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Explain what is Inertia Describe the relationship between Mass and Inertia Gives examples of real life situations involving Inertia Suggests ways to reduce the negative effects of Inertia

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or if moving. Inertia is the tendency of an object to remain at rest. . to keep moving at constant speed in a straight line.

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Inertia makes the moving object continue to move at a constant speed in the same direction unless some external force changes the object’s motion .

It tends to stay in that position unless some force puts that object into motion .

Inertia is not a physical quantity. thus it does not have a unit The property of Inertia is found from the Newton’s First Law of Motion .

” . or if moving it continues to move with uniform velocity.“An object continues in its state of rest. unless compelled by some external force to act otherwise.

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. In a circular motion. if the centripetal force is suddenly removed. Since the velocity of the object is along the tangent of the circle at any point in time. The direction of the object is along the tangent of the circle where the object is at that instance. If an object has no acceleration. we can conclude that an object moving in a circle has an acceleration. By Newton’s Law. its direction is always changing. This centripetal force is a resultant force and can manifest in many different forms. the object will move in a straight line in the direction of the tangent prior to the centripetal force was removed. the resultant force is acting towards the centre of the circle. In a circular motion. such as when the string is cut. Since the direction is always changing. the object’s speed is constant. it will move at a constant speed in a straight line.The centripetal force that makes the Moon revolves round Earth is due to gravity. an object that is accelerating has a resultant force. The centripetal force that makes a car move in a circular road is the friction between its tyres and the road. The centripetal force that makes a stone move round when we swing is the tension in the rope. However.

I. Mass?? Base quantity Scalar quantity Constant wherever it is measured The S. unit is kg (kilogram) .

Mass can influenced the effect of Inertia An object with a larger mass has a larger Inertia mass inertia .

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or to prevent them from falling off the lorry and thereby damaging the vehicles behind them in case of sudden acceleration. Lorries carrying bulky and heavy objects will need to have those objects properly secured to prevent them from moving forward and injuring the driver in case the lorry stops suddenly. .

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Do not put loose objects on the front or rear panel of a car. . Seat belts must be fastened at all times. including the passenger in the back seat.

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