Pocket Electric steam preparation ironing 4 Pocket 1needle.5 35 30 45.035 VYSALI.128 Rib 2 needle over attachment at lock machine sleeve open 2 Cover-up 2 stitch on Rib needle.R 20 .25 65 28.

355 32 28 30 30 41.083 1.locks collar and titch machine tape attachment Polo T-Shirts (with side seams) 50 20 60 480 30 30 39 738 2.6 36. thread trimmer Body. rib 1needle.flatbe shoulder d interlock seam stitch with top cover.149 VYSALI.R 21 .455 1.overl shoulder ock machine Cover on 2needle.642 92 30 119.4 692 791 1.6 241 4.6 7 8 9 10 Placket Hand open cut operation and turn over and folding both plackets Plackets 2needle.overl etc fabric ock machine trimming and cover up stitching J oint 2needle.

rib collar and tape attachment Neck tape folding 2needle.flatbed interstitch with top cover thread.5 554 492 1.805 2.355 12 1.11 Polo T-Shirts (with side seams) Bodt.329 2needle.overl ock machine 30 30 39 738 2 and one needle .overl ock machine 2needle. thread trimmer 1needle.032 VYSALI.locks titch machine 40 30 52 554 1.805 13 14 15 Plackets finishing and collar tape finishing S leeves attachment Cover on armhole seam 140 30 182 158 6.R 22 . thread trimmer 40 45 30 30 52 58.flatbe d interlock stitch top cover thread.

916 VYSALI.7 52 3740 554 0.805 22 20 26.3 52 8727 554 40 7 40 10 30 7.4 1091 0.114 1.B1 16 17 18 19 20 Cut two Hand labels operation S ide seam 2needle over closing lock machine with label attachment Turn inside Hand out body operation Bottom 3needle top hem covering stitch machine automatic bottom hemmer with left side fabric trimmer Buttonhole Button hole making machine(3 button hole/Pcs) Button Button fixing fixing machine(3 button hole/Pcs) Polo T-Shirts (with side seams) 3 10 30 3.267 1.916 22 20 26.4 1091 0.R 23 .805 0.

12~3 3.5~3 2.55~3 1.R No of M/c 3.12~3 2.Determination of Machineries Target=1500 pcs/day Operation Title Shoulder Seam Neck Seam Collar Attachment Armhole Seam M/c used O/L SNLS O/L DNLS SNLS O/L F/L Sec/Unit 60 60 45 44 48 49 33 Sec/bundle of 20 1200 1200 900 880 960 980 660 VYSALI.71~2 24 .29~2 Side & Underarm Seam Hip Hem Sleeve Hem 2.34~2 2.

R 25 .2 No.2 = 17.65~18 VYSALI. of workers/ Machines = Ts Pt Pt = 339 19.Pitch Time = Total Production Hours Target / Day = 28800 1500 = 19.

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