MODULAR CO-ORDINATION

• • IN MODULAR COORDINATION, THE BASIC MODULE IS TO BE ADOPTED. AFTER ADOPTING THIS,FURTHER WORK IS NECESSARY TO OUTLINE SUITABLE RANGE OF MULTI MODULES WITH GREATER INCREMENTS,OFTEN REFERRED TO AS PREFERRED INCREMENTS.

A SET OF RULES AS DETAILED BELOW WOULD BE ADEQUATE FOR MEETING THE REQUIREMENTS OF CONVENTIONAL & PREFABRICATED CONSTRUCTION. THESE RULES RELATE TO THE FOLLOWING BASIC ELEMENTS:• 1. 2. • THE PLANNING GRID IN BOTH DIRECTIONS OF THE HORIZONTAL PLAN SHALL BE: 15 M FOR INDUSTRIAL BUILDINGS, 3M FOR OTHER BUILDINGS THE PLANNING MODULE IN THE VERTICAL DIRECTION SHALL BE 2 M FOR INDUSTRIAL BUILDINGS & 1 M FOR OTHER BUILDINGS. PREFERRED INCREMENTS FOR CILL HEIGHTS, DOORS, WINDOWS AND OTHER FENESTRATIONS SHALL BE 1 M. IN CASE OF INTERNAL COLUMNS, THE GRIDLINE SHOULD COINCIDE WITH THE CENTRE LINES OF COLUMNS. IN CASE OF EXTERNAL COLUMNS & COLUMNS NEAR THE LIFT AND STAIRWELLS, THE GRIDLINES SHALL COINCIDE WITH CENTRE LINES OF THE COLUMN IN THE TOPMOST STOREY.

COMPONENTS
THE PREFERRED DIMENTIONS OF PRECAST ELEMENTS SHALL BE AS FOLLOWS: FLOORING AND ROOFING SCHEME:- PRECAST SLABS AND OTHER STRUCTURAL ROOFING UNITS: • • • BEAMS • • • LENGTH:- NOMINAL LENGTH SHALL BE IN MULTIPLES OF 1 M. WIDTH:- NOMINAL WIDTH SHALL BE IN MULTIPLES OF 0.1 M ; & OVERALL DEPTH:- OVERALL DEPTH OF THE FLOOR ZONE SHALL BE IN MULTIPLES OF 0.1 M. LENGTH:- NOMINAL LENGTH SHALL BE IN MULTIPLES OF 1M. WIDTH:- NOMINAL WIDTH SHALL BE IN MULTIPLES OF 0.5 M ; & OVERALL THICKNESS:- OVERALL THICKNESS SHALL BE IN MULTIPLES OF 0.1 M.

COLUMNS • • HEIGHT:- HEIGHT OF COLUMN FOR INDUSTRIAL AND OTHER BUILDINGS 1 M ; & LATERAL DIMENSIONS:- OVERALL LATERAL DIMENSIONS OR DIAMETER OF COLUMNS SHALL BE IN MULTIPLES OF 0.1 M.

WALLS • THICKNESS:- NOMINAL THICKNESS OF WALL SHALL BE IN MULTIPLES OF 0.1 M.

STAIRCASE:• LINTEL • • • LENGTH:- NOMINAL LENGTH SHALL BE IN MULTIPLES OF 1 M. WIDTH:- NOMINAL WIDTH SHALL BE IN MULTIPLES OF 0.1 M ; & DEPTH:- DEPTH OF THE FLOOR ZONE SHALL BE IN MULTIPLES OF 0.1 M. WIDTH:- NOMINAL WIDTH SHALL BE IN MULTIPLES OF 1 M .

SUNSHADES/CHAJJA PROJECTIONS • • LENGTH:- NOMINAL LENGTH SHALL BE IN MULTIPLES OF 1 M ; & PROJECTION:- NOMINAL LENGTH SHALL BE IN MULTIPLES OF 0.5 M.

PREFABRICATION SYSTEMS
THE WORD „SYSTEM‟ IS REFERRED TO A PARTICULAR METHOD OF CONSTRUCTION OF BUILDINGS USING THE PREFABRICATED COMPONENTS WHICH ARE INTER-RELATED IN FUNCTIONS AND ARE PRODUCED TO A SET OF INSTRUCTIONS.

THE FOLLOWING ASPECTS, AMONG OTHERS, ARE TO BE CONSIDERED IN DEVISING A SYSTEM:
1. 2. 3. EFFECTIVE UTILIZATION OF SPACES ; STRAIGHT AND SIMPLE WALLING SCHEME ; LIMITED SIZES AND NUMBERS OF COMPONENTS ;

• ROOFING & FLOORING UNITS. THE EXTENT OF PREFABRICATED CONSTRUCTION DEPENDS ON THE EXTENT OF THE USE OF PREFABRICATED COMPONENTS. STORING AND TRANSPORTING . REGULATED LOCATIONS OF PARTITIONS . SIZES AND THE TECHNIQUE ADOPTED FOR THEIR MANUFACTURE AND USE IN BUILDINGS TYPES OF PREFABRICATION COMPONENTS • WALLING UNITS. SIMPLE JOINTING SYSTEM . STRUCTURAL CLARITY AND EFFICIENCY . • • • • • • LIMITED SIZES OF DOORS AND WINDOWS WITH REGULATED POSITIONS . EASE OF MANUFACTURING. . • MISLLANEOUS. STANDARDIZED SERVICE AND STAIR UNITS .PREFABRICATION SYSTEMS • • • LIMITED OPENINGS IN BEARING WALLS . THEIR MATERIALS. SUITABILITY FOR ADOPTION IN LOW RISE AND HIGH RISE BUILDINGS . SPEED AND EASE OF ERECTION .

REINFORCED/PRESTRESSED CONCRETE WALL ELEMENTS. LARGE PANEL FABRICATORS. PRECAST JOISTS AND TRUSSED GIRDERS. REINFORCED/PRESTRESSED CONCRETE TRUSSES. PRECAST JOISTS AND PLANKS FOR FLOORING AND ROOFING.TYPES OF PREFABRICATION COMPONENTS • WALLING UNITS:REINFORCED/PRESTRESSED CONCRETE COLUMNS. PREFABRICATED BRICK PANEL UNIT. • ROOFING & FLOORING UNITS:REINFORCED CONCRETE WAFFLE SLAB/SHELLS. REINFORCED/PRESTRESSED ROOF PURLINS. PRECAST LINTELS AND CHAJJAS. REINFORCED/PRESTRESSED CONCRETE SLAB UNITS. . REINFORCED/PRESTRESSED CONCRETE HOLLOW CORE SLAB. MISLLANEOUS:REINFORCED/PRESTRESSED CONCRETE CHANNEL UNIT.

LIGHT WEIGHT/CELLULAR CONCRETE SLABS. •THE STRUCTURAL SYSTEM COULD BE IN THE FORM OF IN-SITU FRAMEWORK OR LOAD BEARING WALLS. PRECAST CONCRETE L-PANEL UNIT. KITCHEN CILLS IN CONVENTIONAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTION. PREFABRICATED SANDWICHED CONCRETE PANEL. • THE FILLER WALLS MAY BE OF BRICK/BLOCK MASONRY OR OF ANY OTHER LOCALLY AVAILABLE MATERIAL. FULL PREFABRICATION SYSTEMS:• IN THIS SYSTEM ALMOST ALL THE STRUCTURAL COMPONENTS ARE PREFABRICATED. PREFABRICATED BRICK PANEL UNIT. & PRECAST FOUNDATION THERE MAY BE OTHER TYPES OF COMPONENTS WHICH MAY BE USED WITH THE APPROVAL OF THE AUTHORITY. HOLLOW/SOLID BLOCKS AND BATTENS. . THERE ARE TWO CATEGORIES OF OPEN PREFAB SYSTEM DEPENDING ON THE EXTENT OF PREFABRICATION USED IN THE CONSTRUCTION PARTIAL PREFABRICATION SYSTEM:• THIS SYSTEM IS BASICALLY USES PRECAST ROOFING AND FLOORING COMPONENTS AND OTHER MINOR ELEMENTS LIKE CHAJJAS.TYPES OF PREFABRICATION COMPONENTS MISLLANEOUS:REINFORCED/PRESTRESSED CONCRETE BEAMS.

etc. • Internal walls – resistance against vertical / horizontal loads.Depending on the extend of prefabrication this system can be full prefab system & partial prefab system. • Based on construction can be – • Homogeneous walls – could be solid. fire. PRECAST WALLS • Based on structural functions can be – • Load bearing • Non load bearing • Shear walls. and • Non homogeneous walls – composite or sandwich panels. • Based on location & function can be • External walls – may be load bearing or non load bearing. WALLING UNITS . hollow or ribbed.

PRECAST FLOORS • Based on composition. • Based on the way load transferred.g.g – channel slabs. E. hollow core slabs. • Non homogeneous floors – multilayered with combination of light weight concrete or reinforced / prestressed concrete. cored. . with filler blocks . • Two way system – imparting loads on the four edges. waffled or ribbed. channels & ties system. can be – • Homogeneous floors – could be solid. • One way system – transfers loads to supporting members in one direction only. – two way ribbed or waffle slab. E.

•Flights are normally unidirectional transferring loads to supporting landing. Metal balusters- •Plastic-coated embossed black •chromium-plated •2.STAIRCASE SYSTEMS •Consist of single flights with inbuilt risers and treads.5 cm in diameter: STANDARD STAIRCASE COMPONENT TO RISE 2660 MM LAYOUTS OF SOME TYPICAL STAIRCASE UNITS .

PREFABRICATED UNITS BEING ASSEMBLED ON SITE MODULAR OFFICE MADE UPOF USING PREFABRICATED UNITS A MODULAR HOUSING UNIT . •Toilet and kitchen blocks could be prefabricated and erected at site.BOX TYPE SYSTEM •Room sizes are prefabricated and erected on site.

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section 1 loads. taking into consideration the appropriate end conditions and loads in accordance with “structural design. •Adequate buttressing of external wall panels is important since these elements are not fully restrained on both sides by floor panels. Resistance to horizontal loading shall be provided by having appropriate moment and shear resisting joints or placing shear walls in two directions at right angles. errection and impact loads that might be expected during handling & errection.DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS Structure should be analyzed as a monolithic one and the joints in them designed to take the forces of a equivalent discrete system. forces and effects” Members should also be designed for handling. DESIGN RECOMMENDATIONS The below mentioned recommendations should be kept in mind for ensuring stability of such structure. The individual components shall be designed. . •Note : external wall panel connections are the weakest poinrs of aa precast panel building.

•Additional protection may be required in respect of damage from vehicles.DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS CONTD… •Provide restraint to all load bearing elements at the corners of the building. •Provision in design to reduce the probability of progressive collapse is essential in buildings of over six storeys and is of relatively higher priority than for buildings of lower height. These elements & the external ends of cross wall units should be stiffened either by introducing columns as connecting units or by jointing them to non structural wall units which in emergency may support the load. •The designer should maintain a close liaison( communication) with the builder/ contactor regarding the errection procedures to be followed. . •Ensure that any local damage to a structure does not spread to other parts of the structure remote from the point of mishap and that the stability is not impaired. the possibility of gas or other explosions which can remove primary structure shall be taken into account. •In prefabricated construction.

•Precaution – the detail of the unit and its seating should be sufficiently robust to withstand maximum stresses. •One element falls during errection and lands on an element below – due to further loading on lower element a chain reaction of further collapse is set. cladding or shear walls . such as partitions.e. means that the structure is not stable. •Pack of cards type collapse – absence of restraining elements.DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS •Provide proper connection to avoid the failures during construction time i. . •Precaution – joint required to resist moments and shears during errection stage.

CONSIDERATIONS TAKEN IN COMPONENTS PLANNING • Modular co-ordination • Repetition • Component weight • Standardization • Design • Integration of components • Economical • Higher productivity • Hassle free construction • Quality housing • Environmental friendly • Integration of other building • services .

MODULAR GRID Storey height = 2.8m Maintain consistency in components height • HORIZONTAL GRID DIMENSION Maintain the same except at living room for different unit types .MODULAR CO-ORDINATION •.

.REPETITION • FAÇADE .identical throughout the overall height with slight modification at the wall junction at some floors for architectural treatment.clean & simple ½ height façade .

from 1.8m • Use hollow core wall concept -reduce the weight -reduce no of components • Max hollow core wall length = 5.5m (weight 5. • Length of wall range .COMPONENT WEIGHT WALL •Numerous large wall panels.8 tons) .5m to 9.

HOUSEHOLD SHELTER •CASE I – SINGLE UNIT Component 1 Weight = 3 tons Repetition = 302 Component 2 Weight = 8 tons Repetition Base = 224 Modify = 78 .

TYPES OF PRECAST COMPONENTS TYPICAL FLOOR 1 2 3 Beam Duct Façade Ring ABOVE ROOF Ferrocement roofing slab Plank water tank Roof fascia 4 Household shelter 5 6 Partition Plank Screen wall Water tank beam Water tank stump 7 Prefab bathroom 8 9 10 Refuse chute Staircase flight Wall .

300 x 450.5m Slab . 1. .150.8 & 1.STANDARDIZATION •. .100mm thk . . 500 & 600mm Wall .0 & 2. Partition wall . Structural member .4m .75mm thk . Infill wall .100mm thk . Façade . PRECAST PRESTRESSED PLANKS . .300mm thk •Non-structural member . Additional width : 0. Standard width : 0. 175 & 200mm thk Beam . Thickness : 70mm for 150thk slab 90mm for 175thk slab 110mm for 200thk slab .4.

. PRECAST HOLLOW CORE WALL • Standardized core size = 500mm • Standardized end details •Standardized the mesh details in the core wall skin .

DESIGN FLOOR SLAB SYSTEM • Unprop plank • Cast in situ reinforced structural topping WALL JOINT Wall to wall • Standardized reinforcement and castellated profiles •Loop and dowel bar connection .

Wall to façade • • No external formwork Loop and stitch bar connection .

WATERPROOFING OF HORIZONTAL JOINT .