• The project to create the world's cheapest production car began in 2003, under the Chairman of Tata Motors, Ratan Tata, inspired by the number of Indian families with two-wheeled rather than fourwheeled transport. The Nano's development has been tempered by the company's success in producing the low cost 4 wheeled Ace truck in May 2005. Contrary to speculation that the car might be a simpe fourwheeled auto rickshaw, The Times of India reported the vehicle is "a properly designed and built car".The Chairman is reported to have said, "It is not a car with plastic curtains or no roof — it's a real car." To achieve its design goals, Tata has refined the manufacturing process, emphasized innovation and sought new design approaches from suppliers. The car was designed at Italy's Institute of Development in Automotive Engineering — with Ratan Tata requesting certain changes, such as the elimination of one of two windscreen wipers. The Nano has 21% more interior space and an 8% smaller exterior compared to its closest rival, the Maruti 800. The car will come in different versions, including one standard and two deluxe models.

• The Nano's boot does not open, instead the rear seats can be folded down to access the boot space. • It has a single windscreen wiper instead of 2 • Some exterior parts of it are glued together, rather than welded • It has no power steering • It's door opening lever is much simpler

• Tata initially targeted the vehicle as "the least expensive production carin the world"— aiming for a starting price of 100,000 rupees or approximately US$2000 (using exchange rate as of March 22, 2009) 6 years ago, despite rapidly rising material prices at the time. • As of August 2008, material costs had risen from 13% to 23% over the car’s development,and Tata faced the choice of: • introducing the car with an artificially low price through government subsidies and tax-breaks, or • forgoing profit on the car, or • using vertical-integration to artificially boost profits on cars at the expense of their materials industries, or • partially using inexpensive polymers or biodegradable plastics instead of a full metal-body, or • raising the price of the car • Subsequently however material prices dropped dramatically

• Overall Length 3099 mm • Overall Width 1495 mm (& 1620 mm with ORVM) • Overall Height 1652 mm • Wheelbase 2230 mm • Ground clearance 180 mm Min. • Turning Circle Radius 4 m Seating Capacity 4 persons • Fuel Tank Capacity 15 Liters •  Nano:600 kg •  Nano CX:615 kg     •  Nano LX:635 kg  

• Engine specification: • Engine Type 624 cc, 2 cylinder, MPFI Maximum Engine Output 35 PS @ 5250 rpm Maximum Torque 48 NM @ 3000 +/-500 rpm Maximum Speed 105 kmph Gradeability 30% Transmission Synchromesh on all forward gears,? sliding mesh on reverse gear with overdrive on 4th gear No. of Gears 4 Forward + 1 Reverse • Front Independent, Lower Wishbone, McPherson Strut with gas filled dampers Rear Independent, Semi Trailing arm with coil spring & gas filled shock absorbers • Brake Type Dual Circuit, Vertical Split operated by tandem master cylinder     Nano CX With Vacuum Booster     Nano LX With Vacuum Booster Front 180 mm dia. drum brake Rear 180 mm dia. drum brake •

• Front :Independent, Lower Wishbone, McPherson Strut with gas filled dampers • Rear: Independent, Semi Trailing arm with coil spring & gas filled shock absorbers.

• Brake Type Dual Circuit, Vertical Split operated by tandem master cylinder      • Nano CX With Vacuum Booster    • Nano LX With Vacuum Booster Front 180 mm dia. drum brake Rear 180 mm dia. drum brake

• • • • Tyre Type Radial & Tubeless Front Tyre size 135/70 R12 Rear tyre size 155/65 R12 Spare tyre size 135/70 R12 Wheels 4 B x 12


Eco-friendly models and initiatives
• Tata Motors is reportedly working on some very revolutionary and eco-friendly initiatives, some of which are personally-supported and appreciated by Mr. Ratan Tata. Other than their Gasoline engine, Tata Motors will offer following options

Compressed-air engine
• Tata Motors is working with a French firm on using compressed air as an energy source which is eco-friendly and revolutionary in itself for a car of such large-scale. The company has tied up with Moteur Development International (MDI) for this purpose

Electric drivetrain or electric-version
• Tata is also believed to be making an electric version of the Nano, called the E-Nano (reportedly with attached or sideby solar panels as well) which might well turn out to be the "world's cheapest electric car" which is more eco-friendly and has many enthusiasts and media for its support. It's supposed to be as cheap as the conventional gasoline version. Tata is making the Nano compliant with export market regulation and plans to export such a car worldwide, particularly to the UK and the rest of continental Europe, the US, and Australia • Economic Times reported that the "electric Nano" "would still make good sense for economic, clean and green personal mobility in countries around the world." According to the Hamburg-based newspaper, Auto Bild, the E-Nano would be built in cooperation with the Norwegian electric car specialist, Miljøbil

Enthusiastic support
• Tata Motors received preliminary enthusiasticsupport in the media as well as in government circles (including Europe and other states) for the electric-variant of Nano. The enthusiasm is reportedly even higher than that for the petrolvariant. • The Hindu quoted European Commission’s Director General for Energy and Transport, • Matthias Ruete, as saying: • “ I can say that alike other nations, entire Europe is also eagerly awaiting the commercial launch of Nano. But keeping in mind the adverse impact of carbon dioxide (CO2) on environment, it would be advisable to have

• Some news-sources state that "a hybrid version [of Tata Nano] is also likely, although it is not yet known whether the electric motor will be paired with a gasoline or diesel version."Other sources also favoured it and argued that "India needs Tata Prius [similar to Toyota Prius] and not Tata Nano."

Nano Europa
• Tata Motors unveiled a version of the Nano mini-car called the Nano Europa at the 2009 Geneva Motor Show. The car will be coming to mainland Europe and the UK. and will have a number of improvements over the standard nano. The Nano Europa has an increased wheelbase, a new engine and improved interiors and exteriors. The Nano Europa will be more expensive than the standard Nano with prices said to be

Trim levels
• The Nano will be available in three trim levels:• Standard (Base) • Deluxe (CX) • Luxury (LX) • The base (priced at Rs. 100,000.00) will not get air conditioning, but will have fixed seats, except for the driver's, which will be adjustable, while the Deluxe and Luxury variants will get AC and body coloured bumpers. The top-end variant will also have alloy wheels, fog lamps and power windows. Tata Motors plans to sell more expensive

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