You are on page 1of 109

SHIPS SURVEY

NIPPON KAIJI KYOKAI

SHIPS SURVEY & GOOD MAINTENANCE ON BOARD


NIPPON KAIJI KYOKAI (ClassNK)

Introduction to ClassNK
Nippon Kaiji Kyokai, known as ClassNK or NK, is a ship classification society. It is what is known under Japanese law as a public service foundation and in its Act of Endowment, its ultimate goal is expressed as: "to contribute to the development of maritime service for the protection of human life and property at sea". Environmental protection has also become an increasingly major

concern.

Presented by
Lcdr. Prayudh Thongdii Surveyor

Periodical surveys
2.1 General 2.2 Annual Surveys 2.3 Intermediate Surveys 2.4 Special Surveys 2.5 Docking Surveys 2.6 Boiler Survey (Skip) 2.6 Propeller Shaft Survey

Bulk Carrier

Bulk Carrier

Container Carrier

Oil Tanker

LNG Carrier

General Cargo

Reefer Carrier

Vehicles Carrier

Tug Boat

Annual Surveys 1 The purpose of an Annual Survey is to confirm that the general condition of the hull is maintained at a satisfactory level. 2 Generally as the ship ages, ballast tanks are required to be subjected to more extensive overall and close-up surveys at Annual Surveys.

Intermediate Surveys 1 The Intermediate Survey may be held at or between the second or third Annual Survey in each five year Special Survey cycle. Those items, which are additional to the requirements of the Annual Surveys, may be surveyed either at or between the 2nd and 3rd Annual Survey. The intermediate survey contains requirements for extended overall and close-up surveys including thickness measurements of cargo and ballast tanks.

Special Surveys
1 The Special Surveys are carried out at five-year intervals for the purpose of establishing the condition of the structure to confirm that the structural integrity is satisfactory in accordance with the Classification Requirements, and will remain fit for its intended purpose for another five-year period, subject to proper maintenance and operation of the ship and to periodical surveys carried out at the due dates. 2 The Special Survey concentrates on close-up surveys in association with thickness measurements and is aimed at detecting fractures, buckling, corrosion and other types of structural deterioration. 3 Thickness measurements are to be carried out upon agreement with the Classification Society concerned in conjunction with the Special Survey.

Drydocking (Bottom) Surveys

The objective of docking the ship periodically is to inspect the portion of the hull beneath the water-line which those parts of the hull under the water-line are always immersed in water; therefore, the condition of damage in the event of the ship stranding / grounding/damages cannot be observed.

Propeller Shaft Survey

Check lists
Hull & Machinery Fire fighting appliances Machinery in engine room Electrical Equipment Mooring arrangements Docking Survey Propeller Shaft Survey

Class Survey General Examinations (Hull)


01 Shell plating above W.L. 02 Weather deck plating 03 Openings on deck and outside of hull, deck house, companionway, hatch coamings and covers, side ports, cargo ports and side scuttles 04 Exposed engine casing and skylights 05 Ventilators 06 Air pipes and sounding pipes 07 W. T. bulkheads and superstructure's end bulkheads including W. T. doors, penetrations, Stop valves and door openings

Hull
08 Load line marks 09 Bulwarks, guard rails and freeing ports 10 Means of access ; gangways, walkways and life lines 11 Scuppers, inlets, other discharge pipes and valves 12 Anchoring and mooring arrangement 13 Fire extinguishing arrangement 14 Fire protection and means of escape, etc. 15 Loading computer 16 Ship Identification Number

Performance Test (Hull)


01 Doors on watertight bulkheads 02 Drainage, mooring and anchoring arrangements and their accessories 03 Appliances related to fire protection and escape 04 Fire detection and fire alarm system including manually operated call points 05 Fire pump including emergency fire pump, piping, hydrants, hoses, nozzles, etc. 06 Ventilation system fan 07 Fixed dry-chemical powder fire fighting system 08 Water spray system 09 Quantity of Carbon dioxide extinguishing medium 10 Quantity of halon extinguishing medium

Hull 11 Quantity of dry chemical powder extinguishing medium 12 Fixed carbon dioxide fire fighting system (Piping and alarm of systems) 13 Fixed halon fire fighting system (Piping and alarm of systems) 14 Fixed foam fire fighting system (Piping) 15 Fixed high expansion foam fire fighting system (Piping)

Hull 16 Fixed pressure water spraying fire fighting system (System and pump of the system) 17 Automatic sprinkler system (Delivery alarm and pump) 18 Closing appliances of openings related to fire fighting in way of cargo holds

Machinery
General Examinations 01 Main propulsion machinery, power transmission machinery, shafting system,prime movers other than main propulsion machinery, boilers, thermal oil heaters,incinerators, pressure vessels, auxiliary machinery, piping systems, control systems,electrical installations and switchboards 02 Engine room, boiler spaces and means of escape 03 Refrigerating machinery except "RMC

Machinery

Performance Tests
01 Shut-off devices for oil tanks 02 Emergency shut-down of motor for F.O. pumps, cargo oil pumps, ventilating fans& boiler draught fans 03 Emergency electrical power source 04 Communication system with Engineer's alarm 05 Steering gears ( including control system ) 06 Bilge system 07 Safety devices or alarm devices of main propulsion machinery and auxiliary machinery 08 Safety devices or alarm devices of boilers, thermal oil heaters and incinerators 09 Monitoring devices, such as pressure indicators, thermometers etc.

Maintenance Check lists

Items

Hull & Machinery Check Points


Clearly marked on shell plating each side.

Freeboard marks

Items

Hull & Machinery Check Points


No heavy wastage exceeding permissible limit.

Superstructure end bulkhead

Items

Hull & Machinery Check Points

Doors of all access Effective weathertightness. openings in bulkhead at ends of enclosed No heavy corrosion, holes. superstructures. Condition of gaskets and clamping devices in good order.

Items

Hull & Machinery Check Points

Access hatches Effective weathertightness. Hatch coamings in good condition without heavy wastage or holes. Condition of gaskets and clamping devices in good order.

Items

Hull & Machinery Check Points

Cargo Effective weathertightness. hatches Hatch coamings and stays in good condition without heavy wastage or holes. Hatch covers in good condition without heavy wastage or holes. Condition of gaskets and clamping devices in good order. Battens and wedges available on board in good order. Tarpaulins in good condition without holes.

Items

Hull & Machinery Check Points

Machinery space Effective weathertightness. openings Covers, casings and coamings in good condition without heavy wastage or holes

Items Manholes, flush scuttles

Hull & Machinery Check Points


Effective weathertightness. Covers and bolts in good condition without heavy wastage.

Items

Hull & Machinery Check Points


Effective weathertightness. Bulkhead plating in good condition without heavy corrosion or holes. Doors in good condition without heavy corrosion or holes. Gaskets and clamping devices in good order.

Deckhouses, companionways with openings in freeboard deck

Items Ventilators

Hull & Machinery Check Points


Coamings in good condition without heavy corrosion, holes. Closing covers in good condition, efficient weathertightness. Gaskets, clamping devices in order.

Items Air pipes

Hull & Machinery Check Points


Coamings in good condition without heavy corrosion or holes. Air pipe heads in good condition without heavy corrosion or holes. Floats in pipe heads in good order. Wire gauzes in good condition. (for oil tanks only)

Items Cargo ports and similar openings

Hull & Machinery Check Points


Effective weathertightness. Steel plating and attachments in good condition without heavy wastage.

Items

Hull & Machinery Check Points


Distance pieces in good condition without heavy corrosion or holes. Non-return valves in good order without heavy corrosion or holes.

Scuppers, inlets, discharges

Items Side scuttles

Hull & Machinery Check Points


Effective watertightness. Deadlights in good order.

Items Freeing ports

Hull & Machinery Check Points


Draining arrangements in good order.

Items

Hull & Machinery Check Points

Bulwarks and stays, Condition in good order without heavy corrosion, guard rails holes or cracks.

Items Life lines, gangways, passages

Hull & Machinery Check Points


Condition in good order without heavy corrosion, missing components or holes.

Items

Hull & Machinery Check Points


Sockets, eye plates, stanchions in good condition without heavy corrosion, holes or cracks.

Uprights, lashings

Items

Hull & Machinery Check Points


Condition in good order. No heavy wastage, corrosion, cracks.

Main deck plating Cross deck plating

Items

Hull & Machinery Check Points


Condition in good order. No heavy wastage, corrosion, cracks.

Fcle deck plating, Poop deck plating

Items

Hull & Machinery Check Points


Condition in good order. No heavy wastage, corrosion, cracks.

All piping on deck with valves

Items Electric cable conduit

Hull & Machinery Check Points


Condition in good order. No heavy wastage, corrosion, cracks.

Items Cargo holds

Hull & Machinery Check Points


Bulkheads, frames, tanktop plating in good condition. No heavy corrosion, wastage, holes or cracks. Access ladders, piping in good condition. No heavy wastage, holes.

Items Ballast tanks

Hull & Machinery Check Points


No leakage, damage. Bulkheads (trans/longl.), longitudinals, transverse rings, horizontal girders, other members in good condition. No heavy corrosion, wastage, holes or cracks. Access ladders, piping in good condition. No heavy wastage, holes

Items Cargo tanks

Hull & Machinery Check Points


No leakage, damage. Bulkheads (trans/longl.), longitudinals, transverse rings, horizontal girders, other members in good condition. No heavy corrosion, wastage, holes or cracks. Access ladders, piping in good condition. No heavy wastage, holes

Items

Hull & Machinery Check Points

Fuel oil No leakage, damage. tanks Bulkheads (trans/longl.), longitudinals, transverse rings, horizontal girders, other members in good condition. No heavy corrosion, wastage, holes or cracks. Access ladders, piping in good condition. No heavy wastage, holes

Items

Hull & Machinery Check Points

Other compartments Bulkheads (trans/longl.), longitudinals, transverse (Bosn store, deck rings, horizontal girders, stores, etc.) other members in good condition. No heavy corrosion, wastage, holes or cracks.

Items

Hull & Machinery Check Points

Pump Bulkheads, longitudinals, web frames, other room members in good condition. No heavy corrosion, wastage, holes or cracks. Access ladders, piping in good condition. No heavy wastage, holes. Particular care to be taken to ensure electrical equipment in good order, lights (explosion proof). Protection of cargo pump room (bilge alarm, gas monitoring system, temperature sensor, inter-lock system) working satisfactorily

Items

Hull & Machinery Check Points


Working satisfactorily

Water ingress alarm system

Items

Hull & Machinery Check Points


Working satisfactorily

Remote pump control system (F.P.T, Bosn store) (for Bulk Carrier)

Items

Hull & Machinery Check Points


Working satisfactorily No sticking/clogging by solidifying substances

High velocity P/V valve

Fire Fighting Appliances


Item Check points

Fire integrity

Insulation on A class bulkheads and decks ingood condition. Penetrations of ventilation ducts cable penetration and pipes through A class bulk heads and decks in good order.

Item
Fire doors

Fire Fighting Appliances Check points


Operate satisfactorily. Self-closing doors not to be fitted with hold-back hooks. Closing arrangements in good order Skylights to be of steel and not contain glass panels.

Skylights

Item
Fire dampers

Fire Fighting Appliances Check points


Operate satisfactorily. Cargo holds Engine room Accommodation spaces Control stations Other spaces Clear marking of CloseOpen. No hole / defection of dampers

Item

Fire Fighting Appliances Check points


Operate satisfactorily. Proper pressure maintained. Pressure gauges in good order

Main fire pumps

Item

Fire Fighting Appliances Check points


Operates satisfactorily. Proper pressure maintained. Pressure gauges in good order Prime mover in good condition. Exhaust gas piping in good order.

Emergency fire pump

Item

Fire Fighting Appliances Check points


No leakage, heavy wastage in lines No doublers, clamps, soft patches in lines Operate satisfactorily.

Fire main piping

Isolation valves

Item Hydrants

Fire Fighting Appliances Check points


Fire hoses easily coupled to hydrants Satisfactory operation of valves. Valve handles not broken

Item Fire hoses

Fire Fighting Appliances Check points


All hoses in good condition, without leakage. Checking the number of hoses acc. to the fire control plan Complete with nozzle and couplings

Item
Nozzles

Fire Fighting Appliances Check points


All nozzles in good condition, without leakage. Jet type nozzles, and jet/spray dual type in engine room. Operation of easy change mode. Operation of easy change mode and shut-off devices.

Item
Portable fire extinguishers foam, dry power CO2)

Fire Fighting Appliances Check points


Checking the number of portable fire extinguishers of each type according to the fire control plan. Cylinders in good condition, without serious corrosion / damage. Validity of the medium foam : one year dry powder : five year CO2 : measure at Class SS and IS

Item
Portable foam applicator unit

Fire Fighting Appliances Check points


Checking the air-foam nozzle, portable tank of foam making liquid, and one spare tank. Testing the connection to fire main by a fire hose. Condition of stowage container in good order. Validity of foam making liquid: four years (impossible to extend by sampling)

Item

Fire Fighting Appliances Check points


Visual condition in good order,without wastage. Easily usable condition. Validity of the medium Foam : one year dry powder : five years CO2 : measure at Class SS and IS

Foam type fire extinguisher of 45 /135 liters capacity or equivalent in firing space of boiler and in spaces of fuel oil system

Item

Fire Fighting Appliances Check points

Fixed fire extinguishing CO2 or Halon cylinders to be level/weight measured at Class SS arrangement in E/R, and IS. cargo spaces and cargo Proper test certificate on board. pump room* Validity of foam liquid (5 years). (CO2 or Halon, foam, After 5 years, effectiveness of water spray) foam liquid to be checked, and a sample test certificate available on board. Testing the audible alarm for the release of gas (CO2 or Halon)

Item

Fire Fighting Appliances Check points


Regular checking of the detection system and fire alarm.

Fire detection

Item

Fire Fighting Appliances Check points


All valves to be closed by remote control from outside of E/R. Satisfactory operation of valves. In case that shut-off valves are operated by air, the air cylinder is always charged with correct pressure. Pressure gauge in good condition.

Fuel oil tank shut-off valves; Over 500L: ships built on and after 1 July 1995 Over 1000L: ships built before 1 July 1995

Item

Fire Fighting Appliances Check points


Satisfactory operation of emergency stop.

Emergency stop of fans and fuel oil pumps in Engine room

Item

Fire Fighting Appliances Check points


Satisfactory operation of means to isolate the fuel supply

Means of isolating the fuel supply to individual engines

Item

Fire Fighting Appliances Check points

Firemans Two(2) sets for cargo ships / Four(4) sets for tankers outfit Stowage condition in good order according to the fire control plan. Protective clothing, boots and gloves, helmet,electric safety lamp, axe. Easily usable condition. Breathing apparatus with a smoke helmet or smoke mask and air pump, with proper length of air hose, or a self-contained breathing apparatus. 200 % spare air cylinders available on board or 100 % + Air compressor. A fireproof lifeline of sufficient length for each breathing apparatus with a snap hook. Storage position is clearly marked.

Item

Fire Fighting Appliances Check points

Fire extinguishing Fire fighting system in good order. arrangement in (Type of arrangement is in paint lockers accordance with the requirements of the flag state. e.g. portable fire extinguisher is acceptable for ships flying flag of Panama, Japan, etc.

Item

Fire Fighting Appliances Check points


At least one (1) shore connection with standard flange dimensions available on board. Four sets of bolts and nuts, each of 16 in diameter, 50 in length available on board. One gasket packing available on board.

International shore connection

Item

Fire Fighting Appliances Check points


Operates satisfactorily. Alarms in the control panel function properly.

Inert gas system

Item

Machinery in engine room Check Points

Main engines Operate satisfactorily. Safety devices function properly. Remote control functions properly. No leakage of oil / water Jacketed High Press. FO pipes in good order FO leak alarm in good order

Item Generator engines

Machinery in engine room Check Points


Operate satisfactorily. Safety devices function properly. Remote and automatic control functions properly. No leakage of oil / water Jacketed High Press. FO pipes in good order FO leak alarm in good order

Item Boilers

Machinery in engine room Check Points


Operate satisfactorily. Safety devices function properly. Remote and automatic control function properly. Pressure gauges in good order, and calibration is made every year. No leakage of steam / water / oil. Water level gauges in good order.

Item

Machinery in engine room Check Points


No leakage of oil / Sea water

Stern Tube Seal

Item Essential machinery

Machinery in engine room Check Points


Operate satisfactorily. Safety devices function properly. Remote and automatic control function properly. No leakage from pump grand Meters and gauges in good order.

Item Piping

Machinery in engine room Check Points


No heavy corrosion or leakage. No soft patches / doublers / cement box All valves operate satisfactorily.

Item Bilge lines

Machinery in engine room Check Points


Bilge pumps, pipings in good order. Emerg. Bilge suction Valve operate satisfactorily

Item

Machinery in engine room Check Points

Cleanliness of E/R Overall of Must be clean without rubbish or waste oil. Engine Room Guards and fencing Protection covers and/or guards All Meters and Gauges Self-closing device for sounding pipe of FO Tank Means to prevent oil spay provided on flange / joint in oil piping Insulation for all surfaces of machinery with high temp. above 220 deg. C

Item

Machinery in engine room Check Points


Engine Telegraph Alarm printer (UMS) Engine Console Extension alarm (UMS) M/E operation from Bridge

Automatic Control System

Item Lighting in E/R

Electrical system Check Points All lights in good order. Protection covers or guards in good order.

Item

Electrical system Check Points


All lights in good order. Protection covers or guards in good order.

Lighting in accommodation spaces

Item

Electrical system Check Points


All lights in good order. Protection covers or guards in good order.

Lighting in control station, working room, steering room and other spaces

Item

Electrical system Check Points


Condition in good order. No exposed wire, heavy corrosion, especially on weather deck.

Emergency cables

Item

Electrical system Check Points


All lights in good order without damage.

Emergency lights

Item

Electrical system Check Points

Anti-explosion lights All lights in good in order. dangerous spaces, No broken covers and guards. pump room, battery room, paint locker etc. Tightening handles available on board.

Item

Electrical system Check Points


Insulating mats available on board or insulation cement permanently laid up on the floor.

Insulating mats around MSB

Item

Electrical system Check Points


No alarm of low insulation

Insulation resistance

Item

Electrical system Check Points


Filling material in good order (no clearance)

Penetration in fire resisting divisions

Mooring arrangements
Item Check points

Anchor & chain cables

Condition in good order, no heavy wastage, missing components or damage. Stowage condition in good order.

Mooring arrangements
Item Check points

Windlass

Winches in good condition. Brake bands in good condition, no abnormal wear. Foundations, grating plates in good condition, no wastage, missing or broken sections.

Mooring arrangements
Item Check points

Mooring system

Winches in good condition. Brake bands in good condition, no abnormal wear. Foundations, grating plates in good condition, no wastage, missing or broken sections. Sufficient ropes available on board and in good condition. Capstans operate satisfactorily.

Docking Survey

01 Shell plating including keel plates, stem and stern frame(s) 02 Rudder(s) : Measurement Rudder Clearance 03 Sea inlets and overboard discharges and their valves below freeboard deck 04 Sealing devices for stern tube and shaft bracket bearing

Docking Survey

05 After end of stern tube : Measurement Tail Shaft Clearance 06 Propeller(s) 07 Valves and cocks on shell plating, sea chests and distance pieces 08 Anchors, anchor chain cables, ropes, hawse pipes, chain lockers and chain stoppers

Propeller Shaft Survey 01 Connection part with propeller (including examination of shaft by efficient crack detection 02 Propeller shaft except connection part with propeller 03 Stern tube bearing 04 Bearing wear down 05 Shaft bearing clearance 06 Open-up examination of sealing devices

Propeller Shaft Survey 07 Propeller boss bore in way of shaft taper section 08 Controllable Pitch Propeller (CPP) 09 Water lubrication line 10 Oil lubrication line including alarms, temperature measuring devices, L.O. pumps 11 Lubrication oil record book

The End