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4. – 3. – 2. . –5.g.. 1. –4. 5... 2. –1. • For e... .:0.Introduction: • An integer is a number that can be written without a fraction or decimal component. 3.. • Integers can also be defined as a collection of whole numbers and their negatives.

• The Indian mathematician Aryabhatta is credited for the discovery of zero. • The “Integer” term was first used by Thomas Digges in 1571.Who invented it? • The integers were a result of a long and gradual development. .

positive(+) or zero. • The integer zero is neutral. but is an integer. It is neither positive nor negative.Types of Integers: • Integers can either be negative(-). . • Integers can be represented on a number line. which can help us understand the value of the integer.

. then each of the points represent an integer. • If on a line.Number Line: • It is a method to represent integers graphically. with some point marked as zero. several points are marked at equal distances.

+3. +7. For e. • They have value greater than or equal to zero. etc. .Positive Integers • Positive integers are the set of natural numbers including zero.g. • The are represented by a positive sign before the number. • They are present to the right of the zero on the Number-Line.

-7. .Negative Integers • Negative integers are the set of negative numbers before 0. -3. • The are represented by a negative sign before the number. For e. etc.g. • They are present to the left of the zero on the Number Line.

Usage of Integers: The integers are used in computers for calculations. and can be recorded as an integer. The height/depth of a place above or below sea level can be recorded as an integer. An image can be described as a collection of integers. . The temperature can be positive or negative for a place.

2 + (-3) = -(3-2) = -1 . For E. For E. -2 + (-3) = -5 Addition of 1 positive and 1 negative integer: o Find the difference of their absolute values and prefix the sign of the integer whose absolute value is greater.g.Rules for Integer operations: • Addition of Integers: Addition of 2 positive or 2 negative integers: o Add their absolute values and prefix the sign of addends to the sum.g.

) • Subtraction of Integers: Subtracting 1 negative from another negative: o When there are 2 negative(-ve) signs placed side by side with no numeral in between.g.(-2) = 3 + 2 = 5 Subtraction of 1 positive from 1 negative: o Convert the signs and then add the absolute values of integers add prefix minus sign. the 2 like signs become a plus sign.g.Rules for Integer operations: (contd. For E. 3 . For E.g. -2 – (-3) = -2 + 3 = 1 Subtraction of 1 negative from 1 positive: o Convert the like signs in case of negative signs and then add the integers. -3 – (+2) = -3 -2 = -5 . For E.

for subtraction: the difference between two integers is an integer.. .e.Properties of Integers: • Closure property: The integers are closed on addition. the sum of two integers is an integer. And the product of two integers is also an integer. i. Similarly.

g. a and b. a*b=b*a. • Associative property: Addition: o For any three integers. b and c.Properties of Integers: (Contd. For e. a. (a*b)*c=a*(b*c). Multiplication: o For any two integers. [(-3)×(-2))×4]=[(-3)×(-2×4)]=24 .g. For e. a and b.g. a+b=b+a.g. For e. a.) • Commutative property: Addition: o For any two integers. 9×(-6)=(-6)×9=-54. 5+(-6)=(-6)+5=-1. (a+b)+c=a+(b+c). b and c. 5+(-6+4)=(5-6)+4=3 Multiplication: o For any three integers. For e.

b and c. . a×(b-c)= a×b-a×c. a.Properties of Integers: (Contd.) • Distributive property: Distributive property of multiplication over addition: o For any three integers. Distributive property of multiplication over subtraction: o For any three integers. a. b and c. a×(b+c) = a×b+a×c.

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