The Work Permit System: is system it?

consists primarily of a • What A work permit

standard procedure designed to ensure that potentially hazardous routine and non routine work on industrial installations can be carried out safely The procedure should define the need for the following essential steps:
!etails of the necessary preparatory work "lear definition of responsibilities Appropriate training of the work force Pro#ision of ade$uate safety e$uipment A formal work permit with or without attached specific checklists

• This work permit:
specifies the work to be accomplished and authorizes

System : When?
• )or all non*routine works& • )or hazardous routine works not co#ered by procedures& • When work is performed:
 by your employees  and/or third parties

The Work Permit System %+,-(: )or work? • A work what permit is kind re$uiredof in case of:
Potential o.ygen deficiency or enrichment Potential flammable,e.plosi#e atmosphere Potential high temperature,pressure Potential hazardous chemicals& e g : to.ic substances "onfined space entry& e g : tanks& cold bo.& pit& normally closed #essels /ypassing or remo#ing,altering safety de#ices or e$uipment 0le#ated works 1ntroduction of ignited sources where not permanently allowed %fire permit(& e g : open flame& welding& grinding& 0lectrical troubleshooting or repair on li#e circuits

The Work Permit System %-,-(: )or kind • 3r what also in case of: of work?
2anual or powered e.ca#ations 4se of mobile cranes 1nsulation or catalysts handling 4se of adapters Product con#ersion of stationary or mobile or portable #essels and containers Temporary or permanent changes& alterations& modification of e$uipment or processes& 0.posure to traffic& 0.posure to mo#ing,rotating machinery 1n pro.imity of #ents& li$uid of gas 3n process lines with gas release

The Work Permit : Why? + System /ecause:  1n charge of the work& you don5t know e#erything  about the site and the process around  about the work  Safety measures ha#e to be prepared  6ou cannot start the work without the 37 of the production personnel or the customer or the supplier  The production needs your 37 in order to re*start the plant after your work is .

The Work Permit System : With who? 1n order to define the scope of work for e#eryone concerned.in#ol#ed by and during the work& the Work Permit must be prepared with:  The person responsible for the work  The person%s( in charge of the production& the customer or supplier& who will release the process before the work starts .

• /efore issuing the Work Permit& you must: Describe the work to be done List all the specifications and drawings which are required Issue detailed planning with all involved entities Determine the logging and tagging procedures The Work Permit System : 8ow? • )ill*in together the work permit and sign& • The start of the work must be authorized by .

Equipment specification. 1t should include: Effect of other processes. Location of elevated pipelines and walkways. Purging and lock!out requirements. Pressure. #alve identification. Power supply isolation.  pecialist advice. "emperature. Location of underground services and pipes. Degree understanding of the :ob of isolation. %aterials of construction and compatibilities .System : 9e#iew of flowsheets& drawings andisspecifications Purpose of the re#iew to ensure all key persons in#ol#ed in :ob planning ha#e a thorough Process fluids and materials involved. $perating and maintenance instructions. Location of elevated power cables.

ects. rain. access.++ • "o identify potential ha'ards  . overhead. to-ic substances.++ . etc. site rules. etc. pressure. electricity. temperature.The Work Permit System : Work site inspection Anyone in#ol#ed and signing the Safe • "o inspect the work area Work Permit must #isit the work place in order:  &eighbouring activities. natural ha'ards (flood. underground. o-ygen. confined spaces.lammable. snow)*. moving ob. traffic. falls/trips/slips.

lushing.++ • "he procedure should include/  Logging and tagging procedures/ 0lectricity& process fluids 1nstrumentation& utilities %water& air& oil&'(  Depressurising. Isolating.System : !e#elopment of work Preparation of a detailed work procedure is procedures essential to ensure the work will proceed safely in a planned and logical manner: • . %ethod of repair. "iming of various operations. Draining. etc. Emergency procedures. 0eassembly and installation. #enting. &eeds to inform local authorities. . safety precautions and equipment. 2uality control. Details of any special equipment. Purging. Disassembly of equipment.ollowing requirements to be considered/  0eference drawings. . 1tmosphere checking. Pressure and leak testing.

3 60S . rotating machinery 3thers %state( '''''''' '' '''''''''''''''''''''''''''' :+ 1.ame : '''' '''''''''' ''''''' ''''''''' Signature : Person responsible for work : The successi#e steps of the work& the potential hazards and the safety precautions ha#e been e.3 + !raining + !epressurising + Physical 1solation + 0lectrical 1solation + Safety tags and locks + )lushing with water.ic + 3ther + Area marked off + Warning notices + Standby man + 0le#ated work + "ontractors trained + 0liminate ignition sources + )ire hose + )ire screen + Wet surrounding area + Audible.ca#ations + 4se of mobile cranes + 1nsulation or catalyst handling + 4se of adapters + Product con#ersion of stationary or mobile or portable #essels and containers + Temporary or permanent changes& alterations& modifications of e$uipment or processes + 0.plosi#e atmosphere + Potential high temperature .E".3 + =obs performed by contractors or temporary workers + Potential o.personnel been consulted ? 60S .air + Temperature normalisation + 9emo#e hazardous materials + )resh air #entilation + Atmosphere analysis : + 3.plained and understood .tinguishers Type : ''''''''''''''' 3thers %state( ''''' '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''' =+ PE0 $&&EL P0$"E<"I$& 60S .posure to mo#ing .ic& reacti#e& acid& caustic' ( + 2aintenance or repairs in areas& or to e$uipment or lines& containing or supposed to contain hazardous materials or conditions + "onfined space entry + /ypassing or remo#ing.3 .ampl e of form 8a#e all rele#ant departments.Permit System : 0.sol#ent + Steaming out + Purging with inert gas.3 + 8ead + )ace + 0yes + 0ars + 8ands + )eet + /ody + /reathing + 3thers State Special 9e$uirements : '''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''' >+ ?$0@ 17"3$0I 1"I$& 1ssuer : This certifies that 1 ha#e consulted all rele#ant departments.3 60S .ygen deficiency or enrichment + Potential flammable .3 60S .ygen + )lammable + To.3 60S .altering safety de#ices and e$uipment + 0le#ated work + 1ntroduction of ignition sources where not permanently allowed %fire permit( + 0lectrical troubleshooting or repair on li#e circuits + 2anual or powered e.3T APP<1"A/<0 4+ P$"E&"I1L 31510D 6 31510D$7 8$9 60S .personnel& discussed the scope of work& inspected the preparatory work and the work area co#ered by this Work Permit 1 therefore confirm that the work& as detailed in Section +& can be carried out . "ompany : '''''''''''''''''''''''''' Signature : A+ <L$ I&B Person responsible for work : Work completed 60S .posure to traffic %road& mail( + 0. e.posure to hazardous chemicals %to. P0E<17"I$& 60S .ame . pressure + Potential e.#isible warnings + "lear area of combustibles + )ire e.3 60S .

S  "32P<1A.T1)6 SA)0T6 P90"A4T13."0 W1T8 90?4<AT13.?S . )<3WS800TS  1.SP0"T W397S1T0  1!0.The Work Permit System : Work Planning  W397 S"3P0  90>10W !9AW1.S  !0>0<3P W397 P93"0!490 .

ecution  P90PA9AT396 W397  1SS40 W397 P0921TS  S4P09>1S13.?  90*1.T  90T49.?  W397 "32P<0T0!  T0ST1.STAT0 0A41P20. 23.The Work Permit System : Work 0.1T391. W397 P0921T .

? SA)0T6 P90"A4T13.? P91.? P9A"T1"0S  "90AT1.T1)61.1.S  3/S09>1.? W397 W1T8 P0921T A""0PT39 ."1P<0S 3) SA)0 W3971.? 8ABA9!S  !0)1.? W397 P0921T "3.System : Permit issuer5s  1.SP0"T1.? W397 A90A responsibilities  1!0.!1T13.S  90>10W1.

?$0@ P0$<ED70E 7&DE0 "1&DI&B P$"E&"I1L 31510D 1&D 1. P0E<17"I$& 1<<EP"I&B "3E 1.E ?$0@ PE0%I" $9 E0#I&B PE0%I" <$&DI"I$& <$%PL.The Work Permit System : Permit acceptor5s responsibilities 7&DE0 "1&DI&B $.I&B ?I"3 31&D91<@ P0$<ED70E .E".

The Work Permit System : 1n brief 2any accidents ha#e occurred due to • The Safe Work Permit is useful for: lack of Work Permit or non obser#ance of its consigned safety measures "he safety of persons in charge of the work "he safety of persons in charge of the process "he risk management of the process and equipment • 1t is not one more administrati#e .

Why Safety? .

Purpose • Pre#ent 2ishaps • "orrect 8azardous "onditions • 1mpro#e the Safety "ulture .

Inspections help… • Maintain a safe work environment • Control unsafe acts and conditions • Ensure operational efficiency .

or damage .1nspections 9e$uired afety personnel shall inspect all workplaces at least annually+ D "hey shall inspect high ha'ard areas more frequently based upon an assessment of the potential for in.uries. occupational illnesses.

Parts of an 1nspection • Pre*1nspection • 1nspection • Post 1nspection .

Pre -Inspection •IH Survey •Previous mishaps •Previous inspections •Maintenance records •Employee reports of unsafeunhealthful •Employee inspections •Identify processes .

"hecklist "ategories • • • • • • /uilding Safety 3ffice Safety )ire Safety 0lectrical Safety 0mergency 0$uipment Storage 2ethods .

1nspection • 1n*/rief D Work "enter Super#isor D )acility./uilding 2anager D 4nion 9ep .

What to <ook for? • • • • 7nsafe conditions 7nsafe acts (practices* 3ousekeeping practices Equipment operation and maintenance practices • Life safety equipments like firefighting eqip+ • Indoor air quality .

"ommon 3ffice Safety and 8ealth 8azards cont • Office furniture • Electrical equipment • Office machinery/tools • Video isplay !erminals • Ventilation • Illumination • "oise • Stress .

its D 8AB3P n 3thers D Work Procedures D Safety Training .4nsafe Acts • 3bser#e 0mployees • Ask Auestions D 0mergency 0.

1mplement "ontrols • 0ngineering "ontrols • Administrati#e "ontrols • Protecti#e 0$uipment .

The “Inspection Effect” • %easures employeeCs safety performance • 0einforces importance of safety 6 managementCs commitment • Encourages employees .

and e-pected outcome of the inspection ?ritten programs review ($ 31 requires about 4D programs and >D written procedures for a typical employer* ?all!to!wall walkthrough to identify unsafe conditions and unsafe acts 0eview of training records. inspection records. medical surveillance records. format. and maintenance records Employee interviews (1ccompanied by department supervisor or private* <losing conference with selected personnel to describe key findings and recommendations Detailed written report within : weeks .$ 31 Inspections "ypical $ 31 Inspections • • • • • • • $pening conference with selected managers to e-plain the scope.

COMPRESSED GAS SAFETY Hazards High Pressure + Flammable Asphy ia!" O idizer C#rr#si$e T# i% Cry#ge!i% .

COMPRESSED GAS SAFETY Hazards &sers #' %#mpressed gas sh#uld be%#me 'amiliar (i"h "he pr#per pr#%edures '#r #pera"i!g "he %yli!ders a!d "he pr#per"ies a!d i!here!" hazards #' "he pr#du%"s "hey %#!"ai!) Re'ere!%e labeli!g* ma"erial sa'e"y da"a shee"s a!d #"her sa'e"y li"era"ure '#r spe%i'i% hazard i!'#rma"i#!) .

# %#mpressed gas %yli!der sh#uld be a%%ep"ed '#r use "ha" d#es !#" legibly ide!"i'y i" %#!"e!"s) .COMPRESSED GAS SAFETY +de!"i'i%a"i#! The %#!"e!"s #' a!y %#mpressed gas %yli!der mus" be %learly ide!"i'ied) The labels applied by "he gas ma!u'a%"urer "# ide!"i'y "he %yli!der %#!"e!"s shall !#" be de'a%ed #r rem#$ed) .

COMPRESSED GAS SAFETY +!spe%"i#! Gas %yli!ders sh#uld be $isually i!spe%"ed "# e!sure "ha" "hey are i! sa'e %#!di"i#!) The %yli!der-s %#!"e!"s sh#uld be ide!"i'ied a" all "imes as (ell as "he %yli!der s"a"us .'ull* emp"y #r i! ser$i%e/) Cyli!ders shall be e0uipped (i"h .

COMPRESSED GAS SAFETY +!spe%"i#! Cyli!ders sh#uld be i!spe%"ed daily a!d pri#r "# ea%h use '#r %#rr#si#!* lea1s* %ra%1s* e"%) +!spe%"i#! sh#uld i!%lude "he %yli!der* pipi!g* sa'e"y relie' de$i%es* $al$es* pr#"e%"i#! %aps a!d s"ems) 2ea1i!g regula"#rs* %yli!der $al$es #r #"her e0uipme!" sh#uld be "a1e! #u" #' ser$i%e) .

COMPRESSED GAS SAFETY &se a!d Ha!dli!g Cyli!ders mus" be se%ured i! a! uprigh" p#si"i#! a" all "imes) The user shall !#" m#di'y* "amper (i"h* #bs"ru%"* rem#$e* #r repair a!y par" #' "he %yli!der* i!%ludi!g "he pressure relie' de$i%e a!d "he %yli!der $al$e #r "he $al$e pr#"e%"i$e de$i%e) C#mpressed gas s"reams shall !#" .

COMPRESSED GAS SAFETY &se a!d Ha!dli!g Cyli!der $al$e %#!!e%"i#!s "ha" d# !#" 'i" shall !#" be '#r%ed) Threads #! regula"#r %#!!e%"i#!s #r #"her e0uipme!" shall ma"%h "h#se #! "he %yli!der $al$e #u"le") +' a $al$e mus" be '#r%ed* i" is a g##d sig! "ha" "he (r#!g $al$e is bei!g used) The %yli!der $al$e shall be 1ep" %l#sed a" all "imes e %ep" (he! "he %yli!der is .

COMPRESSED GAS SAFETY &se a!d Ha!dli!g Pipi!g* regula"#rs* a!d #"her appara"us shall be 1ep" gas "igh" "# pre$e!" lea1age) This %a! be %#!'irmed by "he use #' a %#mpa"ible lea1 "es" s#lu"i#!) A lea1 "es" mus" be %#!du%"ed e$ery "ime "he %yli!der is re5%#!!e%"ed su%h as duri!g %yli!der repla%eme!") .e$er use #il #r grease #! %yli!ders) .

COMPRESSED GAS SAFETY &se a!d Ha!dli!g 6e'#re a regula"#r is rem#$ed 'r#m a %yli!der* "he %yli!der $al$e shall be %l#sed a!d "he regula"#r relie$ed #' gas pressure) Regula"#rs* gauges* h#ses a!d #"her appara"us shall !#" be used #! gas %yli!ders ha$i!g di''ere!" %hemi%al pr#per"ies u!less i!'#rma"i#! #b"ai!ed 'r#m "he gas ma!u'a%"urer i!di%a"es "ha" "his %a! .

e$er sm#1e ar#u!d %#mpressed gas %yli!ders) .COMPRESSED GAS SAFETY &se a!d Ha!dli!g Mai!"e!a!%e #' %yli!ders a!d "heir $al$es #r relie' de$i%es shall be per'#rmed #!ly by "rai!ed pers#!!el) A! emerge!%y resp#!se pla! shall be de$el#ped a!d impleme!"ed (here$er %#mpressed gas %yli!ders are used* ha!dled #r s"#red) .

COMPRESSED GAS SAFETY Cyli!der S"#rage C#!"ai!ers shall !#" be pla%ed (here "hey migh" be%#me par" #' a! ele%"ri%al %ir%ui" #r ar%) C#!"ai!ers shall !#" be e p#sed "# "empera"ure e "remes) S"#rage areas shall !#" e %eed 789 degrees F) 4al$e pr#"e%"i#! %aps mus" remai! i! pla%e a" all "imes e %ep" (he! %yli!ders are se%ured a!d %#!!e%"ed "# dispe!si!g e0uipme!") .

COMPRESSED GAS SAFETY Cyli!der S"#rage Ade0ua"e spa%i!g* #r segrega"i#! by par"i"i#!i!g shall be pr#$ided "# gr#up %yli!ders by hazard %lass) :he! # yge! a!d a!y 'uel gas are s"#red* "hey shall be separa"ed by a dis"a!%e #' 8. 'ee" #r by a !#!5%#mbus"ible barrier a" leas" 9 'ee" high (i"h a 'ire ra"i!g #' #!e hal' h#ur) Full a!d emp"y %yli!ders sh#uld be separa"ed) .

COMPRESSED GAS SAFETY Cyli!der S"#rage C#!"ai!ers shall !#" be s"#red !ear ele$a"#rs* (al1(ays* buildi!g egresses* u!pr#"e%"ed pla"'#rm edges* #r i! l#%a"i#!s (here hea$y m#$i!g #b3e%"s may s"ri1e #r 'all #! "hem) All %yli!ders shall be se%ured "# pre$e!" 'alli!g<"ippi!g<r#lli!g a!d shall be s"#red a!d used $al$e e!d up) Se%ure (i"h s"raps #r %hai!s %#!!e%"ed "# a (all bra%1e" #r #"her .

e$er li'" %yli!ders by "he %ap) Care mus" be "a1e! !#" "# dr#p %yli!ders #r a!y"hi!g "ha" %#uld .COMPRESSED GAS SAFETY Tra!sp#r" #' Cyli!ders Cyli!ders shall !#" be r#lled i! "he h#riz#!"al p#si"i#! #r dragged) A sui"able %ar" %arrier #r similar ma"erial ha!dli!g de$i%e desig!ed '#r %yli!der "ra!sp#r" sh#uld be used (i"h "he %#!"ai!er pr#perly se%ured "# "he de$i%e) .

COMPRESSED GAS SAFETY Resp#!sibili"ies C#mpressed gas %yli!ders shall be ha!dled a!d used #!ly by "rai!ed pers#!!el i! a%%#rda!%e (i"h appli%able regula"i#!s a!d guideli!es) Cyli!ders (ill !#" be issued "# pers#!!el u!"il "hey ha$e re%ei$ed appr#pria"e "rai!i!g) +! addi"i#! "# "his ge!eral sa'e"y .

COMPRESSED GAS SAFETY Resp#!sibili"ies Medi%al s"#rer##m pers#!!el re%ei$e %yli!ders 'r#m "he supplier a!d are resp#!sible #!ly '#r deli$ery a!d rem#$al #' s"#red %yli!ders '#r %li!i%s a!d lab#ra"#ries) Else(here* %yli!ders are deli$ered "# "he e!d user by "he supplier) They are !#" au"h#rized "# ma1e %#!!e%"i#!s #r dis%#!!e%"i#!s #' .

COMPRESSED GAS SAFETY Resp#!sibili"ies The e!d user is resp#!sible '#r "he sa'e use #' %#mpressed gas %yli!ders a!d "heir %#!"e!"s a!d '#r mai!"ai!i!g "he %yli!der i! "he same %#!di"i#! as i" (as re%ei$ed) They are als# resp#!sible '#r pla%eme!" #' "he %yli!der i! "he (#r1 area* %#!!e%"i#! #' pipi!g* regula"#rs a!d #"her appara"us a!d lea1 "es"i!g #' "he sys"em) .

Related Interests