Alkylation

Nhóm 5:  Nguyễn Duy Quyền  Nguyễn Trọng Thái  Đinh Hoàng Thanh  Nguyễn Lê Tài Thu  Lương Thị Huyền Trang

Summary . Reaction Mechanism 5. Feedstock & catalyst 4. What’s alkylation? 2. Alkylation in the future 7. Description process flow 6. Purpose & significane 3.Overview 1.

What’s Alkylation • Alkylation is a conversion processes that combine light olefins (primarily propylene and butylene) with isobutene in the presence of a strong acid catalyst. either sulfuric acid or hydrofluoric acid Alkylation reaction Sulfuric acid catalyst .1.

Purpose & significane Alkylate is the most desirable gasoline blend stock       No Olefins No Aromatics Low Sulfur Low RVP (Reid Vapour Pressure) High Octane Good Distillation Characteristics Besides the alkylation of benzene with light olefins was also obtained alkylbenzenes with high octane .

Feedstock  Olefin: propylene.  Butylene: from dehydrogenation butane  Iso-butane: from C4s fraction of FCC . butylene.

Catalyst  H2SO4  HF .

Reaction Mechanism • Ionization mechanism to intermediate stage establish carbocation of proton acid catalyst .

Description process flow Depending on the acid used as catalyst  SAAU (Sulphuric Acid Alkylation Unit)  HFAU (Hydrofluoric Acid Alkylation Unit) .

isobutane Reactor Caustic scrubber Settler Deisobutanizer Alkylate Recycle acid Fresh acid Reject acid .SAAU (Sulphuric Acid Alkylation Unit) Feedstock Olefin.

HFAU (Hydrofluoric Acid Alkylation Unit) .

Alkylation in the future What can chemicals advance for the alkylation process?  Catalyst  Reactor  Technology conditions Catalyst Homogeneous catalyst Heterogeneous catalyst .

Alkylation in the future Homogeneous catalyst Heterogeneous catalyst The capital is very high Separate products: very difficult …… Reduce the capital for build the factory Separate products: very easy …… .

Alkylation in the future • Purpose of the Alkylation process??? To produce gasoline • Iso octane To petrochemical • LAB. LAS • PP .

Thank you for your attention! .