68 views

Uploaded by ascd_msvu

J. Rushton, Class of 2014

save

- Jet Propulsion
- j-intro to momentum-sb-ans
- the effect the type of surface has on a bouncy balls return height
- physics cap matrix marked for final exam 2014
- unitplan doc
- momentum.ppt
- (13) Soalan-soalan JSU
- Physics Tutorial 3
- CM-Kaist Lecture Note(2013)
- Iavsd 2007 Zhou
- Linear Momentum
- add heading
- FR 10 - Relative Density
- Momentum and Impulse
- Physics Unit 1 Paper 2 May June 2013
- HyperPhysics:Seat Belt Danger people have been killed by hanging seatbelts, When would you be better off not wearing your seatbelt?
- FLUENT-Intro 14.0 L04 SolverSettings
- ME1100_02_Work
- Dec 2014
- Lorentz invariants
- Know Your Magnetic Field
- CES_66_5357_CFD simulation of hydrodynamics of gas–solid multiphase flow in downer reactors revisited
- Stoves in Three Counties of China Part 2
- Spare List
- bethe1937
- Fundamentals of Fluid Dynamics for Airplane Designers
- 11_physics_lyp_2017_set1.pdf
- Application and Conclusion
- Aieee Physics
- CMO 46 s2007 - Annex III Course Specification CerEng
- Geography of Christmas
- Poetry Lesson
- Ancient Explorers
- Green Giant Visualization and Note Taking
- Grade One Unit Plan
- Snowball Descriptive Writing
- What do you see?!
- Wants Vs. Needs
- Bouncy Ball Lesson
- What Makes Me Special
- Novel Lesson
- Author Interview
- Snow Shoe Adventure Science Lesson
- Language Arts Gender Lesson
- Snowman Lesson Plan
- snowy_day
- Unit Lesson Plan - Identity
- Canada Food Guide Lesson Plan
- Math 11 Essentials - Buying a House Project
- Grade 9 English Lesson Plan
- Portfolio Jeans
- Geography of Crystals
- Sketch to Stretch
- Portfolio Jeans
- Geography of video games
- Geography of Perfume Portfolio
- Force and motion
- Boardgame
- The Marshmallow Challenge
- Geography of the Oceans
- Electro 1
- Dinámica
- 174 Gyroscopic Effect on Naval Ships
- Nonliner Dynamics of Cable Stays_part 1_sinusoidal Cable Support Excitation_2005
- guia-III-PS
- Electricidad I
- Analise de vibrações
- C.1 Fuerzas. Peso y Masa
- Trabajo Final de Dinamica
- Desbalanceo Mecanico.pdf
- The Key to Golden Age and New Technologies
- Eserciziario Ceolimpiadi
- Physics Problems Solved
- Practica Nro11.3
- 253716918-Ejercicios-Resueltos-de-Dinamica.docx
- P_02_propiedades de La Materia
- PRE TERMO
- Universal Unified Theory
- Weight is the Force of an Object Due to a Gravitational Field
- Física - 12ª _2ª Ep 2012
- midterm review sheet
- Caida Libre
- ASVAB Mechanical Comprehension Practice Test 4
- fisicaI3er
- Ejercicio Lineas
- LAB N° 4 - LEY
- fisica mruv
- Informe Ensayo Modificado de Compactación Inv E-142
- Taxa metabólica basal
- Physics 140 Answers Smart Physics02

You are on page 1of 40

Momentum & Energy

EFFICIENCY

Efficiency is the ratio of useful energy or work output to the total energy or work output.

EFFICIENCY

A model rocket engine contains explosives storing 3.5*10^3J of chemical potential energy. The stores energy is transformed into gravitational potential energy at the top of a rocket’s flight path. Calculate how efficiently the rocket transforms stored chemical energy into gravitational potential energy if the 0.500kg rocket is propelled to a height of 1.00*10^2m.

EFFICIENCY

CHAPTER 17 – CONSERVATION OF ENERGY AND MOMENTUM

Law of conservation of energy: Energy can not be created or destroyed, or may only be transformed. Thus, the total energy of an isolated system must be constant over time.

ENERGY TRANSFORMATIONS

You’ve talked about kinetic, potential, and gravitational energy – all mechanical energies. Now we will talk about what happens to the energy after you’ve done work on the object.

If you shoot a hockey puck down an ice surface, what will eventually happen? It has lost the mechanical energy that we’ve given it!

**CONSERVATIVE AND NONCONSERVATIVE FORCES
**

If you lift a book one meter above a table and release it, what happens? If you push a book across a table, will it automatically return to its original spot? What are we doing work against in the first case?

And the second?

**CONSERVATIVE AND NONCONSERVATIVE FORCES
**

Now, if you lift the book one meter above the table, and then carry it across the room, have you done more work on the book than in the first case? If you push the book from one side to the other, and then push it back to its original position, have you done more work than before?

**CONSERVATIVE AND NONCONSERVATIVE FORCES
**

Conservative force – does work on an object in a way that is path independent. Non-conservative force – does work on an object in a way that is path dependent. Conservative forces are reversible!

**CONSERVATION OF MECHANICAL ENERGY
**

When all of the work done throughout a process is done by conservative forces, the total mechanical energy of the system before the process is equal to the total mechanical energy at the end of the process. Ek + Eg + Ee = E’k + E’g + E’e k = kinetic g = gravitational e = elastic

**CONSERVATION OF MECHANICAL ENERGY
**

What kind of energy transformation is happening if you drop a rock? What happens the total energy? What is happening to the different energies throughout the process?

**CONSERVATION OF MECHANICAL ENERGY
**

A skier is gliding along with a speed of 2.00m/s at the top of a ski hill, 40.0m high. The skier then begins to slide down the icy (frictionless) hill.

a. What will be the skier’s speed at a height of 25.0m? b. At what height will the skier have a speed of 10.0m/s?

CONSERVATION OF MECHANICAL ENERGY

CONSERVATION OF MECHANICAL ENERGY

**CONSERVATION OF MECHANICAL ENERGY
**

Homework problems: pg. 287, #1-4

**ELASTIC POTENTIAL ENERGY AND KINETIC ENERGY
**

You’ve leaned what elastic potential energy is and how to express it when stored in a stretched or compressed spring:

Now, what are some practical examples of transforming elastic potential energy into kinetic energy?

ELASTIC POTENTIAL ENERGY AND KINETIC ENERGY

**ELASTIC POTENTIAL ENERGY AND KINETIC ENERGY
**

A low friction cart with a mass of 0.25kg travels along a horizontal track and collides head on with a spring that has a spring constant of 155N/m. If the spring was compressed by 6.0cm, how fast was the cart initially travelling?

CONSERVATION OF TOTAL ENERGY

**CONSERVATION OF TOTAL ENERGY
**

**A system is any object or group of objects.
**

An internal force is any force exerted on any object in the system due to another object in the system. An external force is any force exerted by an object that is not a part of the system on an object within the system.

**CONSERVATION OF TOTAL ENERGY
**

An open system can exchange both matter and energy with its surroundings. A closed system can exchange energy, but not matter, with it’s surroundings. An isolated system can not exchange energy or matter with its surroundings - nothing can enter or leave.

CONSERVATION OF TOTAL ENERGY

**CONSERVATION OF TOTAL ENERGY
**

You often hear that a system “lost” energy. Since the energy can not be created or destroyed, what happens to the energy?

**CONSERVATION OF TOTAL ENERGY
**

We can now state the law of conservation of energy mathematically:

The work done by non-conservative forces is the difference between the final mechanical energy and the initial mechanical energy of a system.

**CONSERVATION OF TOTAL ENERGY
**

A roller-coaster with a mass of 200.0kg is moving to the right at a speed of 4.00m/s at point A, 15.00m above the ground. The car then heads down the slope towards point B, 6.00m above the ground. If 3.40*10^3J of work are done by friction between points A and B, determine the speed of the car at point B.

CONSERVATION OF TOTAL ENERGY

CONSERVATION OF TOTAL ENERGY

**CONSERVATION OF TOTAL ENERGY
**

Example: A 65.0kg skydiver steps out from a hot air balloon that is 5.00*10^2m above the ground. After free-falling a short distance, she deploys her parachute, finally reaching the ground with a velocity of 8.00m/s.

a. What is the gravitational potential energy of the skydiver, relative to the ground, before she jumps?

**b. What is the kinetic energy just before she
**

lands on the ground? c. How much work did the non-conservative frictional force do?

CONSERVATION OF TOTAL ENERGY

CONSERVATION OF TOTAL ENERGY

CONSERVATION OF MOMENTUM

Elastic collisions – kinetic energy is conserved. Inelastic collisions – kinetic energy is not conserved. Newton’s third law of motion states that “for every action force on object B due to object A, there is a reaction force equal in magnitude (but opposite direction) acting on object A due to object B.

CONSERVATION OF MOMENTUM

So how do we derive the conservation of momentum law from Newton’s third law? We use the impulse-momentum theorem!

CONSERVATION OF MOMENTUM

CONSERVATION OF MOMENTUM

The conservation of momentum law states that the total momentum of two objects before a collision is the same as the total momentum of the same two objects after the collision.

CONSERVATION OF MOMENTUM

We all know that systems are rarely perfectly isolated, and that immediately after a collision, frictional forces and interactions with other objects change the momentum of the objects.

So is this law still useful?

CONSERVATION OF MOMENTUM

Yes! We can still use the conservation of momentum law to describe a system from the instant before to the instant after a collision.

CONSERVATION OF MOMENTUM

A 1.75*10^4kg boxcar is rolling down a track toward a stationary boxcar that has a mass of 2.00*10^4kg. Just before the collision, the first boxcar is moving east at 5.45m/s. When the boxcars collide, they lock together and continue down the track. What is the velocity of the two boxcars after the collision?

CONSERVATION OF MOMENTUM

CONSERVATION OF MOMENTUM

A 0.250kg billiard ball moving at 5.00m/s collides head-on with a stationary, 0.800kg steel ball. If the billiard ball bounces directly backwards at 2.62m/s, was the collision elastic?

**REAL LIFE EXAMPLES
**

What are some examples that make this important for everyday events?

Homework: pg. 327 # 2,7,8 pg. 332 # 38, 42, 44, 46, 49

- Jet PropulsionUploaded byHaziq Ismail
- j-intro to momentum-sb-ansUploaded byapi-237740413
- the effect the type of surface has on a bouncy balls return heightUploaded byapi-385944751
- physics cap matrix marked for final exam 2014Uploaded byapi-245297609
- unitplan docUploaded byapi-272857338
- momentum.pptUploaded byrospazita
- (13) Soalan-soalan JSUUploaded byMasyitah Ahmad Maulana
- Physics Tutorial 3Uploaded byLlams Alommik
- CM-Kaist Lecture Note(2013)Uploaded bygabozihubul
- Iavsd 2007 ZhouUploaded byKuldeep Singh
- Linear MomentumUploaded byami tiu
- add headingUploaded byapi-341661477
- FR 10 - Relative DensityUploaded byAngelica Uy
- Momentum and ImpulseUploaded byScribd-957616
- Physics Unit 1 Paper 2 May June 2013Uploaded byJohn Smith
- HyperPhysics:Seat Belt Danger people have been killed by hanging seatbelts, When would you be better off not wearing your seatbelt?Uploaded byHeider Jeffer
- FLUENT-Intro 14.0 L04 SolverSettingsUploaded byvahidss
- ME1100_02_WorkUploaded byMahadevanRavichandran
- Dec 2014Uploaded byΘωμαςΣτεφανιδης
- Lorentz invariantsUploaded bymidi64
- Know Your Magnetic FieldUploaded byAngela D. Coleman
- CES_66_5357_CFD simulation of hydrodynamics of gas–solid multiphase flow in downer reactors revisitedUploaded byu3m
- Stoves in Three Counties of China Part 2Uploaded byKRSmithResearchGroup
- Spare ListUploaded byDhilip An
- bethe1937Uploaded byAndrea Vargas
- Fundamentals of Fluid Dynamics for Airplane DesignersUploaded byDavid Russo
- 11_physics_lyp_2017_set1.pdfUploaded byNeerraj Yadav
- Application and ConclusionUploaded byNimo Canaman
- Aieee PhysicsUploaded byAditya Bansal
- CMO 46 s2007 - Annex III Course Specification CerEngUploaded byMark Anthony A. Balmocena

- Geography of ChristmasUploaded byascd_msvu
- Poetry LessonUploaded byascd_msvu
- Ancient ExplorersUploaded byascd_msvu
- Green Giant Visualization and Note TakingUploaded byascd_msvu
- Grade One Unit PlanUploaded byascd_msvu
- Snowball Descriptive WritingUploaded byascd_msvu
- What do you see?!Uploaded byascd_msvu
- Wants Vs. NeedsUploaded byascd_msvu
- Bouncy Ball LessonUploaded byascd_msvu
- What Makes Me SpecialUploaded byascd_msvu
- Novel LessonUploaded byascd_msvu
- Author InterviewUploaded byascd_msvu
- Snow Shoe Adventure Science LessonUploaded byascd_msvu
- Language Arts Gender LessonUploaded byascd_msvu
- Snowman Lesson PlanUploaded byascd_msvu
- snowy_dayUploaded byascd_msvu
- Unit Lesson Plan - IdentityUploaded byascd_msvu
- Canada Food Guide Lesson PlanUploaded byascd_msvu
- Math 11 Essentials - Buying a House ProjectUploaded byascd_msvu
- Grade 9 English Lesson PlanUploaded byascd_msvu
- Portfolio JeansUploaded byascd_msvu
- Geography of CrystalsUploaded byascd_msvu
- Sketch to StretchUploaded byascd_msvu
- Portfolio JeansUploaded byascd_msvu
- Geography of video gamesUploaded byascd_msvu
- Geography of Perfume PortfolioUploaded byascd_msvu
- Force and motionUploaded byascd_msvu
- BoardgameUploaded byascd_msvu
- The Marshmallow ChallengeUploaded byascd_msvu
- Geography of the OceansUploaded byascd_msvu

- Electro 1Uploaded byEsposo Muy Enamorado de Alejandra
- DinámicaUploaded byDancy Lizeth Toloza Maldonado
- 174 Gyroscopic Effect on Naval ShipsUploaded byArun Dixit
- Nonliner Dynamics of Cable Stays_part 1_sinusoidal Cable Support Excitation_2005Uploaded bymonolith80
- guia-III-PSUploaded byvictorveas
- Electricidad IUploaded byWashington Félix Villavicencio
- Analise de vibraçõesUploaded byTecmecânico
- C.1 Fuerzas. Peso y MasaUploaded bylis
- Trabajo Final de DinamicaUploaded byHarold Urueña
- Desbalanceo Mecanico.pdfUploaded byAnonymous 7aN0oYUm7v
- The Key to Golden Age and New TechnologiesUploaded byJohn Paily
- Eserciziario CeolimpiadiUploaded byPaolo Bussei
- Physics Problems SolvedUploaded byMiyuFumiko
- Practica Nro11.3Uploaded byLuis Valencia Escarcena
- 253716918-Ejercicios-Resueltos-de-Dinamica.docxUploaded byOlivar Morales
- P_02_propiedades de La MateriaUploaded byananiss
- PRE TERMOUploaded byEsteban Quintana Cueto
- Universal Unified TheoryUploaded byAlejandra Sahagún
- Weight is the Force of an Object Due to a Gravitational FieldUploaded byNicholas Goh
- Física - 12ª _2ª Ep 2012Uploaded byMateus Raul
- midterm review sheetUploaded byapi-261672207
- Caida LibreUploaded byMeliza Rosi Bravo Castillo
- ASVAB Mechanical Comprehension Practice Test 4Uploaded byASVABTestBank
- fisicaI3erUploaded bymenamigue
- Ejercicio LineasUploaded byjoelyunga
- LAB N° 4 - LEYUploaded byRoy Ch Lima
- fisica mruvUploaded bySam Rojas Torres
- Informe Ensayo Modificado de Compactación Inv E-142Uploaded byHumberto Muñoz
- Taxa metabólica basalUploaded bybonyboy
- Physics 140 Answers Smart Physics02Uploaded byShirsa Guha