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E4004 Survey Computations A

Bowditch Adjustment

Traverse Adjustment
• Bowditch Rule
– based on the assumption that angles (bearings) are observed to the same degree of precision that distances can be measured

Bowditch Rule from E0007
• Adjust the angular misclose • calculate the misclose in position • adjust according to the formula
CorrLat 

l

l

L

CorrDep 

l

l

D

l  length of the current line

L = latitude of the current line
D = departure of the current line

 l = sum of the traverse line lengths

Bowditch - New Method
• • • •
B’ A

Adjust the angular misclose calculate the misclose in position consider the diagram AB’C’D’ is a traverse from A to D
C’ D’

D

Bowditch - New Method
• But the traverse coordinates of D’ are not the same as D • the misclose at D is D’D

C’
B’ A

D’

D

Bowditch - New Method
• Let the traverse line lengths be 1, 2 and 3 as shown • The total length of traverse is 1+2+3=6
C’
2 B’ A 1

3

D’

D

Bowditch - New Method
• In order to adjust the traverse such that D’ and D are coincident D’ would have to be corrected by a Brg and Dist equal to D’D

C’
2 B’ A 1

3

D’

D

Bowditch - New Method
• according to Bowditch the correction at each intermediate point is proportional to the length of each separate traverse line over the total traverse length times the misclose
C’
2 B’ A 1

3

D’

D

Bowditch - New Method
• In this example the correction at D’ must be
1 2  3 6  of the total misclose 6 6
C’
2 B’ A 1

• Divide D’D into 6 parts
3 D’
6 Corr 6

D

Bowditch - New Method
• The correction at B’ must be in the same direction but for a length proportional to 1/6 of the total correction

C’
2 A 1 B’1 Corr
6

3

D’
6 Corr 6

BAdj

D

Bowditch - New Method
• The correction at C’ must be in the same direction but for a length proportional to (1+2)/6 of the total correction

C’
2 A 1 B’1 Corr 6 BAdj
3 Corr 6

3

D’
6 Corr 6

CAdj

D

Bowditch - New Method
• The adjusted bearings and distances would form the lines as shown

C’
2 A 1 B’1 Corr 6 BAdj
3 Corr 6

3

D’
6 Corr 6

CAdj

D

Bowditch - New Method
• A close program can be used to calculate the adjusted bearings and distances and the adjusted coordinates

C’
2 A 1 B’1 Corr 6 BAdj
3 Corr 6

3

D’
6 Corr 6

CAdj

D

Bowditch - New Method
• Consider the triangle AB’B • Once the correction (D’D) is known both lines AB’ and B’B are known

• The line AB can be calculated by closure
C’
2 A 1 B’1 Corr 6 BAdj
3 Corr 6

3

D’
6 Corr 6

CAdj

D

Bowditch - New Method
• From Badj draw a line parallel to B’C’ • The bearing and distance BAdjC” are the same as for B’C’ • The line C”Cadj is the correction relevant to this line i.e. 2/6 Corr
C’
2 A 1 B’1 Corr 6 BAdj C” 3
6 Corr

3

D’
6 Corr 6

CAdj

D

Bowditch - New Method
• Close the triangle BAdjC”Cadj and the adjusted bearing and distance BAdjCAdj is found

C’
2 A 1 B’1 Corr 6 BAdj
3 Corr 6

3

D’
6 Corr 6

CAdj

D

Bowditch - New Method
• Similarly, draw a line parallel to C’D’ from CAdj • The line D”Dadj is the correction relevant to this line i.e. 3/6 Corr
C’
2 A 1 B’1 Corr 6 BAdj C” 3
6 Corr

3

D’
6 Corr 6 D”

CAdj

D

Bowditch - New Method
• Close the triangle CAdjD”Dadj and the adjusted bearing and distance CAdjDAdj is found

C’
2 A 1 B’1 Corr 6 BAdj
3 Corr 6

3

D’
6 Corr 6

CAdj

D