A SEMINAR REPORT ON “MOBILE TRAIN RADIO COMMUNICATION” : PRESENTED & SUBMITTED BY: Ms. KRUTIKA CHAUDHARI (Exam No.

U10EC032)

2013-2014 DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING

Content
Introduction about mobile communication
Introduction. Mobile communication principle. Western Railway suburban system. Disambiguation: Two-way versus telephone.

Mobile Radio

Introduction about Mobile radio. . How does a mobile radio work? About Radio communication.

History about Mobile radio

Overview. . Description of mobile radio communication. Multiple radios set. v Why do we need a mobile radio? Application.

then requirement of frequency pair shall be two.principle      Each mobile uses a separate. Communication between mobile units can be either halfduplex or full-duplex. temporary radio channel to talk to the cell site. Channels use a pair of frequencies for communication. then the requirement of frequency pair shall be one per cell . When communications between mobile units are within a cell. then it shall require only one pair of frequency. If the same is full-duplex. and if the same is half-duplex. When a mobile unit is communicating with a mobile unit outside the cell.

Traditional mobile service was structured similar to television broadcasting.  Basic Mobile Telephone Service Network  .

Communication type  The different types of communication systems available today. GSM1800. GSM1900 systems. The frequency is GSM900.Cellular System . Landline System .     . Which are based on radio frequencies.Satellite System : point to point system. Two Way Radio System : The evolution of the Two-way Systems has been both as a point to point and a point to multi point system.

.GSM-R  GSM-R. Global System for Mobile Communications – Railway or GSM-Railway is an international wireless communications standard for railway communication and applications. it is used for communication between train and railway regulation control centres. A subsystem of European Rail way Traffic Management System (ERTMS).

About train radio  Western Railway has gone for a mobile communication system in its suburban section in Mumbai. . This project is a part of the Train.

Continue Passenger service  Passenger information  Online advertisement  Online TV/Radio  Operational service  Train control  Online ticketing  .

Principle of data transmission: Train track Radio mast with directed antennae GHz radio Mast cable GHz radio GHz Transceiver WLAN Access Point Optical fiber Radio control (MRCU) .

Radio. Radio system Internet on board Signalling (CBTC. SMS Diagnosis. Maintenance Train control data TRainCom. VPN. Passenger Info.Online TV Advertising GSM network Online diagnosis Voice (VoIP) CCTV Signalling (CBTC. ATO) Internet TV. ATO) Online TV Advertising. Ticketing GSM access onboard CCTV Voice (VoIP) Online diagnosis . Online games GSM. Advertising. Ticketing Web. email.

automobiles. and other vehicles. ships. The mobile radio.MOBILE RADIO  Mobile radio or mobiles refer to wireless communications systems and devices which are based on radio frequencies  The mobile radio is a two-way communication gadget that operates through radio frequencies. Mobile radio systems may be used for communications in aircraft. also known as a two-way radio system.   .

Fiber.System architecture: RBS (Radio base station) Tx/Rx-Antenna 5.8 GHz Transceiver Antenna cable Rx-Antenna Transceiver cable RBS Connection box RBS Power supply RBS switch Cable inlets (Power. Transceiver) .

 .Continue…  Radio transmitter and receiver used for transmitting and receiving voice and data to and from mobile phones in a particular cell. The number of frequencies available for use by mobile networks is small compared to the number of subscribers so the same frequencies have to be re-used. Each antenna site or base station consists of a mast or existing building to support the antennas and associated transmission and network equipment. The radio signals are transmitted by the antennas. Mobile networks consist of interconnected base station sites serving areas called cells. giving rise to the terms cellular communication and cell phone.

TR5800 Transceiver Antennae connectors Combined power and data connector .

and where the path of communications is movable on either end. There are a variety of views about what constitutes mobile equipment. This means that its average operating range is from 150 to 470 MHz to transmit a message.  . The radio transceiver contains transmit and receive frequencies. Very high frequency (VHF) and ultra high frequency (UHF) allow a mobile radio to operate on maximum coverage. Most mobile radios operate on a single band of frequency.How does a mobile radio work?  Mobile radio or mobiles refer to wireless communications systems and devices which are based on radio frequencies.

. These systems used one-way broadcasting instead of two-way conversations. One of the major challenges in early mobile radio technology was that of converting the six or twelve volt power supply of the vehicle to the high voltage needed to operate the vacuum tubes in the radio.History of mobile radio   Early users of mobile radio equipment included transportation and government.

The most common antennas are stainless steel wire. . Microwave antennas may look like flat panels. the size and shape being determined by frequencies used. Antennas look like blades or fins.Antenna   A mobile radio must have an associated antenna.

Why do we need a mobile radio?  Mobile radio in transportation. and general operations makes communication fast. It allows control centers to monitor location of vehicles and dispatch announcements to several receivers simultaneously. the range of its area coverage is very high and is not dependent on a cellular network. efficient and safe. security.   .

  . And also Railway have taken the initiative of implementing mobile train radio communication between the driver and control room.Application  A mobile radio use in ambulance often has two sets of controls: one in the patient area and another near the driver. According information received from railway source mobile train radio communication system use GSM-R technology.

Figure : Dual control mobile radio .Continue..

control microphones Data radio Professional Mobile Radio .Conitue… Multiple.

THANK YOU .

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