Recycling Process of Textile Waste

Textile Recycling .
Textile industry is accused of being one of the most polluting industries. Not only production but consumption of textiles also produces waste.

Textile recycling is the reuse as well as reproduction of fibres from textile waste.

corduroy. which have already passed through the consumer market. .Classification of Textile Waste Pre-consumer or Post-consumer textile waste. Post-consumer textile waste is the waste of fleece. . Pre-consumer textile waste is the leftovers or by-products from textile-. nylon. fiber. cotton.or cotton industries. and linen. wool. flannel. denim.

apparel-making processes and from the retail industry.• Pre-consumer waste – Textile waste arised during yarns and fabric manufacturing. – Apart from these textile wastes other wastes such as PET bottles etc. They are the post-industrial waste. are also used for recycling polyester fiber. .

are sold or donated. – Most recovered household textiles coming to these organizations.• Post-consumer waste – Average lifetime of any clothing is deemed to be for about 3 years. The remaining ones go to either a textile recovery facility or the landfill. These are post-consumer waste. after which. or undesirable clothes are also thrown away. . they are thrown away as old clothes. Sometimes unfashionable.

Landfills . Recycling • 3. they are: • 1. there are four ways of handling the waste. In order of priority. Source Reduction • 2. Incineration • 4.Waste Management • In general.

E. Internal reuse of waste. . reuse in other products etc.g.Source Reduction • To have little or even zero waste Source Reduction is generally the first step that should be considered in an integrated waste management system. Avoiding waste generation.

g. E. • Textile waste e. shredded.g. . PP has same heat value as that of gasoline. loose fibers can also be reincorporated into a palatalized fuel.Incineration • It is a process of burning the solid waste to recover the heat energy. Short.

Textile waste in landfill contributes to the formation of leachate as it decomposes. .Land Fills • It should be the last alternative in an integrated Waste management system. which has the potential to contaminate both surface and groundwater sources. The decomposition of organic fibers and yarn such as wool produces large amounts of ammonia as well as methane.

• The least expensive and least adverse effect on the environment is when a component can be recycled into its original product. .Recycling • Recycling is a key concept of modern waste management. Recycling is the reprocessing of waste materials into new or reusable products.

So how do textiles impact on the environment? Textile products have a large impact on the environment. . energy and resources are used and waste is produced. This is because at every stage of the product’s life cycle.

it will be put into a Landfill site or incinerated . If a product is thrown out as refuse.A Throwaway Society? The fashion industry encourages consumers to continually update their wardrobes with the latest fashion trends.

Softeners to improve the feel of the fabric In addition to producing lots of chemical waste they.How does Manufacturing of Textiles affects environment Dyeing and finishing processes use lots of chemicals.Chemical dyes .. ...Resins to make fabrics shrink proof .Use and contaminate large volumes of water. -Require energy to drive the machinery . . For example..

How does Manufacturing of Textiles affects environment Most of the solid waste goes to landfill sites and the molecular waste goes into the atmosphere. rivers. soil or plants . oceans. ground water.

.How does Laundry and aftercare affects environment Most textile products need cleaning and maintaining throughout their life. washing. This is done through processes like..... dry cleaning and ironing .

. Lay planning and pattern cutting To use computerised ______________ automotive industry To use fabric scraps within the ___________ To look at ways of using waste textiles in the manufacture of new textile products _______ .Waste Textiles Possible methods of reusing and reducing textile waste...

Renewable Sources of Energy Industry depends on fossil fuels such as _______. and companies are trying to use water or __________ wind alternative technologies such as _________ power . oil coal and natural gas _________ Production methods need to be improved to consume less energy ______________.

The requirement of landfill space is reduced.Why Recycle Textiles? • • • • • • • Carbon footprint reduction Clean air preservation Reduce energy consumption Water conservation Woodland conservation Pressure on fresh resources too is reduced. .

ties. etc.) • Many of our members recycle books. missing buttons. and hard toys as well! . cd’s. belts. tapes. stuffed toys. handbags. broken zippers • Household textiles (curtains. table linens. stained. shoes. blankets. bedding. hats.What Can Be Recycled? • Usable clothing • Unusable clothing – torn.

Where Do Recycled Textiles Go? • • • • 45% used for secondhand apparel 30% become wiping and polishing cloths 20% reprocessed into fibers 5% is unusable .

" "tearing" process• uses spiked surfaces on drums to separate fibers from fabric .Recycled process of textiles • Fabrics removed from bale manually or with a bale cutter • Fabric pieces blended • Fabrics cut with a rotary blade • "Picking/' "pulling.

filament.similar to carding.sandwich type. .Recycled process of textiles (cont.reduces cord. fabric trim to fiber. or mixed in a chamber • Baled • Willowing (a possible process) . matted fibers • Garnetting (also possible) .) • Blending . yarn. Opens entangled.

Designers that make their garments from recycled goods Gary Harvey – Dress made from recycled sweet wrappers! Gary Harvey – Denim dress made from 42 pairs of Levi jeans! .

Textile Recycling Drives the Economy • • • • • • Job creation Market creation Small business promotion Charitable funding Recycled product development Creates affordable clothing opportunity .

• Textiles MUST always be kept clean and DRY so they cannot be co-mingled • SMART is primarily made up of small companies with limited resources for PR efforts.The Challenges of Textile Recycling • It is very labor-intensive. Everything is touched by human hands. .

mattress stuffing.What Must Change? • More education. etc. especially in schools • Public Service Announcements • Edits or Regulations prohibiting disposal of textiles • Changes in labeling laws to allow fibers made from ground up clothing to be used as furniture stuffing. .

etc.) • Government tax incentives for textile recyclers to invest in equipment . school grounds.What Must Change? • Municipalities requiring public works or schools to only use wiping rags made from recycled textiles rather than paper • Municipalities locating collection boxes in key areas (near recreation fields.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful