Reading 800/3
Presented by: Mdm. Audrey Koh Sui Ean B. Education TESL (Honours) UK

Reading Carries the Highest Weightage….. 40%
• 6 Sections x 45 questions x 1½ hours: 1. One passage with graphics (Non-Linear) 2. 5 Comprehension passages

• Question types: 1. 3 option objective questions 2. 4 option objective questions

True 2. Select ‘NOT STATED’ if it CANNOT BE FOUND in the passage or stimuli. 1.Not stated Read very carefully before choosing the right answer. .False 3. * Do not use your general knowledge to answer the question.3-Option MCQ This questioning technique is introduced to really challenge candidates’ reading ability. if it is not in the passage. don’t assume you know the answer by choosing the one that is logically right.

LINE GRAPHS 6.PICTOGRAMS . NON-LINEAR FORMS: 1.Information Transfer Tip No.TABLES 2.BAR GRAPHS 5. 1: Identify the type of non-linear forms used.FLOW CHARTS 4.PIE CHARTS 3.

• • • • • • • Rise Go up Gain Increase Improve Escalate Incline • • • • • • • Fall/Drop Go down Loss Decrease Depreciate Deteriorate Decline .Information Transfer Tip No. 2: Learn the vocabulary commonly used in information transfer exercises.

• • • • • More than Higher than Most Highest Largest • • • • • Less than Lower than Least Lowest Smallest .

• Constant • Stable • Equal • • • • • • Steady Gradual Slight Maintain Minimum Marginal Sharp Drastic Steep Strong/Weak Maximum Record High/ Record Low • Doubled/2 Times • Tripled/3 Times • Quadrupled/ 4 Times • • • • • • • Erratic • Fluctuating .

(+) • Profit • Growth • Production • Increment (–) • Loss • Claims • Expense • Expenditur e • • • • • • • • • Cost Spent Incur Paid In Paid Out Trade Invest Import Export • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Start/Beginning Mid/Middle End/Ending Quarterly (1/4) Half (1/2) Weekly Fortnightly (2 Weeks) Monthly 1st Quarter (Jan-Mar) 2nd Quarter (Apr-Jun) 3rd Quarter (Jul-Sept) 4th Quarter (Oct-Dec) Annually (1 Year) Biannually (2 Years) Decade (10 Years) Century (100 Years) .

Reading Comprehension • Usually the difficulty level of the comprehension passages will increase with each passage. • For each passage. Critical Thinking . there will be 7-8 questions that cover: 1. Content 2. Vocabulary 3.

.e.Reading Comprehension Tip No. If the answer for Q1 is in LINE 5 and Q3 is in LINE 20. eg. 1 • Answers usually follow the sequence i. Read the passage carefully as the answer for the 2nd question is usually found between the answers for Q1 & 3. then the answer for Q2 is most likely around LINE 6 TO 19.

2 Use the anaphoric (before) or cataphoric (after) referencing technique to find the answer.Reading Comprehension Tip No. .

The researchers conducted the survey by giving them questionnaires to answer.Anaphoric reference (before the word): A study was conducted on 200 Malaysian respondents. 1) The word ‘them’ refers to a) the study b) the respondents c) the survey d) the questionnaire .

Cataphoric reference (after the word): It is one of the most common sleep disorders and a major health problem. In fact. 1) The word ‘It’ refers to a) sleep b) health c) insomnia . insomnia affects normal rest patterns and as a result insomniacs find it difficult to fall asleep.

Other common phrases used include: ‘Which of the following is true?’ . Profits increased due to high sales.Reading Comprehension TIP No. The product was a success. make intelligent assumptions. The product was expensive. All of the following statements are false except: a. d. The product was a failure. * Pay attention to words like ‘except’ and ‘not’ as it may trick you into choosing the wrong answer. i.3: When you cannot locate the answer directly you need to ‘infer’. The product was easy to use. Many people bought the product. Eg. b.e. c.

4 • For Vocabulary: Eg. Use anaphoric or cataphoric referencing. 4. . 2. Identify prefixes and/or suffixes. 3. 5. Identify the root word. Select the most likely answer.Reading Comprehension Tip No. The word ‘___’ in line 3 refers to 1. Eliminate impossible answers.

.Can you break this word down? deforestation forest – root word de – to remove -ation – noun to show process ie. Deforestation is the process of removing trees from the forest.

Degradation is the decrease of quality of something.Now can you figure this word out? degradation grade (level of quality) – root word de – to remove -ation – noun to show process ie. .

Desalination is the process of removing salt from water. .Now can you figure this word out? desalination saline (salty water) – root word de – to remove -ation – noun to show process ie.

It can be concluded that ______. 5 • For Prediction: Eg.Reading Comprehension Tip No. • Drawing Conclusion: Eg. A suitable title for the passage is ______. Read the text carefully before selecting the best title. . Read the entire text carefully before summing it up.

The writer develops his ideas using A compare and contrast B problems and solutions C cause and effect D timeline You need to read the text carefully to see the writer’s line of argument. .Reading Comprehension Tip No. 6 • For Writer’s Style: Eg.

The writer’s purpose is to A support B inform C go against D persuade You have to think about the writer’s main intention of writing the text. 7 • For Writer’s Tone: Eg.Reading Comprehension Tip No. .

(read at least 1 newspaper a day &1 book a week) 2. 1st time without referring to dictionary or friends. the 2nd try will be higher than the 1st or there is something wrong with……. (do each reading comprehension test TWICE. READ & READ SOME MORE.PRACTISE.READ.GENERAL TIPS The ONLY ways to improve are: 1. Logically.YOU! . 2nd time with reference. PRACTISE & PRACTISE EVEN MORE.

half the battle is won! Good Luck! .If you do well in reading.