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Population Education

Reproductive Health

Population Education
- The process of developing awareness and understanding of population situations for the attainment of quality of life for the individual, family and the world. - Aims to solve the problems of rapid population growth and strike a balance between the number of people and the resources of the country

Reproduction: A Blessing or a Bane? .

.Includes an understanding of the biological elements and awareness of the social and cultural context in which sexuality. its function and process .The state of complete physical. mental and social being and the absence of disease or infirmity in all matters relating to the reproductive system. reproduction and child rearing are carried out .

The state of fertility is usually measured by the number of children a couple has during the woman’s reproductive stage .A couple is said to be fertile when they are capable of reproducing ..

she becomes in fecund .When a woman stops menstruating.It is estimated by ascertaining the reproductive limits of a human being .A biological capacity of a woman (or a couple) to have children in the future .Fecundity .

Human Reproductive Process REPRODUCTION .The process by which life is maintained from one generation to the next .

To produce. maintain.Male Reproductive Sytem The purpose of the organs of the male reproductive system is to perform the following functions: .To produce and secrete male sex hormones responsible for maintaining the male reproductive system .To discharge sperm within the female reproductive tract during sex . and transport sperm (the male reproductive cells) and protective fluid (semen) .

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.small tubes leading from testicles up into the body cavity to the top of the prostate gland Internal Organs . nourish and transport the sperm cells once they are produced a) VAS DEFERENS .Series of glands and ducts that store.

gland surrounding the neck of the male’s bladder e) EPIDIDYMIS .duct carrying urine from the bladder to the penis c) SEMINAL VESICLES .small coiled tube attached to the upper part of each testicle where the sperms are stored for 6 weeks while they mature .serves as storage compartments of the sperm d) PROSTATE GLAND .b) URETHRA .

and releases the sperm a) TESTES .male sex organ that is inserted into the woman’s vagina during sexual intercourse .primary male sex organs or gonads .the shaft.External Organs .produces.produces the sperm b) PENIS . stores. or body of the penis is made up of 3 cylinders composed of spongy erectile tissue .

normally occurs in the fallopian tubes. called the ova or oocytes. . the uterus offers a safe and favorable environment for a baby to develop before it is time for it to make its way into the outside world. In addition.Female Reproductive Sytem . the female reproductive system produces female sex hormones that maintain the reproductive cycle. The system is designed to transport the ova to the site of fertilization.The female reproductive system is designed to carry out several functions. the system is designed to menstruate (the monthly shedding of the uterine lining). the fertilization of an egg by a sperm. If fertilization does not take place. After conception. Conception. It produces the female egg cells necessary for reproduction.

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2 almond shaped glands in the female abdominal cavity..Provides the environment in which the fertilized egg can develop into a baby Internal Organ a) OVARIES (gonads) .one egg cell matures every 28 days and is released from the ovary . located on their side of the uterus .

b) UTERUS / WOMB . Thhis serve as a pathway for the egg cell as it is released from the ovary. and where fertilization takes place .connect ovaries to the uterus.hollow and muscular pear shaped organ where the baby develops after an ovum is fertilized c) FALLOPIAN TUBES or oviducts .

muscular tube that connects the uterus outside the body .External Organs a) VAGINA .

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Begins at puberty . cells in the endometrium gradually die and bleeding occurs..A monthly process that occurs in woman's body .Menstrual Cycle .the first menstruation is called “menarche” .If fertilization does not take place.The release of this tissue and blood is called “menstruation” . .

The fertilized ovum is then deposited and implanted in the thickened endometrium within 7-10days where it develops and begins the process of pregnancy .Union of the sperm cell and a mature ovum .FERTILIZATION .This process occurs in the upper third portion of the fallopian tube .