Container ships

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a. Passenger ships. 2 . b. Neo-Bulk – a subcategory of general cargo. 1. Containerised ii.cargo that may be affixed to a pallet.Two broad categories:  i. a. a. a. Bulk cargo Dry bulk Liquid bulk  2. Cargo ships General cargo Break Bulk . Palletised cargo facilitates the loading into the ship by crane or derrick. with the other subcategories of break-bulk cargo & containerised cargo.

Clinker . or grit & other waste materials. 3 . or a substance produced by mixing .a loose. Gravel .small pieces of stone or sand. Molasses .Slag . Coke . black deposit that can consist of coke. often mixed with sand. coal.waste material produced when coal is dug from the earth. charcoal.what is left after coal is heated & the gas and tar removed.a thick dark brown liquid made from sugar plants used in cooking.small rounded stones. which is burnt as a fuel. slag. Grit .

 The central part includes the hold constructed in accordance with the type of cargo to be transported.  In conventional large transport ships (e.  the propeller cannot be immersed fully.  the rudder cannot be submerged sufficiently → manoeuvrability worsens.  The front part of the ship includes the stem & store rooms (if any).  Loaded ballast lowers the draft. LNG carriers) the construction is used wherein ballast is loaded in order to control the gravity & prevent problems related to a shallow draft. container ships.  the ship is exposed to the impact of waves striking the ship bottom (so called slamming). shallow draft causes problems:  the degree of hogging during navigation is large. a deck superstructure with the navigating bridge & the means necessary for the propulsion of the ship: machinery & fuel tanks. tankers. 4 .  e.g.The rear part of the ship includes 1. it emerges from the water → a decrease in the propulsion performance & an increase in the load fluctuation on the propeller & main engine (propeller racing).g. bulk carriers.

stack and store these specific shapes. small vessels of up to 10.      5 .000 TEU. Cargo loading / unloading used to be slow.000 TEU (such as the Emma Maersk). Today's container ships are being built to take over 13. Initially. standardised carrying box.000 DWT. The term "Malaccamax" refers to the depth. Even larger vessels (the "Malaccamax") are now being constructed → take up to 18. or container at 20 feet long (the TEU = 20 foot equivalent unit) allowed for vessels to be designed to carry these standard sized boxes. Consequently dockside equipment needed to be designed to lift. carried no more than a few hundred TEU. This is the limiting factor for any vessel wishing to transit the Straits. as the shallowest part of the Malacca Straits is 25 metres deep.

deck containers 3. bridge castle front 2. foremast & mast top (pramčani jarbol)    4. 1. container refrigeration ducts (vod)    7. passageway (prolaz) 6  . double hull 8. insulated containers in holds 6. forecastle 5.

plywood. 7 . stainless steel-aluminium alloy. materials: mild steel. built to the ISO requirements.Freight container any article of equipment with an overall volume greater than 8m³ (rigid or collapsible) suitable for repeated use in the carriage of materials in bulk or package form and capable of transfer between one or more forms of transport. fibre-glass or combinations of these.

Containers carried in:  holds .containers are carefully secured to ensure that they will not shift.  no need for cargo handling gear.  weather decks . 8 . stowage loading . accessibility of the hold is of the utmost importance.  Vertical  large hatch openings.hatchways are very large. operate from wellequipped special terminals.  no ‘tween decks.cellular structure of angle bars forming container guides that stow containers on top of another.

1 foot taller than a standard 40' GP   Fully enclosed with strong. Open top container 20 foot (20’) & 40 foot (40’)      GP general purpose HC high cube 20 feet (6. rigid walls.192m) 9 .1 foot taller than a standard 20' GP) 40' HC .  20' GP (standard type) 40' GP (standard type) 20' HC .058m) 40 feet (12. One of the walls adapted to create a door opening.

 the only differences between high cube and their standard equivalents are the height and increased cubic capacity. 10 .

e.g. The 20 foot shipping container dimensions are categorised:   The 20 foot intermodal container sizes: 20 foot external container sizes (imperial) 20 foot internal container sizes (imperial)  20 foot external container dimensions (metric) 20 foot internal container dimensions (metric)   11 .

85 Floor Area (sq metres) 13.44 Container Height (metres) 2.93 Container Weight (tonnes) 2.44 Door Width (metres) 2.87 Container Width (metres) 2.35 Inside Capacity (cubic metres) 32.59 Inside Capacity (cubic metres) 32.06 Container Width (metres) 2.26 Container Length (metres) 5.4 Door Width (feet) 7’6″ Door Height (feet) 7’5″ Intermodal Intermodal Length (feet) Width (feet) 19’3″ 7’7″ Inside Intermodal Capacity Height (feet) (cubic feet) 7’9″ 1.33 Container Height (metres) 2.160 Floor Area (sq feet) 150 Door Width (feet) 7’6″ Door Height (feet) 7’5″ Container Length (metres) 6.44 Door Width (metres) 2.93 Container Weight (tonnes) 2.85 Floor Area (sq metres) 13.28 Door Height (metres) 2.160 Floor Area (sq feet) 150 Container Weight (tonnes) 2.26 12 .Intermodal Intermodal Length (feet) Width (feet) 19’10″ 8’0″ Inside Intermodal Capacity Height (feet) (cubic feet) 8’6″ 1.4 Container Weight (tonnes) 2.28 Door Height (metres) 2.

liquid or sensitive freight Insulated container Flat rack or platform container No fixed walls or any load-carrying structures. floor & walls) Tank or dry bulk container for food.Thermal container or reefer (interior insulation on the doors. roof. transport & distribution of wood or other heavy objects 13 .

floor 14.top end transverse member (cross rail) (gornje poprečno rebro kontejnera) 2. 4. 6. door header 6.bottom rear cross member corner fitting (oprema) 12. 10. 11. bottom end transverse member (bottom front cross) (poprečno rebro dna kontejnera) 2. corner post (ugaona greda kontejnera) 17. rod guide (motka) 9.    9. top side rail (gornja bočna ograda) 14 . hinge (šarka) 8. lever (poluga) door gasket (brtva) 11. 5. side wall panel (bočna stjenka) 4. cam end guide (bregast) cam end 10.     16. 8. 12. 3. fork lift pockets (otvori za manipulaciju s viljuškarom) 11a.   16. end door (čeona vrata kontejnera) 7. 15. 1.  7.      11a. bottom cross member (poprečna greda podnog okvira kontejnera) 13. bottom side rail (bočni okvir) 15. 13. front wall panel (čeona stjenka) 3. roof panel (ploha) 5.    14.   17. 1.

width and height.Container stowage plans   drawn up to assist in advance planning. The bay-row-tier system follows a system of numerical coordinates relating to length.  The stowage space of the container on board the ship is stated in numbers and is recorded in the shipping documents.  15 . document the positioning of containers on board.

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