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# ANALYSIS OF VARIANCE FACTORIAL EXPERIMENTS

INTRODUCTION

FACTORIAL EXPERIMENTS
Factor : Kind of treatment who have several level/treatment Level : the several treament within any factor Example :
Variety/Strain Fertilizer Ration Animal housing

FACTORIAL EXPERIMENTS
Term : Factorial experiment is one in which the set of treatment consists of all possible combination Notation
Factorial experiment 2 x 2 : consist of 2 factor experiment with 2 level for each factor. Example A factor with 2 level (a1 and a2), B factor with 2 level (b1 and b2) The combination of 2 factor are a1b1, a1b2, a2b1, a2b2.

Factorial experiments is just only method to arrange treatment combination. Application this treatment dependent of environment or heterogenous experiment unit, do by RCD, RCBD, LSD.

## DATA OF FACTORIAL EXPERIMENT 2X2 RCD WITH 4 REPLICATION

a1b1 Y111 Y112 Y113 Y114 Y11. A1b2 Y211 Y212 Y213 Y214 Y21. a2b1 Y211 Y212 Y213 Y214 Y21. a2b2 Y221 Y222 Y223 Y224 Y22. y

## CROSSTAB TREATMENT COMBINE

b1 a1 a2 TOTAL Y11. Y21. Y.1. b2 Y12. Y22. Y.2. TOTAL Y1.. Y2.. y

TREATMENT EFFECT
Simple Effect
Effect of at once factor at each level of another factor :
A at b1 A at b2 B at a1 B at a2

Main Effect :
Averages of simple effect :
Main effect of A Main effect of B

Interaction effect :
The difference between the simple effects Example AB Interaction Effect (measures the failure of the A effect, to be the same for each level of B, or conversely). Curve of Interaction effect

## COEFFICIENTS FOR COMPARISONS IN FACTORIAL

Effect of A B AB a1b1 -1 -1 +1 Y11. a1b2 -1 +1 -1 Y12. a2b1 +1 -1 -1 Y21. a2b2 +1 +1 +1 Y22. C12 4 4 4

## TO ARRANGE OF ANALYSIS OF VARIANCE

Computing of SS (Sum Square) use comparison coefficient Conventional Computing of SS Arrange of ANOVA list Linier Model Statistic Hypothesis

## AN0VA (ANALISIS OF VARIANCE) LIST OF Factorial CRD

SV Treatment A B AB Error Total DF ab -1 a1 b1 (a-1)(b-1) ab(n 1) abn - 1 SS SSTr SSA SSB SSAB SSE SST MS F F Table 1% , 5%

SSA/MSG

SSB/MSG SSAB/MSG

## AN0VA (ANALISIS OF VARIANCE) LIST OF Factorial 2X2 CRD 4 REPLICATION

SV Treatment A B AB Error Total 3 1 1 1 12 15 DF SS SSTr SSA SSB SSAB SSE SST MS F F Table 1% , 5%

SSA/MSG

## MSA MSB MSAB MSE

SSB/MSG SSAB/MSG

SS Computation
Linier Model SSTotal, SSTreatmet, SSError SSA, SSB, SSAB Statistic Hypothesis

RESUME AT FACTORIAL
First, see at AB interaction effect. If, AB interaction effect is not significant , indicates that the factors are independent, difference between simple effect A for two level of B is not significant, and, conversely. If, AB interaction effect is significant , indicates that the factors are not independent, difference between simple effect A for two level of B is significant, and, conversely.

## IF, SIGNIFICANT INTERACTION EFFECT

If, each one of Simple effect had not same effect at each level of the anoher factor Forward test at simple effect :
A at b1 A at b2 B at a1 B at a2

## IF, NOT SIGNIFICANT INTERACTION EFFECT

If, each one of Simple effect had same effect at each level of the anoher factor Forward test at main effect
A main effect B main effect