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Cyclone Design

1 - Introduction
Cyclone is one of the air pollution control equipment which help to reduce the release of particulate matter into the air. Cyclones have been used for decades in industrial applications. They are widely used for collection of medium sized and coarse particles. Cyclones serve an important purpose as precleaners for more expensive final control devices.

2 - Industrial Applications
Used as precleaners for more expensive final control devices such as fabric filters or electrostatic precipitators

Used for recovering and recycling process materials


such as catalysts Used after crushing, grinding and calcining operations

in the mineral and chemical industries to collect


salable or useful material

3 - Theory of Operation
It is an inertial collector with no moving parts It consists of an upper

cylindrical part referred


to as the barrel, and a lower conical part

referred to as cone

4 - Cyclone efficiency increases with:


1. Particle size and/or density 2. Inlet duct velocity

3. Cyclone body length


4. Number of gas revolutions in the cyclone 5. Ratio of cyclone body diameter to gas exit diameter 6. Dust loading 7. Smoothness of the cyclone inner wall.

5 - Classical Cyclone Design

H
L1

D2

L2

Dd

5 - Classical Cyclone Design

Where

d/d 0.5

6 - Advantages:
Low capital cost No moving parts, therefore, few maintenance requirements and low operating costs Relatively low pressure drop Dry collection and disposal; and Relatively small space requirements

7 - Disadvantages:
Relatively low PM collection efficiencies, particularly for PM less than 10 m in size; Unable to handle sticky or tacky materials

High efficiency units may experience high pressure


drops.

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