Points of Conflict in the History of Mindanao

Discussion by:

Yusuf 'Roque' Morales,PhD

October 2013

This discussion activity aims to :
1. Present a general framework wherein we thresh out a narrative of the conflict in Mindanao. 2. Present an initial evolution of the Conflict narrative in Mindanao

3. Allow the participants to create a new narrative based on the framework presented

Discussion by:

Yusuf 'Roque' Morales,PhD

October 2013

Conflict occurs…
a) When interests of different groups clash

b) When resources are limited
c) When groups are unable to reach a compromise d) When all available means of negotiation and resolution has apparently “been exhausted”

Discussion by:

Yusuf 'Roque' Morales,PhD

October 2013

Points of Conflict in the History of Mindanao
DISCOURSE OF CONFLICT 1. Narrative 2. Friction Points of Conflict -Message -Resources -Groups -Poltical Environment

3. Groups Involved
Discussion by: Yusuf 'Roque' Morales,PhD October 2013

Points of Conflict in the History of Mindanao
HISTORICAL EVOLUTION OF CONFLICT . Flast point: Butuan-Kaggi Pulaku (a.k.a Lapu Lapu) Narrative : Cross vs Kris / King vs Rajah/Datu Friction Points : Christianization and Colonization Resources : Spice trade and other East Indies Products Groups : Spain vs the Natives Political environment : Imperialism
Discussion by: Yusuf 'Roque' Morales,PhD October 2013

Points of Conflict in the History of Mindanao
HISTORICAL EVOLUTION OF CONFLICT Flast point: Tunduk & Kota Seludong (Battle of Bangkusay)

Narrative : Cross vs Kris / General vs. Datu Friction Points : Christianization and Colonization Resources : Spice trade and other East Indies Products Groups : Spain vs the Natives Political environment : Imperialism
Discussion by: Yusuf 'Roque' Morales,PhD October 2013

Points of Conflict in the History of Mindanao
HISTORICAL EVOLUTION OF CONFLICT Flast point: Moro Wars Narrative : Cross vs/ Kris King vs Sultan/Cross vs Agama Friction Points : Christianization and Colonization Resources : Spice trade and other East Indies Products Groups : Spain, Indios vs the Muslim Natives Political environment : Imperial vs Sultanate (Sulu and Maguindanao)

Discussion by:

Yusuf 'Roque' Morales,PhD

October 2013

Points of Conflict in the History of Mindanao
HISTORICAL EVOLUTION OF CONFLICT 4. Flast point: Independence (1890’s) and the American Era Narrative : Kraag vs Kris Friction Points : suddent intrusion of American Military policy into Moroland Resources : East Indies Agricultural and forest Products Groups : Americans/ Colonial government vs Moros Political environment : Colonization but gradual democratization
Discussion by: Yusuf 'Roque' Morales,PhD October 2013

Points of Conflict in the History of Mindanao
HISTORICAL EVOLUTION OF CONFLICT 5. Flast point: Commonwealth Homesteader Period Narrative : Land of Promise vs Diminishing land Friction Points : settlers and business vs original inhabitants Resources : Agricultural and forest resources Groups : Americans – settlers vs Mindanaoans Political environment : Colonization but gradual democratization through allowing datus to engage into electoral politics
Discussion by: Yusuf 'Roque' Morales,PhD October 2013

Points of Conflict in the History of Mindanao
HISTORICAL EVOLUTION OF CONFLICT

6. Flast point:

Black Shirts Period

Narrative : Land of Promise vs Diminishing land and Minoritization of the majority through Conflict Friction Points : Resources : Agricultural and forest resources Groups : Gradually empowered settlers vs Mindanaoans Political environment : creation of a political elite in Mindanao that enabled them to concentrate resources into the select few.
Discussion by: Yusuf 'Roque' Morales,PhD October 2013

Points of Conflict in the History of Mindanao
HISTORICAL EVOLUTION OF CONFLICT 7. Flast point: Martial Law Period Narrative : Land of Promise vs Diminishing land and Minoritization of the majority through Conflict Friction Points : land grabbing and large scale logging/mining/ fishing (rape of natural resources) Resources : Agricultural and forest resources Groups : Gradually empowered settlers vs Mindanaoans Political environment : creation of a political elite in Mindanao that enabled them to concentrate resources into the select few. Yusuf 'Roque' Morales,PhD Discussion by:

October 2013

Points of Conflict in the History of Mindanao
HISTORICAL EVOLUTION OF CONFLICT 8. Flast point: Post Martial Law Period - Aquino - Ramos Narrative : Land of Promise vs Diminishing land and Minoritization of the majority through Conflict Friction Points : Resources : Agricultural and forest resources Groups : private armed groups vs state forces Political environment : Peace agreement with the MNLF that resulted into the political evisceration of its members.

Discussion by:

Yusuf 'Roque' Morales,PhD

October 2013

Points of Conflict in the History of Mindanao
HISTORICAL EVOLUTION OF CONFLICT 9. Flast point: Post FPA Period - Erap - GMA

Narrative : Land of Promise vs Diminishing land and Minoritization of the majority through Conflict Friction Points : Resources : Agricultural and forest resources Groups : Political environment :

Discussion by:

Yusuf 'Roque' Morales,PhD

October 2013

Points of Conflict in the History of Mindanao
HISTORICAL EVOLUTION OF CONFLICT 10. Flast point: FAB Era
Narrative : Land of Promise vs Diminishing land and Minoritization of the majority through Conflict Friction Points : Resources : Agricultural and forest resources Groups : Gradually empowered settlers vs Mindanaoans Political environment : creation of a political elite in Mindanao that enabled them to concentrate resources into the select few.

Discussion by:

Yusuf 'Roque' Morales,PhD

October 2013