What is acceleration? What is mass? What is force?

When the ball is release, the ball will reach the ground. Why?

8 Understanding Gravity .2.

Explain and determine the value of acceleration due to gravity  Define gravitational field and gravitational strength  Define weight  Solve problems involving acceleration due to gravity  .

Sir Isaac N ewton . G alileo Newton showed that the same force exists between all objects.What is gravity? Galileo and Newton helped us understand gravity as a force that exists between the Earth and objects. Even today. no one knows exactly why objects attract each other.

Isaac Newton 1655 .

.Objects fall to the ground at the same rate because acceleration due to gravity is the same for all objects.

Both objects reach the bottom at the same time Conclusion The acceleration of an objects does not depend on the mass .

8 ms-2  An object is falls freely under the influence of gravitational force only . g is 9.  The value of acceleration due to gravity. Definition: Acceleration of an object due to the pull of the gravitational force only.

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Definition: Region in which an object experiences a force due to gravitational attraction Any massive object that enters this field will experience a force of attraction This field will get weaker the further you go out from the centre of earth .

Earth: half size GRAVITATIONAL FIELD Earth: Half Size .

 Gravitational field strength is defined as the gravitational force per unit mass F g m N   Nkg 1 kg  Gravitational 9.6 N kg-1 field strength of the earth is .8 N kg-1  Gravitational field strength of moon is 1.

 Since . Weight is a measure of the gravitational force exerted on an object. gravity is a force and weight is a measure of gravity. weight is expressed in newtons (N).

 Define: Gravitational force acting on a body W  mg  Where mass is m and g is gravitational field strength or the acceleration due to gravity  Unit = N .

acceleration is the same for all objects.  This .8 m/s2. The rate at which objects accelerate towards Earth is 9. regardless of their mass.

towards the Earth. or away from the Earth. gravity pulls an object down. the air resistance pushes an object up. The amount of air resistance depends on the size and shape of an object.  While .

 An . object is in free fall only if gravity is pulling it down and no other forces are acting on it. an object is in free fall. When there is no air resistance.

calculate: Time the ball takes to fall the first 25m Time the ball takes to reach the ground The velocity of ball before it hits the ground a) b) c) .8 ms-2 . Using g = 9.A ball falls vertically a distance of 125 m to the ground.

6 ms-2 . What is Ali’s weight on the earth and moon if its mass is 70kg? Use g earth = 9.8 ms-2 and g moon = 1.

Question time… 1 3 2 4 .

Gravity .Question 1 Our bodies are pulled down to the earth's surface by A. Weight C. Newton’s B.

Question 2 Object with different mass have ……… acceleration due to gravity A. C. B. Difference Same Zero .

True False . B.Question 3 Value of acceleration due to gravity on earth is 9.8 ms-1 A.

Be constant B. the velocity of the object must…… A. Continuously decrease . Continuously change by varying amount each second D.Question 4 If an object fall with an acceleration due to gravity. Continuously change by the same amount each second C.

 Acceleration due to gravity is the acceleration of an object due to the pull of the gravitational force  Gravitational field is the region in which an object experiences a force due to gravitational attraction  Free fall is an object falls under the influence of gravitational force only  Gravitational field strength is the gravitational force per unit mass  Weight is the gravitational force acting on a body .